Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Despite some flow of visitors back to the city, by the day of Idul Fitri, Surabaya
seems a dull, empty place. Afterward people straggle back but for the next month
or two have neither the means nor the interest in shopping, so that business is ...
Yet despite the willingness of most ethnic Chinese to legitimize their status, on 21
October 1968 mobs attacked shops in Pasar Turi, Bubutan and Jagalan. This riot
was justified as retaliation against the hanging in Singapore of Indonesian ...
Despite periodic flushing of the Surabaya River, water quality had worsened to
the point where it was declared by one expert as unfit to drink even after
purification (SP, 4/10/95). In response to media demands for stern action against