Gambar halaman
PDF
ePub

John Fowler, Hampden Samuel M. McKay, Berkshire
Samuel Lathrop, District. Russell Brown,

District.
Elihu Hoyt, Franklin

Barker Burnell,

Nantucket
Sylvester Maxwell, ) District.

District.
Charles Calhoun,

Clerk.
W. P. Gragg,

Assistant Clerk.

The House of Representatives.
William B. Calhoun,

Speaker.
Pelham W. Warren,

Clerk.
Present number of members 389.
The pay of each member of the Senate and of the House of Representa-
tives, is $2 for each day's 'attendance, and $2 for every ten miles' travel.

JUDICIARY.
Supreme Court.

Lemuel Shaw, of Boston,

Chief Justice, Samuel Putnam, of Salem,

Associate Justice, Sam'l S. Wilde, of Newburyport,

do. Marcus Morton, of Taunton,

do. Perez Morton, of Dorchester, Attorney General, Daniel Davis, of Cambridge,

Solicitor General, Octavius Pickering, of Boston,

Reporter,

Court of Common Pleas. Artemas Ward, of Boston,

Chief Justice, Solomon Strong, of Leominster, Associate Justice, John M. Williams, of Taunton,

do. David Cummins, of Salem,

do.

Salary. $3,500

3,000 3,000 3,000 2,000 2,000 1,000

2,100 1,800 1,800 1,800

Municipal Court of Boston. Peter 0. Thacher,

Judge,

1,200 1. Justices of the Peace have original and exclusive jurisdiction in all civil cases in which the debt or damages demanded do not exceed $20, except where the title to real estate comes in question. They have concurrent criminal jurisdiction as to breaches of the peace, not aggravated in their nature, and in cases of larceny, where the goods stolen do not exceed the value of $5.

2. The Court of Common Pleas has appellate jurisdiction in all civil and criminal cases tried originally before a justice of the peace. It has original and exclusive jurisdiction in all civil, common-law cases, where the debt or damage demanded exceeds the sum of $20; and final jurisdiction where the damages demanded do not exceed $100. Its criminal jurisdiction depends generally on particular statutes. In relation to offen

ces at common law, its jurisdiction includes every thing, where the punishment does not extend to life, member, or banishment, except where the punishment is, by statute, to be administered by the Supreme Court. In case of mortgages and forfeitures annexed to contracts, this court has a concurrent chancery jurisdiction.

3. The Supreme Judicial Court has appellate jurisdiction in all civil cases where the debt or damage exceeds $100, and in all criminal cases originally tried in the Court of Common Pleas or the Municipal Court of the city of Boston. It has concurrent jurisdiction in all criminal cases cognizable by the inferior courts, and original and exclusive jurisdiction in all capital cases. It has also original and exclusive jurisdiction in all cases of alimony and divorce ; and chancery powers in cases of trusts, specific performance of contracts in writing, mortgages, settlement of partner. ship accounts, waste, nuisance, and forfeitures annexed to contracts. It is the Supreme Court of Probate, entertains appeals from the Probate Courts of the counties, and has a general superintending power over all inferior triburials by writ of error, certiorari, quo warranto, &c.

4. The Probate Courts, of which there is one in each county, consisting of a single judge, have original and exclusive jurisdiction in the probate of wills, settlement of estates, and guardianship of minors, idiots, lunatics, &c.

5. There is, in Boston, a court consisting of three justices, styled the Police Court for the city of Boston, and a Justices' Court for the county of Suffolk, which has the same civil jurisdiction as justices of the peace in other counties, and the same criminal jurisdiction as justices of the peace, concurrently with the Municipal Court.

6. There is also in Boston a Municipal Court, consisting of one judge, which has cognizance of all crimes, not capital, committed within the county of Suffolk, and appellate jurisdiction in all criminal cases tried before the Police Court.

BANKS.
The state of the Banks as reported to the General Court in January,

1830.
Capital Bills in

Rate pr. ct. &
Placo.
Name. Stock paid circula Specie. amount of the
in. tion.

last dividend. Ardover, Andover,

100,000 44,252 4,403 79| 3 3,000 Beverly, Beverly,

100,000 35,016 2,366 96 3 3,000 Belchertown, Farmers',

100,000 42,527 422 31 3 3,000 Boston, State,

1,800,000 256,886 59,728 55 21 45,000 Boston, New England, 1,000,000 97,704 37,121 63 3 30,000 Boston, Globe,

1,000,000 255,164 51,595 17 3 30,000 Boston, City,

1,000,000 152,741 19,624 44 21 25,000 Boston, Boston,

900,000 94,441 26,785 03 2ž 24,000 Boston, Massachusetts, 800,000 106,818 66,056 71 23 20,000 Boston, Union,

800,000 108,930 51,796 79 23 20,000 Boston, Manu. and Mec. 750,000 50,790 32,355 03 3 22,500 Boston, North Bank, 750,000 144,25520,3 10 05 31 24,375 Boston, Suffolk,

750,000 192,879/154,313 04 3 22,500

Capital Bills in

Rate pr. ct. &
Place.
Name. Stock paid circula Specie. amount of the
in. tion.

last dividend. Boston, American, 750,000 69,542 35,579 19 34 24,375 Boston, Atlantic,

500,000 29,740 3,718 71 4 20,000 Boston,

Columbian, 500,000 170,031 35,809 30 3 15,000 Boston, Commonwealth, 500,000 106,776 32,913 18 3 15,000 Boston, Eagle,

500,000 100,810 18,717 89 3 15,000 Boston, Washington, 500,000 83,136 14,514 14 10,500 Boston, Franklin, 100,000 57,048 796 96 2 2,750 Brighton, Brighton, 150,000 72,712 2,168 25 2 3,000 Cambridge, Cambridge, 150,000 91,927 5,855 06 31 5,250 Charlestown, Bunker Hill, 150,000 60,5881 7,039 65 4 6,000 Danvers, Danvers,

120,000 104,729 6,620 09 4 4,800 Dedham, Dedham, 100,000 79,180 2,263 69 3 3,000 Falmouth, Falmouth, 100,000 44,490 2,731 86 24 2,250 Gloucester, Gloucester, 120,000 35,076 7,174 86 3 3,600 Greenfield, Franklin, 100,000 77,781 5,327 74 4 4,000 Haverhill, Merrimack, 150,000 66,199 11,581 74 3 4,500 Leicester, Leicester, 100,000 39,702 4,200 40 34 3,500 Lowell, Lowell,

100,000 55,215 1,272 11 3 3,500 Lynn, Lynn Mech's, 100,000 59,804 4,418 05 3 3,000 Marblehead, Marblehead, 120,000 66,831 5,030 98 3 3,600 Mendon, Mendon,

100,000 62,914 2,566 25 4 4,000 Milbury, Milbury,

100,000 17,875 2,068 53 3 3,000 Nantucket, Pacific,

200,000 59,732 6,089 23 3 6,000 Nantucket, Man. and Mec. 100,000 37,5341 3,911 35 3 3,000 Nantucket, Phænix, 200,000 30,747 2,196 73 2 4,000 New Bedford, Bedford Com'l 250,000 77,423 33,233 78 3 7,500 New Bedford, Merchants', 250,000 83,784 9,283 66 3 7,500 Newburyport, Newburyport, 210,000| 43,419 8,712 14 23 5,250 Newburyport, Mechanics', 200,000 60,541 10,649 67 3 6,000 Northampton, Hampshire, 100,000 50,4401 8,550 61 3 3,000 Oxford, Oxford,

100,000 42,070 6,807 08 3 3,000 Pittsfield, Agricultural, 100,000 55,657 4,587 67 34 3,500 Pawtucket, Pawtucket 100,000 15,912 1,572 51 3 3,000 Plymouth, Plymouth, 100,000 64,219 7,836 72 3 3,000 Roxbury, Norfolk,

200,000 99,374 1,171 08 3 6,000 Salem, Asiatic,

350,000 60,900 10,917 30 3 10,500 Salem, Commercial, 300,000 72,215 21,495 00 3 9,000 Salem, Exchange,

300,000 41,672 10,115 61 2 8,250 Salem, Merchants',

400,000 60,384 13,553 45 3 12,000 Salem, Salem,

250,000 34,724 17,231 12 24 6,875 Salem, Mercantile, 200,000 60,230 12,614 09 3 6,000 Springfield, Springfield, 250,000 98,176 4,998 00 3 4,500 Stockbridge, Housatonic, 100,000 51,715 8,592 81| 3

3,000 Sunderland, Sunderland, 100,000 52,360 3,124 15 3 3,000 Sutton, Sutton, 75,000 22,378 124 06

00 Taunton, Taunton, 175,000 55,826 1,640 74 3 5,250 Troy,

Fall River, 200,000 36,039 6,919 27 3 6,000 Uxbridge, Blackstone, 100,000 11,963 3,849 13 3 3,000 Ware, Hampshire Man. 100,000 38,502 4,811 13 3 3,000 Westfield, Hampden, 100,000| 44,104 5,455 78 3 3,000 Worcester, Central, 50,000 34,008 1,138 81

00 Worcester,

Worcester, 200,000 73,063 11,905 99 21 5,000 Yarmouth, Barnstable, 100,000| 44,164 4,843 671 3 3,000

Aggregate of 66 Banks, $20,420,000 14,747,7841 987,210 471 583,125,000 The Bank of the United States has an Office of Discount and Deposit at Boston.

EDUCATION.

The principal literary institutions are Harvard University in Cambridge, connected with which there are medical, theological, and law schools ; Williams College at Williamstown; Amherst College at Amherst; Massachusetts Medical College in Boston connected with Harvard University ; Berkshire Medical Institution connected with Williams College ; the Theological Seminaries at Andover and Newton; Round Hill School at Northampton, Berkshire Gymnasium at Pittsfield, and Mount Pleasant Classical Institution at Amherst. There are also 56 incorporated academies, of which Phillips Academy at Andover, the oldest and best endowed, was incorporated in 1780, and has educated 2,025 scholars.

Common schools are well supported throughout the state. The laws require that every town or district, containing 50 families, shall be provided with a school or schools equivalent in time to six months for one school in a year; containing 100 families, 12 months ; 150 families, 18 months; and the several towns in the state are authorized and directed to raise such sums of money as are necessary for the support of the schools, and to assess and collect the money in the same manner as other town taxés. Each town is also required to choose annually a school committee of 3, 5, or 7 persons, to take the general charge and superintendence of the public schools.

According to the report of the school committee of Boston, in November, 1829, the number of public schools in that city was 80; pupils 7,430; expense for tuition, fuel, &c. $52,500; the estimated rent of school houses, $10,000; making the whole expense amount to $62,500. Private schools in the city, 155 ; pupils 4,018 ; expense of tuition $ 107,702 Total number of schools 235; pupils 11,448 ; expense for tuition, fuel, books, &c. $196,829 25.

V. RHODE ISLAND.

The settlement of this state was commenced at Providence, in 1636, by the celebrated Roger Williams, a minister who was banished from Massachusetts on account of his religious opinions; and in 1638, the settlement of the island of Rhode Island was begun by William Coddington, John Clarke, and others.

In 1643, Mr. Williams went to England, and obtained, in 1644, a Charter, by which the settlement of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations

were united under one government, and which continued in force till 1663, when a new Charter was granted by Charles II., which has ever since formed the basis of the government.

[blocks in formation]

Benedict Arnold, elected William Brenton,

do. Benedict Arnold, do. Nicholas Easton, do. William Coddington, do. Walter Clarke,

do. Benedict Arnold, do. John Cranston,

do. Peleg Sandford, do. William Coddington,

do. Henry Bull,

do. Walter Clarke,

do. [1636 Sir Edmund Andros :

the Charter suspended] Henry Bull, elected John Easton,

do. Caleb Carr,

do. Walter Clarke,

do. Samuel Cranston, do.

1663 | Joseph Jenckes, 1666 William Wanton, 1669 John Wanton, 1672 Richard Ward, 1674 William Greene, 1676 Gideon Wanton, 1677 William Greene, 1679 Gideon Wanton, 1680 | William Greene, 1633 Stephen Hopkins, 1685 William Greene, 1686 Stephen Hopkins,

Samuel Ward,

Stephen Hopkins, 1689 Samuel Ward, 1690 Stephen Hopkins, 1695 Josias Lyndon, 1696 Joseph Wanton, 1698 Nicholas Cooke,

elected

do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do. do.

1727 1732 1734 1741 1743 1745 1746 1747 1748 1755 1757 1758 1762 1763 1765 1767 1768 1769 1775

do.

do. do. do. do. do. do. do.

Since the Revolution.

Nicholas Cooke, William Greene, John Collins, Arthur Fenner, Henry Smith, Isaac Wilborn,

elected 1776 | James Fenner, elected
do. 1778 | William Jones,

do.
do. 1786 Nehemiah R. Knight, do.
do.

1789 William C. Gibbs, do. Act. Gov. 1805 James Fenner,

do. Lieut. Gov. 1806

1807 1811 1817 1821 1824

« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »