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by law, that every white male inhabitant, who shall be over the age of 21 years, and shall have paid a tax, shall be considered worth fifty pounds, and entitled to vote ;-and by another legislative act, females and negroes are prohibited from voting.]

The judges are appointed by the Legislature, those of the Supreme Court for a term of seven years, and those of the inferior courts, for five years ; both are capable of being reäppointed.

Government for the year ending November, 1830. Peter D. Vroom, Jun. Governor; salary $2,000, and fees of office as Chancellor of the state ex officio.

Edward Condit, Vice-President of the Legislative Council. Pay during attendance, $3,50 a day.

Daniel Coleman, Secretary of State, and Auditor. Salary $50, and perquisites.

Charles Parker, Treasurer. Salary $1,100.
Samuel L. Southard, Attorney General. Salary $ 80.
John Wilson, Clerk in Chancery. Pay, perquisites.

The members of the Legislative Council and the General Assembly, receive $3 for each day's attendance, and $3 for every 20 miles' travel.

Supreme Court.

Charles Ewing,
Chief Justice,

1,200 Gabriel H. Ford, Associate Justice,

1,100 George K. Drake,


1,100 Zacariah Rossel,

Clerk of the Supreme Court. The judges of the Inferior Courts are appointed by the Legislature. Their number is not limited, and they have no salary.


Cumberland Bank,

Bridgetown, Salem Banking Company,

Salem, State Bank,

Camden, Farmers' Bank of New Jersey, Mount Holly, Trenton Banking Company,

Trenton, New Brunswick Bank,

N. Brunswick, State Bank,

N. Brunswick, State Bank,

Elizabeth, State Bank,

Newark, Newark Banking and Insurance Co. do. Commercial Bank of New Jersey, Perth Amboy, Washington Bank,

Hackinsack, People's Bank,

Paterson, State Bank,

Morris, Sussex Bank,

Newton, Farmers and Mechanics' Bank, Rahway, Orange Bank,

Orange, Morris Canal and Banking Company, Jersey City,

Capital | Capital autho'd. paid in. 200,000, 50,025

75,000 30,000 800,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 600,000 214,740 200,000 90,000 400,000 88,000 200,000 132,550 400,000 280,000 800,000 350,000 100,000 30,000 200,000 90,460 200,000 75,000 200,000 78,440 100,000 27,500 100,000 30,000 100,000 50,000 |200,000

EDUCATION. There are colleges and theological seminaries at Princeton and New Brunswick, and academies at various places.

This state has a School Fund which amounted, in October 1829, to $245,404 47, which is all in productive stocks, yielding an interest, on an average, of about 5 per cent. A tax of half of one per cent. on the amount of the capital stock of the several banks subscribed and paid in, is also appropriated to this fund; and the whole annual income is about $22,000. By a law passed, in 1829, $20,000 were annually appropriated to the support of common schools out of the income of the fund.


PENNSYLVANIA was granted by Charles II. by a Charter signed on the 4th of March, 1681, to the illustrious William Penn, who was constituted the proprietary of the province. In 1682, William Penn, together with about two thousand settlers, most of whom, like himself, belonged to the society of Friends or Quakers, arrived in the country ; and in the following year he laid out the plan of the city of Philadelphia. He established a friendly intercourse with the Indians, which was not interrupted for more than seventy years.

From the beginning of the 18th century till the commencement of the American Revolution, the government was generally administered by deputies appointed by the proprietaries, who mostly resided in England.


Under the Proprietary Government.

Appointed. WILLIAM Penn, Prop. & Gon. 1682 James Logan, President, 1736 Thomas Lloyd, President, 1684 George Thomas, Dep. Gov. 1738 John Blackwell, Dep. Gov. 1688 Anthony Palmer, President, 1747 Benj. Fletcher,


1693 James Hamilton, Dep. Gov. 1748 William Markham, do. 1693 Robert H. Morris, do. 1754 WILLIAM Penn,

1699 William Denny, do. 1756 And'w Hamilton, Dep. Goo. 1701 James Hamilton,

1759 Edward Shippen, President, 1703 John Penn,

1763 John Evans,

Dep. Gov.

1704 James Hamilton, President, 1771 Charles Gooking do. 1709 Richard Penn,

1771 Sir Wm. Keith,

1717 John Penn,

Gov. 1773 Patrick Gordon, do, 1726 The Proprietary Gov't ended 1776



Presidents under the First Constitution. Thomas Wharton, elected 1777 John Dickinson, Joseph Reed,

do. 1778 Benjamin Franklin, William Moore,

- do.

1781 Thomas Mifflin,

elected 1782 do. 1785 do. 1788

Governors under the New Constitution.

Thomas Mifflin, Thomas McKean, Simon Snyder, William Findlay,

elected 1790 | Joseph Hiester,
do. 1799 J. Andrew Shulze,
do. 1808 George Wolf,


elected 1820 do. 1823 do.


OUTLINES OF THE CONSTITUTION. The first Constitution of Pennsylvania was adopted in 1776 ; the present Constitution in 1790.

The legislative power is vested in a General Assembly, consisting of a Senate and House of Representatives.

The representatives are elected annually on the second Tuesday in October, by the citizens of Philadelphia and of the several counties, apportioned according to the number of taxable inhabitants. The number cannot be less than 60, nor more than 100.

The senators are chosen for four years, one fourth being elected annually, at the time of the election of the representatives. Their number cannot be greater than one third, nor less than one fourth of the number of the representatives.

[In 1829, it was enacted by the General Assembly, “ that until the next enumeration of taxable inhabitants, and an apportionment thereon, the senate, at a ratio of 7,700 [taxable inhabitants), shall consist of 33 members” ; and “the House of Representatives, at a ratio of 2,544,, shall consist of 100 members.”—The following stateinent shows the representative number, and the number of members of the legislature, at different periods. Ratio. Senators.

Ratio. Representatives. 1793 to 1800 24

78 1800 - 1807 4,670 25

1,350 86 1807 “ 1814 4,500 31

1,500 95 1814 • 1821 5,250 31

1,750 97 1821 6 1828 6,300 33

2,100 100 1828 • 1835 7,700 33


100.] The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected by the people on the second Tuesday in October, and who holds his office during three years, from the third Tuesday in December next following his election ; and he cannot hold the office more than 9 years, in any term of 12 years.

The General Assembly meets annually (at Harrisburg), on the first Tuesday in December, unless sooner convened by the Governor

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The judicial power is vested in a Supreme Court, in Courts of oyer and terminer and gaol-delivery, in Courts of Common Pleas, an Orphans' Court, a Register's Court, a Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace for each county, and in such other courts as the legislature may, from time to time, establish. The judges of the Supreme Court and the several Courts of Common Pleas, are appointed by the Governor, and hold their offices during good behavior.

The right of suffrage is possessed by every freeman of the age of 21 years, who has resided in the state two years next preceding an election, and within that time paid a state or county tax, assessed at least six months before the election.


The term of the present Governor will expire on the 3d Tuesday in December, 1832; and the terms of the Senators in October, in the years 1830, 1831, 1832, and 1833.

Salary. George Wolf, Governor,

$4,000 Samuel McKean, Secretary of the Commonwealth,

1,600 Alexander Mahen, State Treasurer,

1,400 Daniel Sturgeon, Auditor General,

1,400 Jacob Spangler, Surveyor General,

1,400 Samuel Workman, Secretary of the Land Office,

1,400 Samuel Douglass, Attorney General,

300 & fees.

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1833, S Northampton,

and Wayne.

Senators, with the Expiration of their respective Terms.
William G. Hawkins, Speaker of the Senate.

Stephen Duncan, 1830, Philadelphia Jacob Drumheller,1832, Luzerne, &c.
John H. Powell, 1830, City. Reuben Wilber, 1833, Bradford, &c.
Peter Hay, 1830, Philadelphia
Jesse R. Burden, 1833, ) County. Henry King,

Wm. G. Scott, 1831,

Lehigh, Pike, Benjamin Reiff, 1831, Montgomery. Joshua Hunt, 1830, ? Chester and Jos. B. Anthony, 1831,

{ Lycoming, John Kerlin, 1832, 3 Delaware.

Centre, &c. Matthias Morris, 1832, Bucks. Henry Logan,

2 D. A. Bertolet, 1832, Berks and

Ezra Blythe,

Adams. Jacob Krebs, 1832, 3 Schuylkill. David Fullerton, 1831, Franklin.

Jesse Miller, 1833,

5 Cumberland

{ and Perry. George Seltzer, 1832,

S Dauphin and
Thomas Jackson, 1832,

SHuntingdon ? Lebanon.

and Mifflin. John Ray,

Northum'd &
Jacob M. Wise, 1831,

S Westmore2 Union.


1833;} York and

Samuel Houston, 1832; } Lancaster.

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2 land.

W. G. Hawkins

, 1832; } and Greene. Joseph M. Fox, 1830,


Districts. Daniel Sturgeon, 1830, Fayette. Thomas S. Cunning. Erie, Craw.

ham, 1833,) ford, &c. Thos. Ringland, 1830,

Warren, John Brown, 1831, Alleghany.

&Armstrong Bedford and Moses Sullivan, 1833,

Beaver and


Frederick Smith, Speaker of the House of Representatives. The Senators and Representatives receive $3 for each day's attendance, and 15 cents a mile for travel; the Speaker of each House, $4 a day.

William Piper, 1833, {


Salary. John B. Gibson, Chief Justice,

$2,666 67 Molton C. Rogers, Associate Justice,

2,000 00 Charles Huston, do.

2,000 00 John Ross, do.

2,000 00 do.

2,000 00 William Duane, Prothonotary,

Fees. The judges of the Supreme Court hold Circuit Courts throughout the state, for which they receive, in addition to their salaries, $4 a day while on the circuits.

The jurisdiction of the following two District Courts for Philadelphia and for Lancaster and York counties, is the same as that of the Court of Common Pleas in other counties.

· District Court for the City and Co. of Philadelphia.

Joseph Barnes,
John Hallowell,
Charles S. Coxe,
John Lisle,

President Judge,
Associate Judge,


Salary. $2,000

2,000 2,000

District Court for the Cos. of Lancaster and York.
Ebenezer G. Bradford, President Judge, $1,600

Alexander L. Hayes, Associate Judge, 1,600 The State is divided into the 16 following Districts, for the sessions of the Courts of Common Pleas. The President Judge of the District of Philadelphia has a salary of $2,000, and two Associate Judges $400 each. The President Judge in the other districts have salaries of $1,600, and their associates $200. Districts.

President Judges. 1. Philadelphia,

Edward King. 2. Lancaster and York, .

Walter Franklin. 3. Berks, Northampton, and Lehigh,

Robert Porter.

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