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number of senators cannot be less than one third, nor more than one half of the number of representatives.

The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected at the same time with the senators and representatives; and who holds his office for the term of two years, but is not eligible more than six years in any term of eight.

The General Assembly meets (at Nashville) biennially, on the third Monday in September, next following the election and it

may

be called together, if necessary, at other times by the governor.

The right of suffrage is granted to every freeman of the age of 21 years, possessing a freehold in the county where he offers his vote, and to every freeman who has been an inhabitant of any one county in the state six months immediately preceding the day of election.

The judiciary power is vested in such superior and inferior courts, as the legislature may, from time to time, direct and establish. The judges are appointed by a joint ballot of both Houses, and hold their offices during good behavior.

GOVERNMENT.

William Caroll, Governor ; (term of office expires October 1, 1831); salary $2,000.

Senate ;-elected in August, 1829.
Joel Walker, Speaker. John F. Gillespie. John D. Love.
Jared S. Allen.
George Graves.

William Lytle,
David Burford.
James J. Greene.

Abraham McClellan. James Campbell. Joseph Johnson.

Samuel G. Smith. Newton Cannon. Isaac Holman.

John Tipton. Martin Cleaveland. Adam Huntsman.

Jonathan Webster. Henry Fray.

Edward B. Litchfield. Pay of the senators and representatives variable from $1,75 to $2,00 đ day.

JUDICIARY.

Supreme Court of Errors and Appeals.

Salary. Robert Whyte, Judge,

$1,800 John Catron, do.

1,800 Jacob Peck, do.

1,800 Chancellors. Nathan Green, and W. A. Cook.-Salary $1,500 each.

Judges of the Circuit Courts.-Salary $1,300 each.
Samuel Powell.
J. C. Mitchell.

J. C. Hamilton.
Edward Scott.
Thomas Stuart.

Joshua Haskell.

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*** The Bank of the United States has an Office of Discount and Deposit at Nashville.

EDUCATION.

The principal literary seminaries in this state are the Nashville University, at Nashville ; East Tennessee College, at Knoxville; Greenville College, at Greenville; and the Southern and Western Theological Seminary, at Maryville.

XX. KENTUCKY.

THE first permanent settlement of this state was begun on Kentucky river, in 1775, by Colonel Daniel Boone. The country forined a part of the state of Virginia till 1790; and in 1792, it was adroitted into the Union as an independent state.

GOVERNORS.

Isaac Shelby, elected James Garrand, do. Christopher Greenup, do. Charles Scott, do. Isaac Shelby,

do.

1792 | George Madison, elected 1816 1796 Gabriel Slaughter, (act. Gov.) 1816 1804 John Adair, elected 1820 1808 Joseph Desha, do. 1824 1812 | Thomas Metcalfe, do. 1828

OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION.

On the separation of Kentucky from Virginia, in 1790, a Constitution was adopted which continued in force till 1799, when a new one was formed instead of it; and this is now in force.

The legislative power is vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, which together are styled The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

The representatives are elected annually, and are apportioned, every four years, among the different counties according to the number of electors. Their present number is 100, which is the highest number that the Con- . stitution authorizes; 58 being the lowest.

The senators are elected for four years, one quarter of them being chosen annually. Their present number is 38; and they cannot exceed this number, nor fall short of 24.

The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected for four years, and is ineligible for the succeeding seven years after the expiration of

his term of office. At the election of Governor, a Lieutenant Governor is also chosen, who is Speaker of the Senate, and on whom the duties of the Governor devolve, in case of his absence or removal.

The representatives and one quarter of the members of the senate are elected annually by the people, on the first Monday in August; the governor is elected by the people, every fourth year, at the same time ; and he commences the execution of his office on the fourth Tuesday succeeding the day of the commencement of the election at which he is chosen. The polls are kept open three days; and the votes are given openly, or viva voce, and not by ballot.

The General Assembly meets (at Frankfort) annually on the first Mon: day in November.

The Constitution grants the right of suffrage to every free, male citizen (people of color excepted), who has attained the age of 21 years, and has resided in the state two years, or in the county where he offers his vote, one year, next preceding the election.

The judiciary power is vested in a Supreme Court, styled the Court of Appeals, and in such inferior courts as the General Assembly may, from time to time, erect and establish. The judges of the different courts and justices of the peace, hold their offices during good behavior.

EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATURE.

Salary: Thomas Metcalfe, Governor ; (term of office expires in Sept. 1832.) $2,000 John Breathitt, Lieut. Gov. and Speaker of the SenatePay

$4 a day while presiding over the Senate. Thomas T. Crittenden,' Secretary of State,

750 Peter Clay, Auditor of Public Accounts,

1,500 John M. Foster, Register of the Land Office,

1,500 James Davidson, Treasurer,

1,200

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Those in the first column have one year to serve; in the second, 2; in the third, 3 ; and in the fourth, 4. The senators and representatives receive $2 each for every day's attendance, and $2 for every 20 miles' travel.

JUDICIARY.
Court of Appeals.

George Robertson,
Joseph R. Underwood,
Richard A. Buckner,
James W. Denny,

Chief Justice,
Second Judge,
Third

do.
Attorney General, -

Salary.
$ 1,500

1,500
1,500

400

Circuit Courts.
The state is divided into 15 districts for the holding of the Circuit Courts.
The Circuit Judges, who receive a salary of $1,000 each, are as follows.
William P. Roper, 1st District. / William L. Kelly, 9th District.
H. P. Brown,

2d do. Richard French, 10th do. Thomas M. Hickey,

3d do. S. W. Robbins, Ilth do. Daniel Mayes, 4th do. J. L. Bridges,

12th do. Henry Pictle, 5th do. P. I. Booker,

13th do. H. P. Brodnax,

6th do. Alney McLean, 14th do. Benj. Shackleford, 7th do. Joseph Eve,

15th do. Benj. Monroe,

8th do. County Courts are held by justices of the peace, who are paid by fees. Any three justices of the peace may hold a court once in every month, except the month when the Circuit Court is held.

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BANKS,
The Bank of the United States has Offices of Discount and Deposit at
Lexington and Louisville.

There are two banks chartered by the state, namely, the Bank of Kentucky and the Bank of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, at Frankfort, formerly having branches in other places; but they have withdrawn all their branches, and are now winding up their accounts. The state owns a part of the stock of the former of the two banks, and the whole of that of the latter.

TAXES. Amount o taxable property in the state, in lanas, slaves, houses, carriages, &c according to returns made to the auditor, $104,647,736, pay. ing a tax of 64 cents on $100; yielding,

$65,404 83 Tax on studs according to income; 1,375 in number,

4,100 72 Tax on tavern-keepers, $10 each ; 349 in number,

3,490 00 Total tax

$72,995 55

PENITENTIARY AND HOSPITALS. The state Penitentiary, at Frankfort, contained, in September, 1830, 101 convicts. This institution was formerly an expense to the state ; but since 1825, under the management of its present keeper (Mr. Joel Scott), it has more than supported itself.

At Lexington there is a Lunatic Asylum; at Danville, an Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb; at Louisville and Smithland, on the Ohio, Hospitals for sick and disabled boatmen.

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT. A canal about 2 miles long, around the Falls of the Ohio, at Louisville, is in progress, and is expected to be completed before the end of the year 1830. Of the Turnpike Road (macadamized), from Maysville to Lexington, 5 miles are now completed, and the greater part of the remainder is under contract. A rail road is also projected from Lexington to the Ohio.

EDUCATION. j Transylvania University at Lexington (containing, in 1830, 143 undergraduates, 62 in the preparatory department, 200 medical students, and 19 law students), is patronized by the state ; St. Joseph's College, at Bardstown (150 students), by the Catholics ; Centre College, at Danville, by the Presbyterians ; Augusta College, at Augusta (35 students), by the Methodists; Cumberland College, at Princeton, by the Cumberland Presbyterians; and Georgetown College, at Georgetown (36 students), by the Baptists.

· Many years since the state appropriated 6,000 acres of land for the purpose of endowing an academy in each county ; but the appropriations have been, for the most part, so managed, that little public benefit has been derived from them. The legislature has several times taken steps towards introducing a system of common schools ; but nothing effectual has yet been accomplished. A Literary Fund was created, some years since, from a portion of the profits arising from the Bank of the Commonwealth ; but unfortunately the state has of late been annually encroaching upon this Fund to defray the public expenses.

XXI. OHIO.

The first permanent settlement of Ohio was commenced at Marietta, in 1788; in 1789, the country was put under a territorial government, and called the Western Territory, which name was afterwards altered to the Territory Northwest of the Ohio ; and in 1802, it was erected into an independent state.

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