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The Amended Constitution, on being submitted to the legal voters of the state, was ratified by a majority of 10,492 votes, as appears by the following statement.
Against. Votes in Trans-Alleghany District,
2,123 11,289 Valley District,
3,842 2,097 Middle District,
12,417 1,086 Tide-water District,
26,055 15,563 [The first election of members of the House of Delegates and of the Senate, under the Amended Constitution, is to take place on the several court-days throughout the month of October, 1830, in the several counties and boroughs; and the first General Assembly is to convene at Richmond on the first Monday in January, 1831.]
By this Constitution the legislative power is vested in a Senate and a House of Delegates, which are together styled The General Assembly of Virginia.
The House of Delegates consists of 134 members, chosen annually; 31 from the 26 counties west of the Alleghany mountains; 25 from the 14 counties between the Alleghany mountains and Blue Ridge ; 42 from the 29 counties east of the Blue Ridge, and above tide-water; and 36 from the counties, cities, towns, and boroughs lying upon tide-water.
The Senate consists ot 32 members, 13 from the counties west of the Blue Ridge, and 19 from the counties, cities, towns, and boroughs east thereof. The senators are elected for four years; and the seats of one fourth of them are vacated every year. In all elections to any office or place of trust, honor, or profit, the votes are given openly, or viva voce, and not by ballot.
A reäpportionment for representation in both houses, is to take place every ten years, commencing in 1841, until which time there is to be no change in the number of delegates and senators from the several divisions ; and after 1841, the number of delegates is never to exceed 150; nor that of the senators, 36.
The executive power is vested in a Governor elected by the joint vote of the two houses of the General Assembly. He holds his office three years, commencing on the 1st of January next succeeding his election, or on such other day as may be, from time to time, prescribed by law; and he is ineligible for the three years next after the expiration of his term of office.
There is a Council of State, consisting of three members. elected for three years, by the joint vote of the two houses; the seat of one being vacated annually. The senior counsellor is lieutenant governor.
The judges of the Supreme Court of Appeals and of the Superior Courts are elected by a joint vote of both houses of the General Assembly, and
hold their offices during good behavior ; or until removed by a concurrent vote of both houses ; but two thirds of the members present must concur in such vote, and the cause of removal be entered on the journals of each house.
The right of suffrage is extended to every white male citizen of the Commonwealth, resident therein, aged 21 years and upwards, who is qualfied to exercise the right of suffrage according to the former Constitution and laws ;-or who owns a freehold of the value of $25; or who has a joint interest to the amount of $25 in a freehold ;-or who has a life estate in, or reversionary title to, land of the value of $50, having had been so pos. sessed for six months; or who shall own and be in the actual occupation of a leasehold estate, having the title recorded two months before he shall offer to vote of a term originally not less than five years, and of the annual value or rent of $ 200 ;-or who for twelve months before offering to vote, has been a house-keeper and head of a family, and shall have been assessed with a part of the revenue of the Commonwealth within the preceding year, and actually paid the same.
The Term of the present Executive and Legislative Government will expire on the 1st Monday in January, 1831.
William F. Pendleton, Guy R. C. Allen,
John H. Christian, [The sum of $8,000 is annually divided among the counsellors, $1,000 to each.]
Salary. Wm. H. Richardson, Clerk of the Council and Keeper of the Public Seal,
$1,320 John W. Pleasants, Assistant Clerk of the Council,
1,000 John Robertson, Attorney General,
1,000 Lawson Burfoot, Treasurer of State,
2,000 James Heathe, Auditor,
2,000 James Brown, Jun. Second Auditor,
1,800 William Selden, Register of the Land Office,
1,500 Samuel P. Parsons, Keeper of the Penitentiary,
2,000 Thomas Nelson, Penitentiary Store Keeper,
1,500 Bernard Peyton, Adjutant General,
500 William C. Holt, Speaker of the Senate. Linn Banks, Speaker of the House of Delegatès.
The number of members of the existing Senate is 24; and of the House of Delegates, 214, two from each of the 105 counties, and one from each of two cities, and two boroughs. The Senators and Delegates receive $4 a day, and 20 cents a mile for travel; the Speaker of each house, $8 a day.
The offices of all the following Judges of the Supreme Court of Appeals,
of the General Court, and of the Superior Courts of Chancery, will expire at the termination of the session of the first legislature under the new Constitution.
Supreme Court of Appeals.
Francis T. Brooke,
Salary. $2,500 2,500 2,500 2,500 2,500
Superior Courts of Chancery.
Salary. Creed Taylor, Judge of the District of Richmond & Lynchburg, $1,667 William Brown, do. do. Williamsburg & Fred'burg, 1,667 H. St. G. Tucker, do. do. Winchester & Clarksburg, 1,667 Allen Taylor,
do. do. Staunton, Wythe, & Greenb'r. 1,667
Judges of the General Court, who are also Judges of the Superior
Courts of Law held in each county. Robert White,
R. E. Parker, Archibald Stuart,
John T. Lomax,
Lewis Summers, William Brockenbrough, Fleming Saunders, A. P. Upshur, Peter Johnson,
R. H. Field, Daniel Smith,
John F. May. These judges receive each a salary of $1,500, and $3 for every 20 miles' travel on the circuit.
Hospitals and Penitentiary. There are two Lunatic Hospitals, one at Williamsburg, to which an annual appropriation of $12,000 is made, and which has 57 patients ; the other at Staunton, which has an annual appropriation of $7,500, and 40 patients. The Penitentiary, established at Richmond in 1800, has received, since its foundation, 1,584 convicts. The number in confinement; on the 30th of September, 1829, was 151.
BANKS IN 1880.
Capital. Bank of Virginia (incorporated 1804), at
Richmond, $ 1,180,000 Petersburg 500,000
Norfolk, 460,000 With Branches at
Lynchburg, 300,000 Net profit during 1829, 6270 per cent.
Total $2,740,000 Farmers' Bank of Virginia (incorporated 1813), at Richmond, $487,500
Danville, 50,000 Net profit in 1829, 6% per cent.
Total $2,000,000 Bank of the Valley, at
Total $690,000 North-western Bank at
Wheeling, $177,000 The Bank of the United States has an office of Discount and Deposit at Richmond and Norfolk.
The notes of all the banks in the state are receivable in the payment of taxes, so long as they pay specie.
INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT. The state has a permanent fund devoted to the purposes of internal improvement of $1,418,961 11; and a disposable fund of $681,630 00 ; total $2,100,591 11; [of this about $475,000 is at present unproductive.] Annual income from both funds $121,836 75. This fund is managed by 13 directors, styled the Board of Public Works, 10 of whom are chosen annually by the legislature, 3 from the Trans-Alleghany District, 2 from the Valley District, 3 from the Middle District, and 2 from the Tide-Water District. The governor, treasurer, and first auditor of the state are, ex officio, members. In all canals and roads authorized by the state, this Fund contributes three fifths of the stock. The Board meets annually on the first Monday in January, and the members are paid $4 a day, and 20 cents a mile for travel.
The following Incorporated Companies have received aid from the Fund. Capital. Tolls.
Capital. Tolls. Upper Appomattox Co. 61,100 3,265 Cartersville Bridge, 22,600 Lower Appomattox Co. 40,000 156 Dismal S’mp Canal Co. 360,000 11 568 Ashby's Gap Turnp. Co. 130,050 7,362 | Fauquier & Alex. Tp. Co. 86,000 2,721
Capital. Tolls. Fairfax Turnpike Co. 13,750
Roanoke Nav. Co.
412,000 548 Lynchburg & Salem l''p Co. 103,900 6,281 Staunton & Ja's R. T'p. Co. 50,000 4,495 Leesburg Turnpike Co. 84,000 2,894 Shepp't. & Smith'd T'p. Co. 46,686 618 Little River Turnp. Co. unk'n. 20,225 Snicker's Gap T'p. Co. 85,275 3,222 Manchester & Pet'g T'p Co. unk'n. 18,119 Swift Run Gap T'p. Co. 119,800 4,070 Rappahannock Nav. Co. 50,000 Tye River T'p. Co.
6,000 66 Richmond Dock Co. 250,000 19,535 | Wells'g & Wash'n. T'p. Co. 16,650
The James River Company. The sum expended on the James River, the Kenawha River and the turnpike road, including the expenses of superintendence, &c. amounts to $1,274,583 96, of which the sum of $638,883 86 has been laid out on the Lower James River Canal- $365,207 02, on the Mountain Section of the Canal— $57,389 81, on the Kenawha river, and $ 171,982 49 on the turnpike road and bridges, from Covington to the Kenawha. Under the act of a late session of the legislature extending the Kenawha road, loans have been effected for $50,000, and contracts entered into for $51,937 50, on account of which $ 500 only have as yet been paid. The interest on the sums expended and borrowed amounts to $71,673 50, and exhibits the fact that the annual disbursements on that account exceeded the annual receipts by $37,727 26. This deficiency is paid out of the general income of the fund for internal improvements, and sensibly paralyzes the strength of that once productive and most valuable fund.
The whole capital employed in internal improvement, exclusive of that belonging to the Manchester and Petersburg Turnpike Company and Little River Company, amounts to $3,263,811.
The United States contributed $200,000 of stock belonging to the Dismal Swamp Canal Company; and North Carolina contributed $30,000 of the stock of the Roanoke Navigation Company.
The principal literary institutions of this state are the University of Virginia, at Charlottesville ; William and Mary College, at Williamsburg; Hampden-Sydney, in Prince Edward County; and Washington College, at Lexington.
This state has a Literary Fund, created in 1809, and amounting, in available capital, according to a late report, to $1,233,522 97. All escheats, confiscations, and derelict property; also all lands forfeited for non-payment of taxes, and all sums refunded by the national government, for the expenses of the late war, have been appropriated to the encouragement of learning. Of the interest of the Fund, $15,000 are annually appropriated to the University of Virginia, and $ 45,000 to the education of the poor in the respective counties. This sum is divided among the counties according to the ratio of white population; and the court of each