Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
Hasil 1-3 dari 88
Even schoolchildren discovered that Chinese features and Chinese names now
set them apart, to be no longer regarded as fellow Indonesians. During 1958 this
antagonism gained a hard political edge with the closure of pro-Kuomintang ...
A side-effect of the assault on the PKI was a new wave of discrimination against
the large Chinese community. In the prevailing climate of paranoia, all Chinese
suddenly became guilty by association. In March 1966 students attacked the ...
In 1985 the Chinese community numbered 38,400, virtually the same as the
entire Chinese population in 1930 (KMS, SDA 1985, 41); by 1996 the entire
foreign population was only 27,000 (KS 1997, 41). Figures on religious affiliation