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to 1826, it was upwards of 45 millions sterling ; in 1827, it was £45,110,000; and in 1828, £52,049,000.—The number of factories in Manchester, in 1820, was 54, and their value as assessed to the poor's rates, £16,806. In 1823, the number was 56 ; value, £18,293. In 1826 the number was 72; value, £24,034. In 1825 the number was 73, value, £25,245.—The import of cotton in the year 1824, was 147,000,000 lbs. In 1827 it was 268,000,000 lbs. The average quantity of cotton wool imported annually is about 197,000,000 lbs. weight. Of this quantity, 151,000,000 lbs. are imported from the United States of America; 17,000,000 from Brazil ; Egypt, 7,000,000; West Indies, 12,000,000; and the rest from the East Indies. The duty on British woollen cloth imported into the United States of America, after June 1829, is, on coarse texture, 45 per cent. ; on finer cloths, 50 per cent. Net PRODUCE of the Revenue of Unredeemed FUNDED DEBT, and
Great Britain in the Years end CHARGE thereof. [Companion to
Charge Customs, £16,358,170 £15,961,206 G. Britain, £741,089,836 £26,436,359 Excise,
17,905,978 17,904,027 Ireland, 31,232,704 1,165,897 Stamps, 6,575,318 6,704,792
£772,322,540 27,602,256 Post-Office, 1,387,000 1,396,000 This is the total amount of the Debt, Ta: 4,836,4 4,905,886
as stated for Jan. 5, 1829, with the Miscellaneous, 556,171 600,848 annual expense of it for interest and
Total £47,619,101 £ 47,472,659/management.
EAST INDIA COMPANY.
William Astell, Chairman of the Directors. This Company was incorporated in 1700 ; but their present charter was granted in 1813; and it will expire in 1834. The proprietors of East India Stock consist of about 3,000 persons. A proprietor of £1,000 stock is entitled to one vote; of £2,000, to 2 votes ; of £3,000, to 3 votes; of £10,000 and upwards, to 4 votes. The dividend is 105 per cent per annum. The produce of the Company's trade with India, in 1828, was £5,891,000; the value of their exports to China (of which they have the monopoly), was £863,494. The Receipts, Territorial and Commercial, (exclusive of
the duty on Tea), for the year ending May, 1829, were £9,371,230 12 6 Expenditure,
8,298,667 95 Balance,
£1,081,563 31 The gross produce of the Tea sold in 1828, was £4,254,000.
From 1814 to 1826, there were sent out to India, 3,174 cadets; in the year 1828, 77 writers, 357 cadets, and 59 assistant surgeons. [Englishman's Almanac.]
Chief Justice. John M. Turner, D. D.
Bishop of Calcutta.
Commander of the Forces.
Sir John Malcolm,
NewsPAPERS. The number of Newspapers published in London, in 1829, has been stated at 55; in other parts of England, 158 ; in Scotland, 38; in Ireland, 74total, 323. The number of Newspapers and Periodical Journals, in the United States, in 1828, according to the statement in the first volume of this Almanac (see p. 229), was 802. The present number is not far from 1,000.
The following statement exhibits the number of stamps issued for some of the principal London Newspapers, in 1829, and the amount of duty received for them.
Stamps. Duty. Times and Evening Mail
3,275,311 £54,5:38 10 4 Morn’g Chron., Observer, Bell's Life in L., and Englishman 2,331,450 33,857 10 0 Morning Herald and English Chronicle
2,000,475 33,341 5 0 Standard, St. James's Chronicle, London Packet, and London Journal
1,367,000 22,783 68 Morning Advertiser and Weekly Register
1,145,000 19,083 64 Courier
995,200 16,586 13 8 Globe and Traveller
864,000 14,400 00 Bell's Weekly Despatch
13,009 4 0 625,000
10,416 13 4 Morning Post.
9,975 00 The following remarks are from “ The Englishman's Almanac" for 1830. 5* There are printed in London 50 newspapers ; in the country parts of England, 155. These consume 25 millions of stamps in the year. The principal London papers are the Times, Morning Herald, Morning Chronicle, Morning Post, Morning Journal, Morning Advertiser, and Ledger, morning papers: the Courier, Globe, Standard, British Traveller, Sun, and Star, evening papers. Most of these journals are conducted with amazing ability. Articles almost daily appear in the Times, which, for rhetorical merit, would adorn some of the most illustrious names in our literature. The subscription to the Morning Papers is £2. os. per quarter.—The charge for advertising is 7s. for each advertisement at and under seven lines, and at the rate of 6d. a line afterwards."
ENGLISH BENEVOLENT SOCIETIES.
Name. Date. Income. 1828-9; 1829-10
1828-9/1829-10 British & Foreign Bible 1801 86,259 34,982 Tibernian
1806 7,595 9,228 Prom'g Chr. Knowledge 1799 72,486 60,000 Sund. School Union 1803 5,276 6,323 Wesleyan Missionary 50,005 55,565 Home Missionary 1819
5,782 London Missionary 1795 41,803 48,526 Mirsiois Unit. Breth. 1732 8,930 4,021 Church Missionary 1800 53,675 47,328 Naval & Milit. Bible 1780 3,771 3,396 Propagating the Gospel 1701 27,582 29,168 British Reformation 1827 1,741 3,000 Religious Tract 1799 22,469 21,973 Pra’er. B'k & Homily 1813 2189 2,207 National School 1810 20,102 20,000 Anti-Slavery 1823 1,787 2,134 London Jewg'
1808 13,129 12,272 Brit. & For. School | 1805 2,615 2,038 Baptist Missionary 1792 10,393 11,300 ||Peace
1816 612 628
KING AND ROYAL FAMILY.
1. FERDINAND, Duke of Chartres; b. Sept. 3, 1810.
Sister of the King.
CHARLES X, King France and Navarre; Most Christian Majesty ; b. Oct. 9, 1757; succeeded his brother Louis XVIII, Sept. 16, 1824; crowned at Rheims, May 29, 1825; m. Nov. 6, 1773, Maria Theresa, sister of the king of Sardinia, who died at Gratz, June 2, 1805 : Issue :
Louis ANTHONY, Duke of Angoulême, Dauphin; b. Aug. 6, 1775; m. June 10, 1799, Maria Theresa (Dauphiness), danghter of Louis XVI, b. Dec. 19, 1778.
Louisa Maria Theresa, (daughter of the late Duke of Berry, next brother lo the Dauphin); b. Sept. 21, 1819.
Henry, Duke of Bourdeaux (grandson of France, a posthumous son of the late Duke of Berry); b. Sept. 29, 1820.
Council of Ministers of Charles X, 1830.
Minister of Marine.
Minister of Finance.
Secretary of State for Public Works.]
The following are some of the principal events of the Revolution which has recently taken place in France. On the 19th of March, 1830, the King prorogued the Chamber of Deputies till September 1, in consequence of the stand which they took against the ministry, in their answer to the King's speech; on the 17th of May, he dissolved the Chamber; and at the same time new elections were ordered, and the two Chambers convoked for August 3d. Of the 221 Deputies who voted for the answer, 220 were reëlected; and in the new Chamber, the liberals had a large majority. In consequence of this result, the ministers made a report to the King, which was published July 26, accompanied by three ordinances; one dissolving the Chamber of Deputies; another suspending the liberty of the press; and a third altering the law of election. All the liberal papers in Paris were suppressed; the bank refused
to discount bills; the manufacturers discharged their workmen ; and the streets of Paris were thronged with people. The editors signed a remonstrance declaring the ordinances illegal, and that they ought to be resisted. On the morning of the 27th, the newspapers and journals appeared as usual, and the seizure of the presses and the imprisonment of the editors were signals of the revolution. The citizens took up arms against the government, and by one o'clock, the following day, obtained a complete victory over the King's Guards. On the 29th of July, the liberal deputies, who had assembled in Paris, appointed Lafayette commander-in-chief of the National Guards; and on the 31st, they published a declaration inviting Louis Philip, Duke of Orleans, to become Lieutenant General of the kingdom. On the same day (31st) Charles X. and his household fled from St. Cloud to Rambouillet; and on the 2d of August, the abdication of the King and the Dauphin, in favor of the Duke of Bourdeaux, with the title of Henry V, was placed in the hands of the Lieutenant General. The two Chambers met on the 3d of August : the Chamber of Deputies declared the throne of France vacant de facto et de jure on the 6th; adopted the new-modelled charter by a vote of 219 to 33, and voted to invite the Duke of Orleans to become King of the French, on condition of his accepting the changes of the Charter, on the 7th; the Duke accepted the crown on the 8th, and took the prescribed oath on the 9th. The Chamber of Peers adopted, on the 7th of August, all the provisions contained in the Declaration of the Chamber of Deputies, except the following, namely, “ All the creations of peers during the reign of Charles X. are declared null and void ;” declaring, that they “would leave the decision of this question to the high prudence of the Prince Lieutenant General."
CONSTITUTIONAL CHARTER AS MODIFIED BY THE DECLARATION OF THE
CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES, Aug. 7, AND SWORN TO BY Louis PHILIP OF ORLEANS, AUG. 9, 1830.
Decluration of the Chamber of Deputies. The Chamber of Deputies, taking into consideration the imperious necessity which is the result of the 26th, 27th, 28th, and 29th of July, and the following days; and of the situation in which France is at this moment placed, in consequence of this violation of the Constitutional Charter ;-considering, moreover, that by this violation, and the heroic resistance of the citizens of Paris, his Majesty King Charles X, his Royal Highness Louis Anthony, his son, and the senior members of the Royal House are leaving the Kingdom of France, declare that the Throne is vacant de fucto et de jure, and that there is an absolute necessity of providing for it.
The Chamber of Deputies declare, secondly, that according to the wish, and for the interest of the people of France, the preamble of the Constitutional Charter is omitted, as wounding the national dignity, in appearing to grant to them rights which essentially belong to them : and that the succeeding Articles of the same Charter ought to be suppressed or modified in the following manner :
[Translated from “Le Courrier des États-Unis."] Art. 1. Frenchmen are to be equal in the eyeof the law, whatever may be their titles or their ranks.
2. They are to contribute in proportion to their fortunes to the expenes of the State.
3. They are all to be equally admissible to civil and military employments.
4. Their individual liberty is hereby equally guarantied. No person can be either prosecuted or arrested, except in cases prescribed by the law.
5. Each one may profess his religion with equal liberty, and shall obtain for his religious worship the same protection.
6. The ministers of the Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman religion, professed by the majority of the French, and those of other Christian worship, receive stipends from the public treasury.
7. Frenchmen have the right of publishing and printing their opinions, provided they conform themselves to the laws. The censorship can never be reëstablished.
8. All property is inviolable, without any exception of that which is called national ; the law making no difference.
9. The State may exact the sacrifice of property for the good of the public, legally proved; but an indemnity shall be first given to those who may suffer from the change.
10. All searching into the opinions and votes given before the Restoration, is interdicted; and the same oblivion is enjoined upon the tribunals and upon the citizens.
11. The conscription is abolished; the method of recruiting the army for the land and sea service, is to be determined by law.
Of the King's Authority. Art. 12. The person of the King is inviolable and sacred ; his ministers are responsible; to the King alone belongs the executive power:
13. The King is the supreme head of the State ; he commands the forces by sea and by land; declares war; makes treaties of peace, alliance, and commerce; appoints all those who are employed in the public administration ; and makes the regulations necessary for the execution of the laws, without having power either to suspend the laws themselves, or dispense with their execution. Nevertheless, no foreign troops can ever be admitted into the service of the State, without an express law.
14. The legislative power is exercised collectively by the King, the Chamber of Peers, and the Chamber of Deputirs.
15. The proposing of the laws belongs to the King, to the Chamber of Peers, and to the Chamber of Deputies. Nevertheless, every law imposing a tax must be first voted by the Chamber of Deputies.
16. Every law must be discussed and voted freely by the majority of each of the two Chambers.
17. If a proposed law be rejected by one of the three powers, it cannot be brought forward again in the same session.
18. The King alone sanctions and promulgates the laws.
19. The Civil List is to be fixed for the duration of the reign by the first Legislative Assembly after the accession of the King.
Of the Chamber of Peers. Art. 20. The Chamber of Peers is an essential portion of the legislative power.
21. It is to be convoked by the King at the same time as the Chamber of Deputies. The session of one is to begin and to end at the same time as that of the other,
22. Any assembly of the Chamber of Peers which may he held at a time which is not that of the session of the Chamber of Deputies, is unlawful and void of all force, except in the single case in which it is assembled as a Court of Justice, and then it can exercise only judicial functions.
23. The nomination of the Peers of France is the prerogative of the King. Their number is unlimited. He can vary their dignities, and name them Peers for life, or make them hereditary at his pleasure.
24. Peers may enter the Chamber at iwenty-five years of age, and have a deliberative voice at the age of thirty years.