Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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In 1975, at the outset of the Second Five-Year Plan, the central government
finally responded to the flood problem by setting up the Lower Brantas Project (
Proyek Brantas Hilir). This major public works scheme, which in Surabaya
The island's only two long, navigable rivers, the Brantas and the Solo (Bengawan
Solo), both flowed into the Java Sea in the vicinity of Surabaya (map 1.1). The
Brantas was navigable from as far inland as Tulungagung, only a short distance ...
A westward line from Surabaya up the Lower Brantas valley reached Madiun in
mid-1882 and two years later connected with the central Java system at Solo.
Meanwhile a branch line following the Brantas upstream to Kediri had been ...