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1789 Arthur St. Clair, Governor till the end of the territorial government.
Under the Constitution.
Edward Tiffin, elected 1803 | Thomas Worthington, elected 1814
elected 1808 Allen Trimble, Acting Gov. 1822 Return J. Meigs, do. 1810 Jeremiah Morrow, elected 1822 Othniel Looker, Acting Gov. 1814 Allen Trimble,
OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION.
The Constitution of this state was formed, at Chillicothe, in 1802.
The legislative power is vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, which together are styled The General Assembly of the State of Ohio.
The representatives are elected annually on the second Tuesday in October; and they are apportioned among the counties according to the number of white, male inhabitants above 21 years of age. Their number cannot be less than 36, nor more than 72.
The senators are chosen biennially, and are apportioned according to the number of white, male inhabitants of 21 years of age. Their number cannot be less than one third, nor more than one half of the number of representatives.
The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected by the people for two years, on the second Tuesday in October; and his term of service commences on the first Monday in December.
The General Assembly meets annually (at Columbus), on the first Monday in December.
The right of suffrage is granted to all white, male inhabitants, above the age of 21 years, who have resided in the state one year next preceding the election, and who have paid, or are charged with a state or county tax.
The judicial power is vested in a Supreme Court, in Courts of Common Pleas for each county, and such other courts as the legislature may, from time to time, establish. The judges are elected by a joint ballot of both Houses of the General Assembly for the term of 7 years.
Allen Trimble, Governor; (term of office expires on the first Monday in December, 1830); salary $1,200.
The senators ( 36) and representatives (72) receive $3 a day each, and 3 cents a mile for travel.
1,200 1,200 1,200
Courts of Common Pleas. For the holding of the Courts of Common Pleas, the state is divided into nine districts or circuits, in each of which there is a presiding judge, who holds annually three courts in each county within his district. The salary of each of these judges is $1,000. The names of the present presiding judges are as follows. George B Holt, 1st Circuit. George I. Smith, 6th Circuit F. A. Grimké, 2d do. E. Lane,
7th do. *Reuben Wood, 3d do. Thomas Irwin,
8th do. Alexander Harper, 4th do. G. P. Torrence, 9th do. J. H. Hallock,
5th do. These judges are severally assisted by three associate judges in each county, who receive $2 a day during their attendance at court.
The Bank of the United States has an office of Discount and Deposit at Cincinnati ; and under the authority of the state are the following banks, namely, the Banks of Chillicothe, Marietta, St. Clairsville, Steubenville, Mount Pleasant, and Canton; Franklin Bank of Columbus, at Columbus ; Lancaster Ohio Bank, at Lancaster; Urbana Banking Company, at Ur. bana ; Bank of Scioto, at Portsmouth; and Western Reserve Bank, at Warren.
The actual capital of the banks chartered by the state, which differs much from their nominal capital, cannot be easily ascertained, as they are not obliged by law to publish the state of their funds.
The governor of Ohio, in his Address to the legislature, at a late session, gives the following view of the progress of internal improvement, and of the finances of the state.
“ The great work of internal communication in this state (the Canal from the Ohio to Lake Erie] advances towards completion with a firmness commensurate with its grandeur, and the interests it is intended to promote. The residue of the entire line of Canal is now under contract, to be com
pleted in 1831. As the work has progressed towards its Southern termimation, the benefits of navigation from the Lake have been extended into the interior, and sensibly felt. It has now advanced near to Newark, a distance of 180 miles; it may be expected to approach Chillicothe in 1830, and in the following year to the Ohio river; making with the Miami Canal, now completed, 375 miles of artificial canal navigation in the state."
“ There remained in the treasury of Ohio on the 15th of November last, $159,250 ; $90,000 thereof, being a School Fund, is drawing 6 per cent. interest. This fund, the interest upon which is guarantied by the state, is daily increasing; and, by the first of January next, will probably amount to $150,000. The Sinking Fund $60,000 remains uniinpaired; to which may be added the surplus revenue of 1829 and 1830, say $30,000; making a total of $ 240,000, that will remain in the treasury.”
The Miami Canal, which is completed from Cincinnati to Dayton, 65 miles, has 22 locks, and cost $746,000, about $11,000 a mile. It extends through the richest portion of the state, and is the channel of an extensive trade.
STATISTICS OF Ohio. [From the “ Ohio State Journal.”]
1829. Quantity of land (assessed)
acres 13,763,574 15,878,171 Value of lands and buildings
$35,217,035 41,193,000 Value of town lots and buildings
4,082,114 8,230,985 Horses (No. 1826, 131,956; 1829, 175,319) Value 4,878,240 7,012,760 Cattle (No. 1826, 252,544; 1829, 719,596) do. 2,028,852 5,756,768 Merchants' Capital
2,162,118 3,950,156 Carriages (Number, 137) Value
25,310 State Tax
106,669 193,609 County Tax
187,563 173,903 Road Tax
91,846 71,950 Township Tax
22,231 52,096 School Tax
The principal literary seminaries in this state are the University of Ohio, at Athens ; Miami University, at Oxford ; Western Reserve College, at Hudson; Kenyon College, at Gambier; and the Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati.
In 1825, a law was passed by which a tax of one twentieth of one per cent., or a half mill on a dollar, estimated ad valorem upon the general tax list of the state, was levied and appropriated to the support of common schools.
VINCENNES, in Indiana, was settled by French emigrants from Canada, near the beginning of the last century, and long remained a solitary village. But few settlements were made in the country till the commencement of the present century ; since which time its increase in population has been very rapid.
In 1800, Indiana was erected into a territorial government; in 1816, its Constitution was formed, and it was admitted into the Union as an indea pendent state.
GOVERNORS. William H. Harrison, appointed Governor of Indiana Territory, 1800.
Under the Constitution. Jonathan Jennings, elected 1816 | James B. Ray, William Hendricks,
OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION. The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected by the people for a term of three years, and may be once reëlected. At every election of Governor, a Lieutenant Governor is also chosen, who is President of the Senate, and on whom, in case of the death, resignation, or removal of the governor, the powers and duties of governor devolve.
The legislative authority is vested in a General Assembly, consisting of a Senate, the members of which are elected for three years, and a House of Representatives, elected annually.
The number of representatives can never be less than 36, nor more than 100; and they are apportioned among the several counties according to the number of white, male inhabitants above 21 years of
The number of senators, who are apportioned in like manner, cannot be less than one third, nor more than one half of the number of representatives.
The representatives and one third of the members of the senate, are elected annually on the first Monday in August; and the Governor is chosen on the same day, every third year.
The General Assembly meets annually (at Indianapolis) on the first Monday in December.
The right of suffrage is granted to all male citizens of the age of 21 years or upwards, who may have resided in the state one year immediately preceding an election.
The judiciary power is vested in one Supreme Court, in Circuit Courts, and in such other inferior courts as the General Assembly may establish. The Supreme Court consists of three judges ; and each of the Circuit Courts consists of a president and two associate judges. The judges are all
appointed for the term of seven years. The judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the governor, with the consent of the Senate ; the presidente of the Circuit Courts, by the legislature; and the associate judges are elected by the people.
GOVERNMENT. James B. Ray, Governor; (term of office expires the first week in December, 1831;) salary $1,000.
Milton Slapp, Lieutenar Governor; pay $2 a day during the session of the General Assembly.
Members of the Senate. Daniel C. Lane (deceased.) John De Pauw
John Sering John Daniel
John M. Lemon William C. Linton Thomas Givens
Stephen C. Stevens Joseph Orr John Ewing
James Gregory David Robb Amaziah Morgan
Calvin Fletcher The present number of senators is 23; representatives, 62. Speaker, Ross Smiley. Pay of the members of both Houses $2 a day each.
JUDICIARY. Judges of the Supreme Court ; James Scott, Jesse Holman, and Isaac Blackford. Salary of each $700.
President Judges of the Circuit Courts ; John R. Porter, John Law, J. R. E. Goodellet, John F. Ross, B. F. Morris, Miles C. Eggleston, and Charles Test. Salary of each $700.—The Associate Judges receive each $2 a day.
EDUCATION. A college has been established at Bloomington, and one 36th part of the public lands has been appropriated for the support of schools.
This country was explored by La Salle, an enterprising French traveller, in the latter part of the 17th century; and French settlements were formed at Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and some other places. Though these settlements flourished, in some degree, for a time, yet they never became very important; and at the peace of Paris, in 1763, the country to the east of the Mississippi was ceded by France to Great Britain.