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CHAPTER III.—THE CHARTER.

Powers granted by the Charter- Land and Churches-

“ Hitherto Uncultivated ” Lands Application of the

Term— Claiborne-Swedes and Dutch--- Boundary Lines

by Charter

...........21

CHAPTER IV.-EARLY SETTLEMENT OF MARYLAND.

Preparations-Leonard Calvert-Einbarkation-The “Ark”

and the “ Dove," and the “Mayflower”-Arrival-Land-

ing—Exploration-Interview with Indians-Treaty with

them--Advantages enjoyed by other Colonies—The Strik-

ing Features of this Colony..

.24

CHAPTER V.-CLAIBORNE's REBELLION.

Claiborne, the Evil Genius of the Colony-His Claim-Ex.

cites the Indians—Resorts to Violence-Flees to Virginia

- Sent to England - First Legislative Assembly - Divi-

sion of Land .......

32

CHAPTER VI.—THE SECOND GENERAL ASSEMBLY.

Missionaries—Kent Island-New Hundred— New Code of

Laws-Trial of Smith-Claiborne's Efforts in England-

Returns to Virginia-Conversion and Baptism of the Tayac

-Father White-Privileges of the Governor Extended..36

..........

..................

CHAPTER VII.-CLAIBORNE AND INGLE'S REBELLION.

Death of Calvert-Troubles in England-Insubordination of

Claiborne -- Calvert visits England - Indian Troubles —

Ingle-Gov. Brent-Calvert's Return-Endeavors to obtain

Possession of Kent Island-Calvert compelled to Flee-

Conduct of the Insurgents — Success of Parliamentary

Party-Calvert regains Possession-Death of Calvert....42

CHAPTER VIII.-LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE.

New Guards to Liberty of Conscience-Oath of Office--Acts

of Assembly - Protection of Feelings — Who formed the

Assembly

..........47

CHAPTER IX.-PURITAN SETTLEMENTS.

The Liberal Policy attracts Settlers-Richard, Bennett and

his Puritans—Chivalric Conduct of Marylanders-Influ-

ence of Puritans—Reduction of Virginia—Claiborne and

Bennett's Descent upon Maryland–The Proprietaryship

Abolished-Indian Troubles-Claiborne and Bennett's In-

vasivn-Puritan Intolerance ....................................50

CHAPTER X.-RESTORATION OF THE PROPRIETARY.

Rebuke to Gov. Stone-Recovery of Records—Unsuccessful

Expedition to Providence-Barbarity of Puritans-Appeal

to Cromwell — Decision of the Board of Trade - Bennett

makes Terms-Fendall--The last of Claiborne..............

54

CHAPTER XI.--PEACE AND PROSPERITY.

Calm-Charles Calvert-Increase of Population—Planters,

Maryland Domestic Life-Slavery-Servants—Quakers-

Fox Land of the Sanctuary - Death of Proprietary

Fendall's Attempt at Rebellion End of the Period of

Repose.....

58

CHAPTER XII.-STATE OF SOCIETY, TO 1689.

Friendship of the Natives—Kind of Government–Trade-

Coin-Luxuries-Fruit-The Baltimore Bird-Tobacco

Travelling ....

...62

CHAPTER XIII.-REVOLUTION OF 1689.

James II, Banished -- William and Mary-Delay of Instruc-

tions - Protestant Association-John Coode--First Royal

Governor--Acts of Assembly--Lord Baltimore appeals to

the King--Removal of the Capital--Second Royal Gov.

ernor --- - Improvements Sickness Effect of the Royal

Administrations ........................................................

.64

CONTENTS

Expedition against Fort DuQuesne-Grant's Bravado and

Defeat--Gallantry of Marylanders—Abandonment of the

Fort by the French......

........88

CHAPTER XIX.-THE DAYS BEFORE THE REVOLUTION.

The Democratic and the Aristocratic Elements-Claims of

the two Houses-Peace- Debt-Condition of Maryland-

Influence of French War-The old Controversy Revived

Preparatory Steps to the Stamp Act,

..........94

CHAPTER XX.-STAMP Act.

Stamp Act Imposed- Maryland Assembly Prorogued- No

Stamps in Maryland - Protest of Assembly - Treatment

of Hood --Acts of Assembly- Frederick County Court-

“Sons of Liberty"-Repeal of Stamp Act...................97
CHAPTER II.-LORD DUNMORE.

........................................

......

Plans of Lord Dunmore-Attempt to Inflict a Servile War-

Discovery of his Plans-Aid to Eastern Shore of Virginia

Batteries erected near Baltimore-"The Otter"-" The

Detence"-State Navy-Gov. Eden-Civil Authority and

Military Power— Eden sent to England-Militia sent to

the Coast-Flying Camp ..........

124

CHAPTER III.-DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.

Vain Hopes of Settlement-Rebels or Freemen-Order issued

by the Convention of Maryland-Declaration of Indepen.

dence- Charles Carroll of Carrollton-State Government

-Disposition of Troops.....

..131
-Arrival of French Fleet-Paper Money-Pensions to

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Troops- Depreciation of Currency-Confiscation- Tax-

The Price of Liberty.

155

CHAPTER X.-The CONFEDERATION.

Delay of Confederation · Difficulty of Adjusting Public

Lands—Clause Secured by Virginia-Maryland Objects

- Compromise proposed by New York-Sovereign states

-Maryland's Efforts in the Common Cause ...............158

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