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and wholly inclined to all evil', do proceed all actual transgressions
V. This- corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated and although it be through Christ pardoned and mortified, yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly
how to perform that which is good conversation in times past, in the. I find not. Col i. 21. And you that Iusts of our flesh, fulfilling the were sometime alienated, and ene desires of the flesh and of the mind;
mies in your mind by wicked works, and were by nature the children Biyet now hath he reconciled.
of wrath, even as others. Matth.
Gen. V. 11 John i. 8. If we say that we
. 21. And the Lord smelled a have no sin, we deceive ourselves, sweet savour; and the Lord said in - and the truth is not in iis.
Ver. 10. his heart, I will not again curse If we say that we have not sinned, the ground any more for man's sake; we make him a liar, and his word is for the imagination of man's heart is pot in us. Rom. vii. 14. For we evil from his youth: neither will I know that the law is spiritual: but I again smite any more every thing am carnal, sold under sin. Ver. 17. living, as I have done. Rom. ii. 10. Now then, it is no more I that As it is written, There is none righ do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. teous, no, not one: Ver. 11. There Ver. 18. For I know that in me is none that understandeth, there (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no is none that seeketh after God. good thing : for to will is present Ver
. 12. They are all gone out of with me; but how to perform that the
way, they are together become which is good I find not. Ver. 23. unprofitable ; there is
But I see another law in my mem. doeth good, no, not one.
bers warring against the law of my te james i. 14. But every man is mind, and bringing me into captempted, when he is drawn away tivity to the law of sin, which is in of his own lust, and enticed. Ver. 15. my members. James iii. 2. For
Then when lust hath conceived, it in many things we offend all. If odi bringeth forth sin; and sin, when any man offend not in word, the
it is finished, bringeth forth death. same is a perfect mang, and able also
to bridle the whole body. Prov.
VI.. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto", doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner", whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God!, and curse of the law 4, and so made subject to death', with all miseries spiritual', temporal, and eternal
in the Aesh, the notions of sins; stopped, and all the world may which were by the law, did' work become guilty before God. in our menibers to bring forth fruit P Eph. ii. 3. Among whom alss unto death. Ver. 7. What shall we all had our conversation in times we say then? Is the law sin? God past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling forbid. Nay, I had not known sin the desires of the flesh and of the but by the law; for I had not known mind; and were by nature the chillust, except the law had said, Thou dren of wrath, even as others. shalt not covet. Ver. 8. But sin, 9 Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are taking occasion by the command of the works of the law are under ment, wrought in me all manner of the curse ; for it is written, Cursed is concupiscence. For without the law
every one that continueth not in all sin was dead. Ver. 25. I thank things which are written in the book God, through Jesus Christ our Lord. of the law to do them. So then with the mind I myself
rRom. vi. 23. For the wages
of serve the law of God; but with the sin is death: but the gift of God flesh the law of sin. Gal. v. 17, is eternal life, through Jesus Christ For the Aesh lusteth against the
our Lord. Spirit, and the Spirit against the * Eph. iv. 18. Having the underfeshand these are contrary the standing darkened, being alienated ene to the other; so that ye cannot from the life of God through the do the things that ye would.
ignorance that is in them, because of VI. ni John jii. 4. Whosoever the blirdness of their heart. committeth sin transgresseth also the E Rom. vii. 20. For the creature law: for sin is the transgression of was made subject to vanity, not the law.
willingly, but by reason of him who o Rom. ii. 15. Which shew the hath subjected the same in hope. .. work of the law written in their Lam. iii. 39. Wherefore doth a hearts, their conscience
also bearing living man complain, a man for the witness, and their thoughts the mean
punishment of his sins ? while accusing, or else excusing one
u Matth. xxy. 41. Then shall he. another. Rom, üi, 9. What then?
say also unto them on the left hand, are we better than they? No, in no
Depart from me, ye cursed, into wise : for we have before proved everlasting fire, prepared for the both Jews and Gentiles, that they are devil and his angels.2 Thess. i. 9. all under sin. Ver. 19. Now we know, Who shall be punished with everthat what things soever the law lasting destruction from the presence saith, it saith to them who are under of the Lord, and from the glory of the law: that every mouth may be
I. a [sa,
CHAP. VII. Of God's Covenant with Man. THE distance between
God and the creature is so great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him as their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleased to express by way of covenant a.
II. The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works", wherein life was promised to Adam, and in.
1. * Isa. xl. 13. Who hath disected before his presence with singing: the Spirit of the Lord, or, being his Ver 3. Know ye that the Lord he: counsellor, hath taught him? V. 14. is God; it is he that hath made us,, With whom toek, he counsel, and and not we ourselves :. we are his... who instructed hiin, and taught him people, and the sheep of his pasture. . a the path of judgment, and taught Job. xxii
. 2. Can a man be profitable him knowledge, and shewed to him mto God, as he that.is wise may be the
way of uuderstanding ? Ver. 15. profitable unto himself.?. Ver. 5. Behold, the nations are as a drop of its any pleasure to the Almighty that a bucket,, and are counted as the thou art righteous ? or is it gain to. small dust of the balance :, behold, him that thou makest thy ways perhe taketh- up the isles as a very
fect? Job xxxv 7. If thou be righe. lietle thing. Ver. 16. And Lebanon teous, what givest thau him? or what is not sufficient to burn, nor the receiveth he of thine hand :: Ver. 8. beasts thereof sufficient for a burnt Thy wickedness may hurtia man as ; offering. Ver. 17. All nations before thou art, and thy righteousness may him are as nothing; and they are profit the son of man. Luke svii. 10. counted to him less than nothing, So likewise, ye, when ye shall have and vanity. Job.ix. 32. For: he: is done all those things which are com-not a man as I am, that I should manded you; say, We are unprofita. answer him, and we should come able servants :: we have done that together in judgment. Ver. 33. Nei which was our duty to do. Acts -ther is there any days-man betwixt xvii
. 24. God, that: made the world, us, that might lay his hand upon us and all things therein, seeing that both. 1 Sam. u. 25. If one man sin he is Lord of heaven and earth, , against another, the judge shall
. judge. dwelleth not in temples made with bio: but if a man sin against the hands : Ver.. 25. Neither is woraLord, who shall encreat, for: him ? shipped with men's hands, as though Psal. cxiii
. 5. Who is like unto the he needed. any thing, seeing he Lord our God, who dwellèchon giveth to all life, and breath, and bigh; Ver. 6. Who humbleth.hine all things. self to behold the things that are in
II. b Gal. üi. 12. And the law. beaven, and in the earth! Psal. c. 2. is not of faith : :but, The man thit. Serve the Lord with gladness: some
doeth. them shall live in them,
him to his posterity “, upon condition of perfect and personal obedience d.
III. Man by his fall having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second', commonly called the Covenant of Grace: wherein he freely offereth unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him, that they may
be saved'; and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto life his Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe 8.
Rom. x. 5. For Moses descrie put enmity between thee and the beth the righteousness which is of
woman, and between thy seed and the law, that the man which doeth her seed: it shall bruise thy head, those things shall live by them. and thou shalt bruise his heel. Isa. Rom. v. 12. to 20. (See Chap. vi.
xlii. 6. I the Lord have called thee Sect. 3. letter f.]
in righteousness, and will hold thine d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of hand, and will keep thee, and give the knowledge of good and evil thee for a covenant of the people, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the for a light of the Gentiles. day that thou eatest thereof, thou f Mark xvi. 15. And he said unto shalt surely die. Gal. iii. 10. For as them, Go ye into all the world, and many as are of the works of the
preach the gospel to every creature. law. are under the curse : for it is Ver. 16. He that believeth, and is written, Cursed is every one that baptized, shall be saved; but he continueth not in all things which
that believeth not, shall be damned. are written in the book of the law John üi. 16. For God so loved the to do them.
world, that he gave his only begotten Ill. Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then Son, that whosoever believeth in hinx against the promises of God? God forbid : for if there had been a law ing life. Rom. 2. 6. But the righ
should not perish, but have everlastgiven which could have given life,
teousness which is of faith speaketh verily righteousness should have been on this wise, Say not in thine heart, by the law. Rom. vii. 3. For what
Who shall ascend into heaven? (that the law could not do, in that is was
is, to bring Christ down from above :) weak through the desh, God sending Ver. 9. That if thou shalt confess his own Son in the likeness of sinful with the mouth the Lord Jesus, and flesh, and for sin condemned sin in
shalt believe in thine heart that God the flesh. Rom. iji. 20. Therefore
hath raised him from the dead, thou by the deeds of the law there shall shalt be saved.
Gal. ii. 11. But ro flesh be justified in his sight : for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
man is justified by the Ver. 21. But now the righteousness
law in the sight of God, it is eviof God without the law is manifested, faith.
dent : for, The just shall live by being witnessed by the law and the
& Ezek, xxxvi. 26. A new heart prophets, Gen. iii. 15. And I will also will I give you, and a new
IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in the scripture by the name of a Testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed
V. This covenant was différently administered in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel *: under the law it was administered by promises, prophecies, sacri. fices, circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all foresignifying Christ to come *, which were for that time
spirit will I put within you; and also the cup after supper, saying, I will take away the stony heart This cup is the new testament in out of your flesh, and I will give my blood, which is shed for you. you an heart of flesh. Ver. 27. And 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the same manner I will put my Spirit within you, and also he took the cup, when he had Cause you to walk in my statutes, supped, saying, This cup is the new and ye shall keep my judgments, testament in my blood : this do ye, and do them. John vi. 44. No as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw V. i 2 Cor. iii. 6. Who also hath him: and I will raise him up at
niade us able ministers of the new the last day. Ver. 45. It is written testament; not of the letter, but of in the prophets, and they shall be the spirit: for the letter killeth, but all taught of God. Every man the spirit giveth life. Ver. 7. Bat: therefore that hath heard, and hath if the ministration of death, written, learned of the Father, cometh unto and engraven in stones, was glorious,
so that the children of Israel could IV. h Heb. ix. 15. And for this not stedfastly behold the face of cause he is the Mediator of the new Moses for the glory of his countetestament, that by means of death, nance, which glory was to be done for the redemption of the transgreso away; Ver. 8. How shall not the sions that were under the first testa-, ministration of the Spirit be rather ment, they which are called might glorious ? Ver. 9. For if the minim. receive the promise of eternal inhe stration of condemnation be glory, ritance. Ver. 16. For where a much more doth the ministration of testament is, there must also of righteousness.exceed in glory. necessity be the death of the testatori, k (Heb. Chapters viii, ix, x.) Rom. Ver. 17. Por a testament is of force iv. 11. And he received the sign of after men are dead; otherwise it is circumcision, a seal of the righteous, of no strength at all while the testator ness of the faith which he had yet liveth. Heb. vii. 22. By so much being uncircumcised; that he night, was Jesus niade a surety of a better be the father of all then that believe, testament. Luke xxii. 20. Likewise though they be not circumcised;