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coming favorite summer resorts because of the beauty of the scenery which they afford.

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Lake Champlain.-Lake Champlain is 126 miles long; its greatest width is thirteen miles. About one-fifth of its length lies in Canada, and the rest in Vermont and New York. It empties into the St. Lawrence River through the Richelien.

Lake Memphremagog.-Lake Memphremagog is about thirty-three miles in length and two to three miles in width. Three-fourths of this lake lies in Canada and one-fourth in Vermont. This empties also into the St. Lawrence River, through the St. Francis.

Climate; Soil. The position of Vermont near the middle of the north temperate zone, with its rather high altitude, gives it a somewhat cool but healthful climate. A generally fertile soil and an average rainfall of from thirty inches in the dryest portions of the State to forty-five in the wettest, render the greater part of the surface suitable for cultivation or pasturage.

Much of the hill-land is covered with a dense forest growth from which much valuable lumber is obtained.

Mineral Products. There are vast deposits of marble, granite, and slate throughout the State, as well as some limestone, soapstone, red sandstone, mica, and kaolin. The ores of the useful and precious metals are not abundant in Vermont, though copper, iron, lead, and gold are found in greater or less quantities.

Counties.- Vermont has fourteen counties. Given alphabetically they are : Addison, Bennington, Caledonia, Chittenden, Essex, Franklin, Grand Isle, Lamoille, Orange, Orleans, Rutland, Washington, Windham, and Windsor.

Shire Towns.— The shire towns are as follows:

1. Addison, Middlebury.
2. Bennington, Bennington and

3. ('aledonii, St. Johnsbury.
4. Chittenden, Burlington.
5. Essex, Guildhall.
6. Franklin, St. Albans.
7. Grand Isle, North Hero.

8. Lamoille, Hyde Park. 9. Orange, Chelsea. 10 Orleans, Newport. 11. Rutland, Rutland. 12. Washington, Montpelier. 13. Windham, Newfane. 14. Windsor, Woodstock.

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Towns; Cities; Gores.-Vermont has (1904) 243 towns, three of them being unorganized. The unorganized towns are Averill, Lewis, and Ferdinand, adjoining towns in Essex County.

It has six cities. Named in the order in which they were chartered they are : Vergennes, Burlington, Rutland, Montpelier, Barre, and St. Albans. Montpelier is the capital of the State.

Its gores are six in number : Avery's Gore, Warren's Gore, and Warner's Grant (or Warner's Gore), in Essex County ; Avery's Gore in Franklin County; and Avery's Gore and Buel's Gore in Chittenden County. The two last are usually spoken of together as Avery and Buel's Gore.

Congressional and Probate Districts.—There are two congressional districts in Vermont, one comprising the eastern part of the State and the other the western. These districts are for the election of representatives to Congress. The first district comprises the counties Grand Isle, Franklin, Lamoille, Chittenden, Addison, Rutland, and Bennington ; and the second, Orleans, Essex, Caledonia, Washington, Orange, Windsor, and Windham counties.

Vermont contains twenty probate districts. Each of the northern counties constitutes one probate district, and the six counties in the southern part of the State, two each.


1. Bound Vermont.
2. What mountain-range extends through the State ?

3. Name and locate the highest five peaks. How high is Mt. Mansfield ?

4. What mountains are located in the western part of the State ? 5. Locate the granite deposits of the State, the marble, the slate. 6. What river borders Vermont on the east?

7. What lake borders it on the west ?

8. What lake at the north is partly in Vermont and partly in Canada ?

9. Name the rivers of Vermont that empty into the Connecticut. 10. Those that empty into Lake Champlain. 11. Those that empty into Hudson River. 12. Those that empty into Lake Memphremagog.

13. Name some of the most important ponds and lakes that lie wholly in Vermont.

14. Make a map of Vermont, putting in the counties.
15. Name and locate the counties.
16. Name the shire towns of the counties.
17. Make a railroad map of the State of Vermont.

18. What important towns would you pass through in going by rail from Burlington to White River Junction ? from Bennington to St. Albans ? from Bellows Falls to Rutland ? from Windsor to Newport ? from Wells River to Burlington ? from Newport to Burlington ? from Rutland to Alburg through the islands of Lake Champlain ?

19. Locate Newport, St. Albans, Burlington, Montpelier, Rutland, Manchester, Windsor, Brattleboro, St. Johnsbury, Springfield, Barre, Bennington, Ludlow, Waterbury, Northfield, White River Junction, Wells River.

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