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The numbers of the congregations of the several denominations of Dis. senters, were stated in an English newspaper, in 1830, as follows :Independents, 1,289 | Baptists,
838 Wesleyan Methodists, 1,288 | Quakers,
397 Calvinistic do. 424 Roman Catholics,
388 Other classes of do. 689 | Presbyterians,
258 ESTABLISHED CHURCH or IRELAND. Archbishops and Bishops of the Established Church of Ireland, with the
Date of their consecration and Translation to the See, and the
Income of the Sees, as stated in the Edinburgh Review in 1822.
Trans. Income. 1806 Lord J. G. de la Poer Beresford, D.D.,
£ Primate of all Ireland.
Armagh 1822 14,000 1819 William Magee, D. D., Primate of Ireland.
1822 14,000 1822 Richard Laurence, D. C. L., Primate of Munster.
9,000 1802 P. le Poer Trench, D. D., Primate of Connaught.
Bishops. 1801 Nathaniel Alexander, D. D.
1823 8,000 1803 Charles D. Lindsay, D. D.
1804 8,000 1794 William Knox, D. D.
1803 15,000 1802 G. de la Poer Beresford, D. D. Kilmore
7,000 1804 Christopher Butson, D. D.
Clonfert & Kil'h
4,000 1804 Lord Robert P. Tottenham, D. D. Clogher
1822 9,000 1807 Thomas St. Lawrence, D. D. Cork & Ross
6,500 1810 James Verschoyle, D. D.
Killala & Ach'y 4,000 1812 John Leslie, D, D.
1820 12,000 1813 Robert Fowler, D. D. .
6,000 1813 Richard Bourke, D. D.
Waterford & Lis. 8,000 1819 James Saurin, D. D.
Dromore 1820 | 5,600 1820 Richard Mant, D. D.
Down & Connor 1823 7,000 1820 Thomas Elrington, D. D.
Leighlin & Ferns 1822 8,000 1822 William Bissett, D. D.
10,000 1822 John Jebb, D. D.
Limerick, A. &A. 3,000 1826 John Brinkley, D. D.
7.000 1828 Richard Ponsonby, D. D.
Killalne & Kilf.
7,000 The Bishops of Meath and Kildare take precedence of all the other Bishops; the rest rank according to priority of consecration.
Rotation of Irish Bishops sitting in Parliament. The rotation in which the Irish Bishops sit in Parliament, is regulated by the following cycle; by which each Archbishop sits once in four, and each Bishop once in six sessions. Session.
Session. 1. Primate, Meath, Kildare, Derry. 7. Cashel, Meath, Kildare, Derry. 2. Dublin, Raphoe, Limerick, Dromore. 8. Tuam, Raphoe, Limerick, Dromore, 3. Cashel, Elphin, Down, Waterford, 9. Primate, Elphin, Down, Waterford. (1831.)
10. Dublin, Ferns, Cloyne, Cork. 4. Tuam, Ferns, Cloyne, Cork. 11. Casbel, Killaloe, Kilmore, Clogher. 5. Primate, Killaloe, Kilmore, Clogher. 12. Tuam, Ossory, Killala, Clonfert, 6. Dublin, Ossory, Killala, Clonfert.
The cycle is completed at the end of every twelve sessions.
"In Ireland,” says the Eclectic Review (1823), “the Church of Eng. land has the tithes ; the Church of Rome has the people. Out of nearly 7 inillions of people, 5 millions are Roman Catholics; abové one million are l'resbyterians and Dissenters of other sectš; and not half a million (400,000) is computed to be the outside of the numbers who adhere to the Piotestant establishment. To minister to these 400,000' hearers, there are no fewer than 1,700 clergy (of whom 587 are dignitaries), with an income of £1,300,000.”
THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND.
285,000 Roman Catholics,
70,000 Other Denominations,
High Court of Chancery. Rt. Hon. Lord Lyndhurst,
Lord High Chancellor. Rt. Hon. Sir John Leach,
Master of the Rolls. £7,000 a year. Rt. Hon. Sir Launcelot Shadwell, Vice Chancellor. £6,000 a year. John Springett Harvey, Esq.
Accountant General. Amount of effects of suitors in chancery, in 1828, £39,210,326.
Court of the King's Bench.
Chief Justice. £10,000 a year. -
Judges. £6,000 a year each.
Court of Common Pleas.
Judges. £6,000 a year each.
Court of Exchequer,
Lord Chief Baron. £7,000 a year.
Barons. £6,000 a year.
The average number of actions brought every year in England and Wales is 86,279.
The amount of damages recovered in the King's Bench, as shown by the
Court of Admiralty.
Four Ecclesiastical Courts :-
£3,000 a year, Faculty, for Dispensations to marry,
by fees. The number of Proctors is limited to 34. Insolvent Debtors' Court, Portugal Street.-H. R. Reynolds, Esq. Chief Com.-T. B. Bowen, Esq., J. G. Harris, Esq., W. J. Law, Esq.Salaries, £11,254.—The number discharged under the present Act, up to 1829, was 51,000; their debts 4 millions sterling; assets a farthing in the pound; expense of discharge over £25 each. About 65 in every 1,200 produce any assets. Marshalsea Court, Scotland Yard. Courts of Requests in and about the Metropolis :
City, Guildhall Buildings, King Street, Cheapside,
403. Vine Street, Piccadilly, There are 164 places in England where the power of committing for debt exists.
The number of Barristers is calculated at 1,034; Conveyancers and Pleaders, 138; London Attorneys, 9,056; Country Attorneys, 2,667.. Total Lawyers in England and Wales, 12,895.--For the 9 years ending in 1829, the attorneys paid in duties on articles of clerkship, admissions, and yearly certificates, upwards of one million sterling. Barristers' fees constitute 25 per cent. of the whole expenses of law suits.
ARMY. The amount of the land forces voted for the service of the year 1829 was 89,723 men, exclusive of the men employed by the East India Company. The sum voted for the whole expenses of the army, including every charge connected with it, was £6,336,231. The British army is composed of 103 battalions.
About twenty of these are in the service and pay of the East India Company, and fifty-four more are disposed of in the Colonies. Four battalions, on an average, are constantly on their passage to relieve the regiments on foreign stations, leaving twenty-five battalions (exclusive of guards) for the service of the United Kingdom. The casualties in the army, according to Sir Henry Hardinge's estimate, amount to about oneeleventh or one-twelfth of the whole forces annually. The Mutiny Bill underwent an alteration in the session of 1829. The clauses, which used to amount to 163, are now condensed to 77, and the Bill is rendered more concise and plain. It enables general commanding officers in a district to order district courts-martial instead of general regimental courts-martial. The oath is the same for all members of courts-martial.
Officers and Institutions connected with the Army. Staff at Head Quarters.-Commandant in Chief, Staff, Secretaries, &c. (Horse Guards), £12,167 9s. 6d.
Secretary at War, Deputy, Clerks, &c. (do.), £32,808 10s.
Quarter-Master-General do. (do.) £5,905 58. Judge-Advocate-General, do. (Upper Crown Street), £5,982 68. Comptroller of Accounts do. (Whitehall), £13,000 173. Recruiting Office, (Eng. and Ireland) £56,776 9s. Board of General Officers, 21, Spring Gardens. Army Medical Board, Berkeley Street, Piccadilly.—Director-General, Sir J. McGrigor.--Secretary, S. Reed, Esq.
Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Berks. Instituted 1799. Parl. allow. £10,029 17s. 1d.-Gov. Sir E. Paget.
Royal Hospital, Chelsea.-Gov. Sir S. Hulse. Parl. allow. (with Kilmainham Royal Hospital, Dublin, and including In and Out Pensioners), £1,325,014 6s. ld.
Royal Military Asylum, Chelsea.-Command. Lieut. Col. Williamson. Parl. allow. £24,155.
Garrisons at home and abroad, Parl. allow. £36,862 188. 11d.
of the army.
The number of men voted for the service of the Fleet for 1829, was 30,000, including 9000 marines. The sum voted for the general expenses of the Navy was £5,878,794.
Officers and Institutions connected with the Navy. Admiralty, Charing Cross.-- Lords Commiss. Viscount Melville, £5,000; Sir G. Cockburn, Sir H. Hotham, Sir G. Clerk, Visct. Castlereagh, £1,000 each.--Sec. Rt. Hon. J. W. Croker, £3,000.–2d Sec. J. Barrow, Esq. £1,500.—Total for office, £52,976 58. 1d.
Navy Pay, Somerset Place.-Treas. Rt. Hon. W. V. Fitzgerald, £3,000.–Paymast. Capt. Huskisson, £1,200.—Total for office, £83,449 63. 7d.
Navy Office, Somerset Place.- Compt. Sir T. B. Martin, £2,000.Dep. Hor. H. Legge.—Total for office, £60,830 158.
Victualling Office, Somerset Place.-Chairm. of Board, Hon. G. A. C. Stapylton, £1,201.-Dep. I. Wolley, Esq. £1,000.–Total for office £180,827 11s. 7d. His Majesty's Yards at horne, £1,385,529 183. Sd.
His Majesty's Yards abroad, £52,141 38. 31. In lieu of the Board of Longitude,
which was abolished in 1828, a council composed of Messrs. Young and Faraday and Captain Sabine, at £100 a year each, assists the Admiralty in matters of science. Victualling Yards, £64,356. Naval College, £3,121 88. 3d. Royal Hospital, Greenwich.-Military Department, Governor, Sir R. Keats.- Civil Department, Commissioners, V. Fitzgerald, Lord Lowther, Sir W. J. Hope, Lord Auckland, E. H. Locker, Esq.-Sec. W. H. Hooper, Esq.-Parl. allow. £250,000.
Pilotage.-60,000, £64,455 13s. 58).
The sum voted for the general expenses of the Ordnance for 1829-30 was £1,728,908.
Offices and Establishments connected with the Ordnance. Ordnance Office, Pall Mall and Tower.-Master-General, Viscount Beresford, £3,176.—Lieut.-Gen. Lord R. Somerset, £1,200.- Surveyor. General, Sir H. Fane, £1,500.-Clerk, Spencer Perceval, Esq., £1,200.Total for office, £70,544. Constable of Tower, Duke of Wellington.
Establishments at Woolwich, £8,600.
BANK OF ENGLAND.
The charter by which this Company subsists is the eighth that has been granted to them since their incorporation. It was granted in 1800, and will expire on the first of August, 1833. On the 28th Feb. 1829 their advances to Government amounted to upwards of twenty miilions and a half sterling. The balance of pubiic money in their hands is from three to five millions on the average; and they are paid better than a quarter of a million yearly for the management of the Public Debt. The amount of their circulation in September, 1829, was £13,873,740. From the 1st Jan. 1826 to the 1st May 1828, the Bank issued £21,766,905 in sovereigns and half-sovereigns, of which £1,090,858 7s. were issued in exchange for guineas.
The dividend is eight per cent. per annum on Bank Stock.
£500 Bank Stock qualifies a holder for voting at a general court, if he be in possession of it for six months ; £2,000 qualifies the holder for a Director; £3,000 for Deputy-Governor; and £4,000 for Governor. No proprietor can have more than one vote.
[The above notices of the Judiciary, Army, Navy, and Bank of England, are taken chiefly from the Englishman's Almanac for 1830.]
REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.
[From the Englishman's Almanac for 1830.] In opening the budget for 1829–30, the Chancellor of the Exchequer calculated the Revenue for the year at £51,347,000. The actual produce of the two quarters ended 10th Oct. 1329 is upwards of 25 millions, so that if the other two quarters equal the preceding ones, the computation of the government will have been correct. The expenditure for the year has been settled by the House of Commons at £43,333,593, which, deducted from the expected income, yields a balance of £3,013,407 for reducing the debt. The expenditure consists of payments on account of the debt amounting to £27,903,000; for annuities payable by the Bank, £585,000 ; and for the fixed charge on the Consolidated Fund, £2,200,000. Then for the Army, Navy, Ordnance, Miscellaneous Services, &c. there have been voted about 18 millions, making the total expenditure as above. It was calculated in parliament last year, that the amount of government taxes each year is £50,700,000, which, with manifold local rates, voluntarily and otherwise borne by the community, is swelled to nearly 80 millions a year. Calculating the population at 20 millions, there is paid every year in this country, in the shape of taxation, at the rate of £4 each person. In France, the total taxation does not exceed the rate of £1 68. per soul; in America it amounts to only 10s. a head. The annual average official value of our exports, from 1810 to 1820, was upwards of 36 millions sterling; from 1821