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report of the battle, Stark said that with one more hour of daylight they would have captured the whole body.
Losses to the Enemy.-In the two engagements the enemy lost four cannon and 1,000 muskets. Over 200 of their men were left dead on the field, and about 750
were wounded or taken prisoners. The American loss was thirty killed and forty wounded. Two of the captured cannon are now at the State House in Montpelier, bearing this inscription : "Taken from the Germans at Bennington Aug. 16, 1777.”
Influence of this Victory.—This victory had a very inspiriting effect on the whole country, and was equally disheartening to the British. It was the first real check Burgoyne had received on his march south ward, and led the way, if it were not actually necessary, to the disasters that soon followed the British cause.
Why Called the Battle of Bennington.—This battle did not actually occur on Vermont soil, but just across the line
in Hoosick, N. Y. It was, however, a battle directed against Bennington for the purpose of obtaining the stores collected there; and so has always been known as the battle of Bennington. The event has been fittingly commemorated by a monument at Bennington Center on the site of the continental storehouse which the invading army came to capture. Near by
is the site of the Catamount Catamount Monument. Tavern in which was the On the site of the old Catamount
Council Chamber where Tavern at Bennington.
the Vermont Council of Safety held its sessions. This is also appropriately marked by a life-sized bronze catamount surmounting a massive block of green granite.
Lincoln's Raid ; Burgoyne's Surrender.—After the battle of Bennington, Lincoln, who commanded a body of New England militia, worked industriously collecting and organizing the militia at Manchester, until he had a force of
2,000 strong. Unknown to Gates, who had succeeded General Schuyler, he determined to make an attempt to recapture Ticonderoga and its outposts, and thus cut off Burgoyne's communications with Canada. Dividing his force into detachments, he was successful in destroying the stores at the head of Lake George, taking 300 British prisoners, releasing 100 captives, who had been taken at the battle of Hubbardton, and in capturing a large number of English boats on the lake.
In these captures Colonel Herrick's rangers bore a promi. nent part. Ebenezer Allen, also a Vermonter, scaled the heights of Mt. Defiance and dislodged the enemy. General Lincoln himself, with about 700 men, was about to march to Fort Edward, when he received an urgent request from General Gates to join him at once. He accordingly gave up his own plans, and, accompanied by Colonel Warner and his continental regiment, hastened to reenforce Gates.
The British army was now at Saratoga, ill-supplied with provisions, and unable to retreat or to advance. After fighting two ineffectual battles near by, Burgoyne, despairing of relief, surrendered to General Gates, October 17, 1777, an army reduced to less than 6,000 able-bodied men.
The Evacuation of Ticonderoga.- When the news of Burgoyne's surrender reached Ticonderoga, the garrison made quick preparations to evacuate, burning barracks and houses at Ticonderoga and Mt. Independence, and sinking boats and breaking or spiking their cannon.
Close in their pursuit followed Ebenezer Allen with fifty of Herrick's rangers, striking a blow at every opportunity. He rescued forty-nine prisoners, captured quantities of stores, three boats, and many horses and oxen. Among his prisoners was a slave named Dinah Mattis and her child, whom he
afterward set free, after having obtained the permission of the Green Mountain Boys to do so. No longer having the British army as a menace on their left, the Green Mountain Boys returned to their homes in season to save some of their crops to sustain them through the severe Vermont winter.
A Plucky Woman.—To those who braved the perils of frontier life rather than flee to places of greater safety in times of danger, came many sad but interesting experiences. They were constantly exposed to the depredations of the Indians ; but as the red men seldom troubled the women and children, it was customary for the men of a settlement to flee to the woods on the approach of the Indian and there remain in hiding until the work of plunder was over.
At one time a party of Indians approached the house of a Mr. Stone, one of the first settlers of Bridport. They were discovered by Mrs. Stone in season to give her time to throw some of the things she valued out of a back window, conceal others about her person, and sit down to her carding before they entered. Suspecting that she was concealing something in her clothing, an Indian attempted to search her, whereupon she gave him a sharp slap in the face with the teeth side of her card. Spirit in man or woman was much admired by the Indians, and thereupon an old Indian broke into a loud laugh and cried, “Good squaw ! good squaw !” and she was not again molested.
Another instance of the indomitable courage of Mrs. Stone is shown in the following: After the capture of Burgoyne and about three weeks before the evacuation of Ticonderoga by the British, Mr. Stone was taken prisoner by the British and carried to Ticonderoga. Expecting that he would be sent to Quebec, and knowing that he lacked suitable clothing, Mrs. Stone rowed a distance of twelve