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jurisdiction in all cases where the sum in dispute exceeds $50; and appela late jurisdiction from the courts of the justices of the peace, when the sum exceeds $ 20. They are also invested with criminal jurisdiction, except in the County of Adams, which has a court exclusively of criminal jurisdiction, of which the present judge is John M. Maury : salary $800.
Probate and County Courts. There are in every county a Probate Court and County Court, the judges of which have no salary, but are paid by fees and by an allowance of $3 a day. The County Court is composed of three judges, of which the Probate Judge is the presiding justice. This court has jurisdiction over all offences committed by slaves; and for such trials it is vested with the powers which usually belong to courts of oyer and terminer. It has appellate jurisdiction from the courts of the justices of the peace, when the sum involved does not exceed $ 20.
The Bank of Mississippi, at Natchez, capital $1,000,000. This bank, the only one in the state, has three branches in different places. The dividends for the last six years have been, on an average, more than 11 per cent. per annum.
EDUCATION Jefferson College, at Washington, was established in 1802, and has received liberal endowments in public lands from the federal government. It is pleasantly situated; the buildings are large and commodious ; the course of study is similar to that of West Point; and the number of cadets or students in 1830, was 98.
There are other seminaries in different parts; and althou an interest in education is manifested in the different counties, yet no system of primary schools has been adopted. The state has a Literary Fund amounting, at present, to $27,800, derived from the donation of the general government, rents of lands, three per cent. on all sales of public lands, fines, forfeitures, &c. But no portion of it is available till it shall amount to $50,000.
The whole number of acres of land within this state is computed at 30,206,800, of which 15,700,000 acres are still claimed by the Indians; 11,643,275 were, in 1824, at the disposal of the national government; the remainder being 2,863,525. The tribes of Indians within the chartered limits of the state are the Choctaws, estimated at from 20,000 to 26,000; and the Chickasaws, computed at about 4,000.
THE state of Louisiana comprises the southern part of an extensive country, which was purchased by the United States of France, in 1803, for the sum of $15,000,000.
The river Mississippi was discovered in 1673, by Marquette and Joliette, two French missionaries ; in 1682, the country was explored by La Salle, and named Louisiana, in honor of Louis XIV; in 1699, a French settlement was begun at Iberville; and in 1717, New Orleans was founded.
The country now forming the state of Louisiana, was separated from the rest in 1804, and called the Territory of Orleans ; and in 1812, it was admitted into the Union as an independent state, by the name of Louisiana.
Under the Constitution. Wm. C. C. Claiborne, elected 1812 | Peter Derbigny, elected 1828 James Villere,
[died Oct. 6, 1829.] Thomas B. Robertson, do. 1820 | A. Bauvais, Acting Gov. 1829 H. S. Thibodeaux, Acting Gov. Jacques Dupré, do. 1830 Henry Johnson, elected 1824
OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION. The Constitution of this state was formed in 1812.
The legislative power is vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, both together styled The General Assembly of the State of Louisiana.
The representatives are elected for two years on the first Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday in July. Their number cannot be less than 25, nor more than 50; and they are apportioned according to the number of electors, as ascertained by enumeration every four years.
The members of the Senate are elected for four years; one half being chosen every two years, at the time of the election of the representatives. The state is divided into 16 senatorial districts, in each of which one senator is chosen.
The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected for the term of four years. The people give their votes for a governor at the time and place of voting for representatives and senators; and on the second day of the succeeding session of the General Assembly, the two Houses, by a joint ballot, elect for Governor, one of the two candidates who have the greatest number of votes. The Governor's term of office commences on the fourth Monday succeeding his election.
The General Assembly meets (since 1829, at Donaldson or Donaldsonville) annually, on the first Monday in January; except in the years of the election of President of the United States, when it meets on the 3d Monday in November.
The right of suffrage is possessed by every white, male citizen of the United States, of the age of 21 years, who has resided in the county in which he offers to vote one year next preceding the election, and who in the last six months prior to said election has paid a state tax.
The judiciary power is vested in a Supreme Court, which possesses appellate jurisdiction only, and such inferior courts as the legislature may establish. The judges are appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and hold their offices during good behavior.
GOVERNMENT. Jacques Dupré, Acting Governor. [In July, 1830, A. B. Roman received a plurality of votes for Governor; election to take place in January, 1831.) Governor's salary $7,500. G. A. Waggoman, Secretary of State. Alonzo Morphy, Attorney General. F. Gardere,
Treasurer. Louis Bringier, Surveyor General.
D. B. Morgan, St. Tammany.
Bossier, Natchitoches. S. Hiriart, Iberville Co.
Jacques Dupré, Opelousas. L. Chenevert, Point Coupee. G. Chrétien, Attakapas. J. Bossier, Gerinan Coast. J. Kerr,
Concordia. D. Randall, Acadia.
J. A. Smith, Feliciana. A. Leblanc, La Fourche Co. Isaac Thomas, Rapides.
The present number of representatives is 50. Pay of the members of both Houses, $4 a day each, during attendance.
5th District. } 1st District. Isaac Baldwin
Henry A. Bullard, 6th do. Benjamin Winchester, 2d do. I. H. Overton,
7th do. Charles Bushnell, 3d
Clark Woodruff, 8th do. Lewis Esnault,
4th do. The Supreme Court sits in the city of New Orleans, for the Eastern District of the state, during the months of November, December, January,
February, March, April, May, June, and July; and for the Northern District, at Opelousas and Attakapas, during the months of August, September, and October. The District Courts, with the exception of the courts in the First District, hold, in each parish, two sessions during the year, to try causes originally instituted before them, and appeals from the Parish Courts. The Parish Courts hold their regular sessions in each parish on the first Monday in each month. The courts in the First District, composed of the District, Parish, and Criminal Courts, and Courts of Probate, are in session during the whole year, excepting the months of July, August, September, and October, in which they hold special courts when necessary.
Capital. Bank of Louisiana,
New Orleans, $4,000,000 Consolidated Association of the Planters of
Louisiana Bank, at New Orleans, with branches at Baton Rouge, Donaldson,
2,000,000 Opelousas, Alexandria, and St. Francis
ville, ($200,000 each) Louisiana State Bank
2,000,000 Bank of Orleans
$8,500,000 * The Bank of the United States has an Office of Discount and Deposit at New Orleans.
SUGAR CANE. Louisiana has invested in the cultivation of the sugar cane about $30,000,000. Assuming 50,000 hhds. as an average crop, the sugar and molasses will give about 10 per cent. on the amount of capital employed. From this, however, various expenses are to be deducted, which will reduce the net profit to about 5 per cent.
COMMERCE OF NEW ORLEANS.
1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829
319 1,210 470 1,533 3,097 2,868 4,562 6,191 5,299 2,795 5,972 13,472
2,130 2,926 4,561 3,860 3,995 732 1,242 1,203 1,792 5,622 5,405
295 503 560 603 770 795 12,609 18,411 7,740 13,412 19,987 15,210 142,575 206,993 251,983 337,934 298,042 269,571 1,501 3,737 3,030 11,171
4,365 5,557 4,727 3,420 729 1,827 498 6,849
72,563 143,373 79,973 89,876 91,88 100,929 140,546 129,094 131,096 152,593 157,323 18,210 34,373 51,053
85,865 115,535 110,206 45,454 58,479 86,242 | 106,405 183,712 146,203
191 622 708 1,723 2,637 2,940 3,863 4,820 11,693 4,169 3,160 6,215
168 396 161 253 155 159 2,573 18,409 19,385 21,704 | 30,224 29,432 647 1,332
1,862 6,442 648 4,239
Exports of Cotton in Bales, from New Orleans, Savannah, Charleston,
Mobile. 1829 207,868 205,959 108,752 58,780 1830 302,852
199,803 186,067 71,518
510,720 405,762 294,819 120,298 The number of steam-boats built, to run upon the Mississippi and its numerous tributaries, from 1811 to the early part of the year 1830, is stated at 336; the number actually running in 1830, 213.
EDUCATION There are colleges at Jackson and New Orleans. In 1827, the legislature made a grant to each parish in the state of $2,625 to every voter, to be applied to the education of the indigent; the amount for any one parish not to exceed $1,350, nor to fall short of $800. In consequence of this act nearly $ 40,000 are annually appropriated to the education of the poor.
THE earliest settlements in this state were made between the years 1765 and 1770, by emigrants from North Carolina and Virginia.
The country was included within the limits of North Carolina till 1790, when it was placed under a separate territorial government, under the name of the “ Territory South of the Ohio”; and in 1796, the inhabitants formed a Constitution, and Tennessee was admitted into the Union as an independent state.
Wm. Blount, Governor of the Territory South of the Ohio, appointed 1790.
Under the Constitution.
do. 1801 William Caroll, do. 1821
1827 Wilie Blount, do. 1809 William Caroll, do. 1829
OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION.
The legislative authority is vested in a General Assembly, consisting of a Senate and House of Representatives ; and the members of both houses are elected biennially on the first Thursday and Friday in August.
The number of representatives is 60, who are apportioned among the different counties according to the number of taxable inhabitants. The