Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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On the landward trade between Surabaya- East Java and the adjacent provinces
of Central Java and Bali, however, the record is silent. We therefore cannot
compute an overall trade balance between Surabaya- East Java and the rest of
The island's only two long, navigable rivers, the Brantas and the Solo (Bengawan
Solo), both flowed into the Java Sea in the vicinity of Surabaya (map 1.1). The
Brantas was ... city of Solo (Surakarta) in central Java. Although the lower ...
On the demand side, East Java had a growing mass market. The population was
large — by the 1980s over 30 million in East Java itself — with a similar number
in the adjacent province of Central Java. Although in the late 1960s rural people