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and, like the Senators, the Representatives are chosen in freemen’s meeting; but a majority (more than half) of all the votes cast is required for election. To be eligible to the office of Representative, a man must be at least twentyone years of age, a citizen of the United States, and must have been a resident of the State at least two years and of the town or city which he wishes to represent, the year next preceding election.
The House has sole power to order all impeachments, as the Senate has the power to try all such cases ; and it is in the House that all revenue bills must originate. To secure the passage of a bill in either the House or the Senate a majority vote is required—that is, a majority of the votes of a quorum (the number of members required to do the business). The House chooses one of its own members as chairman, and he is called the Speaker.
How the Constitution is Amended.—Article 25 of the
Amendments of the Vermont Constitution thus provides for the amending of the constitution : At any session of the Legislature whose year is divisible by ten, the Senate may, by a two-thirds vote, propose an amendment to the constitution. If, after considering it, a majority of the House of Representatives vote for it, it is referred to the next General Assembly. It is then published in the principal newspapers of the State; and if, when it is taken up by the next General Assembly, it passes both Houses by a majority vote, it is then submitted to the direct vote of the people. On receiving a majority of the votes of the freemen, it becomes a part of the constitution.
Election of Officers. In addition to its lawmaking duties, the General Assembly elects certain State officers, among whom are the State Superintendent of Education; the Adjutant, Inspector, and Quartermaster-General; the Judges of the Supreme Court; and the Sergeant-at-Arms, who has the care of the State House and grounds and executes the orders of either House during a session of the Legislature. One of the most important duties of the General Assembly is the election of United States Senators. Each State is entitled to two Senators in Congress, and the term of office of a United States Senator is six years. It is so arranged that the Senators do not all finish their terms at the same time, but about one-third every two years.
State Officers; How chosen.-Some of the State officers are chosen by the freemen of the State, some by the General Assembly, and some receive their offices through appointment.
The supreme executive power of the State is exercised
by the Governor, or, in his absence, by the LieutenantGovernor. The other chief executive officers of the State are the Secretary of State, Treasurer, and Auditor of Accounts.
The Governor; the Lieutenant - Governor. It is the duty of the President of the United States to see that the Constitution and the laws made by Congress are obeyed.
The Governor of each State has similar duties in respect to his State. In the absence of the Governor the duties of his office fall upon the Lieutenant-Governor; and in case of the Governor's death, the Lieutenant-Governor becomes chief executive of the State.
In Vermont the Governor and the Lieutenant-Governor