« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
FROM SEPT. 1829, To Oct. 1830.
[The figures in the margin designate the day of the month.]
SEPTEMBER. 3. The blockade of the Dardanelles raised. 12. Capitulation of the Spanish Gen. Barradas to the Mexican General
Santa Anna, at Tampico, Mexico. This terminated the expedition to
subdue Mexico after five engagements. 14. A treaty of peace between Russia and Turkey signed at Adrianople. 15. Slavery abolished in Mexico by a proclamation of the President. 15. Died, at Vauitza, Greece, Gen. Dantzel, commander of the Greek army, 15. Died, at Dublin, Ireland, James Hamilton, the inventor of the Hamilto.
nian method of instruction. 20. The treaty of Adrianople ratified by the Porte. 22. Peace concluded between Colombia and Peru. 24. A victory gained by the Greeks, under Gen. Ypsilanti, over the Turks
near Petria in Livadia. 26. Revolution in Buenos Ayres. . The government restored to those from
whom it had been wrested by Lavalle. 26. Venezuela separates itself from the Republic of Colombia, and declares itself independent. Gen. Paez placed at the head of affairs.
OCTOBER 5. A Convention of ninety-six Delegates assemble at Richmond, Virginia,
to amend the Constitution of that state, or to frame a new one. 6. Died, in Louisiana, Peter Derbigny, governor of the state. 10. The treaty of peace with Colombia ratified by the government of Peru. 11. Adrianople evacuated by the Turks. 12. Don Miguel acknowledged by Spain legitimate sovereign of Portugal. 16. Arrival of the Empress Amelia Eugenia in Brazil. 17. The Chesapeake and Delaware Canal opened. 18. Died, at New York, Wm. Harris, D.D., Principal of Columbia College.
NOVEMBER. 9. Separation of Yucatan from the Mexican Republic, and union with the
Republic of Central America. 11. A. Wylie, D. D. inaugurated President of Indiana College. 16. The Province of Conception declares itself independent of Chili. 24. Great fire at Camden, S. C. Loss estimated at $150,000. 26. Colossal statue of Washington placed on the Monument in Baltimore. 26. Died, at Philadelphia, Bushrod Washington, of Mount Vernon, Virginia,
one of the judges of the Supreme Court of the U. S.; aged 71. 26. Great ioundation of the Nile in Egypt begins ; about 31,000 perish.
DECEMBER 4. Commencement of a Revolution in Mexico. The Vice-President,
Bustamente, issues a proclamation against the government of Guerrero,
demanding the resignation of his extraordinary powers. 4. Abolition of the Suttee Rite in Hindostan by the English government. 5. Gen. Rosas elected President of Buenos Ayres in place of Gen. Lavalle.
7. Commencement of the first session of the twenty-first Congress. 11. A great fire in Cincinnati, Ohio. 12. Died, on a journey to Kentucky, William Stoughton, D.D., formerly
President of Columbian College. 13. The Russian ship St. Nicholas explodes at Ismael. 14. Commencement of the civil war in Chili. Battle between the armies
under Generals Luctra and Prieto, in which the latter was defeated. 19. Gen. Gamarra elected President, and Fuente Vice-President of Peru. 22. The 209th anniversary of the Landing of the Pilgrims celebrated at
Plymouth. Oration by Wm. Sullivan, LL.D. 22. Died, in New York, John M. Mason, D.D.; aged 60. 23. Gen. Guerrero resigns the Presidency of Mexico.
The new government settled under Bustamente, the former Vice-President. 24. A proclamation issued by General Bolivar convoking a Constituent
Congress at Bogotá, to form a Constitution for Colombia. 24. Venice made a free port.
JANUARY. 7. Died, in London, Sir Th. Lawrence, President of the Royal Academy. 7. Death of the Queen of Portugal; aged 54. 13. Great fire at New Orleans. Loss estimated at $300,000. 13. Mr. Foot's Resolution respecting the further survey of the public
lands, which gives rise to an animated discussion in the U. S. Senate. 14. The amended Constitution of Virginia adopted by the Convention. 20. Gen. Bolivar issues a proclamation resigning his military and political
offices. The Constituent Congress consisting of forty-seven Deputies assemble at Bogotá, of which Gen. Sucre is chosen President, and Bishop Esteves, Vice-President. The object of the Congress was, to form a Constitution for Colombia conformable to the spirit of the age,
and the condition of the people ; and to elect officers of Government. 22. The Provincial Parliament of Lower Canada opened at Quebec. 31. Very cold in New England; the thermometer in Boston 61° below 0 at sunrise ; in Bangor, Me., 27° below 0.
FEBRUARY. 4. Meeting of the Parliament of Great Britain. 4. Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg elected Sovereign Prince of Greece
by the plenipotentiaries of England, France, and Russia. 10. Remarkable shower in Union county, Kentucky. 21. A cotton manufactory at Saco, Me., burnt. Loss about $300,000. 22. The petition of the English Jews for the removal of their civil disabili.
ties, presented to the British Parliament. 26. Great fire at Bergen, Norway ; 200 houses destroyed. 27. Died, at Jericho, Long Isl. Elias Hicks, of the Soc. of Friends ; aged 82.
MARCH. 2. Meeting of the French Chambers of Peers and Deputies. 2. Great freshet at Vienna. The Danube rises 23 feet. The suburbs of
the city containing 50,000 inhabitants, inundated. 5. Died, at Raleigh, John S. Ravenscroft, D.D., Bp. of N. C.; aged 58. 9. Died, at Rio de Janeiro, William Tudor, Chargé d'Affaires of the
U. States at the Court of Brazil. 10. Died, at Hagerstown, Md., Chr. Newcomb, Bp. German Methodist Soc. 18. The answer of the French Chamber of Deputies made to the King's
Speech, stating that a concurrence did not exist between the views of the governinent and the wishes of the nation; 221 voting in favor of it, 181 against it.
19. The French Chambers of Peers and Deputies prorogued till Sept. 1. 22. Ovalle elected President of Chili. 22. A violent hurricane in Washington county, Ohio. 23. Peace concluded at Buenos Ayres, between Buenos Ayres, Sante Fe, B1
Entre Rios, and Corrientes. 26. A high tide along the coast of New England. In Boston the water
rose 164 feet, and caused much damage. 27. Died, at Bedford, Pa., John Tod, one of the judges of the Supreme
Court of Pa.; aged 51. 29. Died, in London, Major James Rennel ; aged 88. 30. A violent hurricane in Maury county, Tennessee.
APRIL. 4. Yucatan declares itself independent. 5. The bill to remove the civil disabilities of the Jews, introduced into
the British Parliament. 6. Joseph White, a wealthy merchant, aged 81, assassinated in his bed in Salem, Mass.
19 6. Death of Louis X., Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt; aged 77. 8. Ferdinand VII. of Spain issues a decree abolishing the operation of the
Salic law in the succession to the Spanish Monarchy. 12. Violent earthquakes in Central America; several towns destroyed. 13. The navigation of the Black Sea opened to American vessels. 17. Died, at Philadelphia, Dr. John Godman; aged 32. 20. The Sultan of Turkey accedes to the resolutions adopted by the three
Allied Powers respecting Greece. 21. The boiler of the steam-boat Chief Justice Marshall burst at Newburg,
N. Y. About 15 persons killed. 22. A revolution, headed by Gen. Urdaneta, at Bogotá, Colombia. 25. The new Republican Constitution of Colornbia signed by the members
of the Constituent Congress, and the Executive. 26. Died, at Rome, Mad. Letitia Bonaparte, mother of Napoleon ; aged 85. 27. The city of Guatimala almost destroyed by earthquakes. 27. The bill for removing the Indians passed by the Senate of the United States. Yeas, 27, Days 20.
MAY. 4. The Constituent Congress of Colombia elect Joaquin Mosquera, Presi
dent, and Domingo Cuicedo Vice-President of that Republic. 7. A Treaty between the United States and Turkey signed at Constanti
nople, securing to the United States the free navigation of the Black
Sea and the trade of the Turkish Empire. 11. The Constituent Congress of Colombia, after having formed a republi
can constitution and elected the officers of government, adjourn sine die. 11. Died, at Aberdeen, Scotland, William L. Brown, D.D. Principal of
Marischal College ; aged 76. 16. Great eruption of Mount Etna. Seven new craters were opened and
eight villages destroyed, to which the lava had never before extended. 16. The bill to remove the civil disabilities of the Jews rejected in the
British Parliament by a vote of 288 to 165. 16. Died, at Jedburgh, Scotland, Th. Somerville, D.D. 17. The French Chambers of Peers and Deputies dissolved by the king. 21. Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg resigns the throne of Greece. 24. The bill for removing the Indians passes the House of Representatives
of the United States by a vote of 102 to 97. 25. The ship Boston burnt at sea by lightning.
25. The French expedition against Algiers sails from Toulon, consisting of
11 men of war, 19 frigates, 21 sloops, 15 brigs, 2 steamboats, and 280
transports :-3-1,165 men under the command of Count de Bourmont. 31. End of the first session of the 21st U. S. Congress. 31. A violent tornado in Tennessee. The towns of Shelbyville and
Charlotte almost entirely destroyed. Loss estimated at $100,000. 31. Gen. Flores issues a proclamation at Quito, declaring the south part of
Colombia an independent government.
JUNE. General Sucre assassinated in Colombia about the first of June ; aged 37. 14. The French army lands at the bay of Sidi Feruch, near Algiers. 17. Died, in England, the Earl of Harcourt, a Field-Marshal; aged 87. 18. A trea:y of peace ratified at Monte Video by the Governor, Gen.
Lavalleja and Gen. Rivera, by which the latter acknowledged the
existing government. This terminated the civil war. 19. Battle of Stroueli between the Algerines, Turks, and Arabs, (50,000)
and the French, (25,000), in which the former are defeated. 20. The Algerines defeated by the French near Sidi Khalef. 26. Death of George IV. King of England, at Windsor, in the 68th year of
his age, and the 11th of his reign :-William IV. proclaimed on the 28th. 28. Celebration of the 2d centennial anniversary of the settlement of Charlestown, Mass. Oration by E. Everett.
JULY. 2. Died, at Natchez, Robert H. Adams, senator of the U. S. from Missis
sippi. 5. Surrender of Algiers to the French army after a siege of six days.
Loss of the French in killed and wounded previous to effecting this
conquest 2,400 men; that of the Algerines 10,000. 15. The funeral ceremonies of George IV. of England. 16. Very hot weather (from 16th to 23d) in the Eastern and Middle States. 18. Died, at Peacham, Vt., Prof. Wm. Chamberlain of Dart. Col.; aged 33. 24. British Parliament dissolved by the king. 25. Died, in Boston, Isaac Parker, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of
Mass.; aged 62. 25. Date of the three ordinances of Charles X. of France, dissolving the
newly elected Chamber of Deputies, suppressing the liberty of the press, and altering the law of election, which were published on the 26th, and gave rise to a revolution which terminated in the dethronement of Charles, and the elevation of Louis Philip, Duke of Orleans, to
the throne as King of the French. See pages 290 and 291. 26. Much damage done by a freshet in the towns of Middlebury, New
Haven, and Lincoln, Vermont, caused by the sudden rise of the Otter
Creek, in consequence of heavy rains ; fourteen persons destroyed. 29. Died, at Harrowgate, Eng., J. S. J. Gardiner, D.D. of Boston; aged 65.
AUGUST. 1. Great fire in New Orleans. Loss estimated at $150,000. 7. Violent hurricane in Jamaica, W. I., by which several towns and villages
are destroyed, several lives lost, and much damage done to shipping. 7. The French Chamber of Deputies declare the throne of France vacant,
make various important modifications of the Constitutional Charter,
and call to the throne Louis Philip, Duke of Orleans. 9. Louis Philip, Duke of Orleans, declares his acceptance of the modified
Charter, takes the requisite oath, and is proclaimed King of the French.
9. A treaty of peace concluded between France and Tunis, by which the
commerce of the latter is opened to all nations. A similar treaty was
concluded with Tripoli on the 11th. 14. Died, at Washington, Gen. Philip Stuart, an officer of the revolution. 17. Violent storm along the coast of the Southern and Middle States. 19. The American Institute of Instruction organized at Boston. 23. Louis Philip issues an ordinance restoring their political rights, to those
who were banished from France in 1816, and permitting their return. 25. Insurrection of the Belgians commenced at Brussels. The populace
attacked and destroyed several houses belonging to obnoxious individ
uals, and skirmishes followep between the inhabitants and the troops. 27. Died, at St. Leu, France, Prince Bourbon de Condé; aged 75. 27. A revolution against the government of Colombia - at Bogotá. Battle
between the partizans of the government and its opposers, in which
the latter, commanded by Col. Pincres, are victorious. 29. Insurrection at Antwerp and other towns in the Belgic Provinces. 29. A deputation sent by the citizens of Brussels to lay their grievances
before the King. Van Maanen dismissed from the office of Minister of Justice ; but sometime afterwards reäppointed.
SEPTEMBER 4. Died, at Lynn, Mass., Donald McDonald ; aged 108; b. in Scot. in 1722. 5. Combination of the journeyman printers of Paris against the use of en
gine presses. 6. Insurrection at Brunswick; the Duke, Charles Frederick, sca) after
flees to England, and is succeeded by his brother William. 13. An extraordinary session of the States General of the Netherlands
opened at the Hague, for the purpose of reconciling the Belgians. 15. The Liverpool and Manchester Rail Road opened ; the Rt. Hon. W.
Huskisson killed by the Rocket engine. This work, which was com
menced in 1826, has been completed at the expense of pearly £800,000. 16. Great fire at Gloucester, Mass. Loss estimated at $ 100,000. 17. Celebration of the second Centennial Anniversary of the settlement of
Boston, Mass. Oration by Josiah Quincy, LL.D. 18. Bolivar having been reäppointed, again accepts the office of President of
Colombia. 18. Died, at Richmond, George Hay, judge of the Court of the United
States for the eastern district of Virginia. 20. Died, at Auburn, John H. Hobart, D.D., Bishop of New York. 20. Public meeting at Columbia, S. C., on the subject of “ State Rights." 23. The Royal Troops to the number of about 18,000 under the command
of Prince Frederick, enter Brussels, but obliged to retreat on the 27th. 27. Prince de Polignac, late prime minister of Charles X., accused of high
treason by the French Chamber of Deputies, by a vote of 244 to 47. 28. Peyronnet, Chantelauze, Ranville, Haussez, Capelle, and Montbel, ex. ministers of Charles X., also accused of high treason.
OCTOBER 4. The Independence of Belgium declared by the Central Committee, at
Brussels :—“ The provinces of Belgium violently separated from Hol
land, shall constitute an independent state." 6. Died, at Reading, Pa., Frederick Smith, one of the judges of the
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. 14. Died, at Shawneetown, John McLean, senator of the U. S. from Iinois. 20. A convention of literary men meets at New York on the subject of es
tablishing a new university.