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Age at Ac

cession.

Religion.

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Charles XIV.

King
Sweden

Jan. 26, 1764 Feb. 5, 1818 34 Luth'an Nicholas I. Emperor Russia

July 6, 1796 Dec. 1, 1825 29 Gr. Ch. Frederic VI.

King
Denmark

Jan. 28, 1768 Mar. 13, 1808 40 Luth'an William IV.

do. Great Britain Aug. 21, 1765 June 26, 1830 65 Pr. Ep. William I. do. Netherlands

Aug. 24, 1772 Dec. 3, 1813 41 Ref'md Frederic Wm. III. do. Prussia

Aug. 3, 1770 Nov. 19, 1797 27 Evang'l Anthony do. Saxony

Dec. 27, 1755 May 5, 1827 71 Cath.* Francis

Gr. Duke Mecklenburg-Schw. Dec. 10, 1756 Apr. 24, 1785 28 Luth’an George do.

do. Mecklenburg-Strelitz Aug. 17, 1789 Nov. 6, 1816 37 Augustus do. Oldenburg

July 13, 1783 Day 21, 1829 46 do. Ch. Frederic Duke Brunswick

Oct. 30, 1804 June 16, 1815 11 do. William do. Nassau

June 14, 1793 Jan. 9, 1816 23 Evang'l Ch. Frederic Gr. Duke Saxe-Weimar Feb. 2, 1783 June 14, 1828 45 Luth'an Ernest

Duke Saxe-Coburg-Gutha Jan. 2, 1784 Dec. 9, 1806 22 do. Bernard

do. Saxe-Meiningen Dec. 17, 1800 Dec. 24, 1803 3 do. Frederic

do. Saxe-Altenburg Apr. 29, 1763 Sep. 22, 1780 17 do. Leopold

do. Anhalt-Dessau Oct. 1, 1794 Aug. 9, 1817 22 Evang'l Alexis

do. Anhalt-Bernburg June 12, 1767 Apr. 9, 1796 28 do. Ferdinand

do.

Anhalt-Cothen June 15, 1769 Dec. 16, 1818 48 Cath.* Gunther

Prince Schwartz'g Rudolst't Nov. 6, 1793 Apr. 28, 1807 13 Luth'an Gunther

do. Schwartz'g Sonder'n Dec. 5, 1760 Oct. 14, 1794 33 do. Henry XIX.

do.

Reuss-Elder Line Mar. 1, 1790 Jan. 29, 1817 26 do. Henry LXII.

do.

Reuss-Younger Line May 31, 1785 Apr. 17, 1818 32 do. Leopold do.

5 Ref'md Lippe-Detmold Nov. 6, 1796 Apr. 4, 1802 do.

2 George William

Schauenburg-Lippe Dec. 20. 1784'Feb. 13, 1787 do. George do. Waldeck

Sep. 20, 1789 Sep. 9, 1813 24 Evang'! Louis

Landg’ye Hesse-Homburg Aug. 29, 1770 Apr. 2, 1829 59 Ref'md Ch. Leopold Fred. Gr. Duke Baden

Aug. 29, 1790 Mar. 30, 1830 40 Evang'l William II. Elector Hesse-Cassel July 28, 1777 Feb. 27, 1821| 44 Ref'md Louis

Gr. Duke Hesse-Darmstadt Dec. 26, 1777 Apr. 6, 1830 52 Luth’an Anthony

Prince Hohenzol’n Sigmar'n June 20, 1762 Dec. 26, 1785 23 Cath. Frederic

do. Hohenzol’n Hechin'n July 22, 1776 Nov. 2, 1810 34 do. John Joseph

do.
Lichtenstein

June 26, 1760 Mar. 24, 1805 44 do. William

King Wurtemberg Sep. 27, 1781 Oct. 30, 1816 35 Luth'an Louis do. Bavaria

Aug. 25, 1786 Oct. 13, 1825 39 Cath. Francis Emperor Austria Feb, 12, 1768 Mar. 2, 1792 24

do. Louis-Philip

France

Oct. 6, 1773 Aug. 9, 1830 57 do. Ferdinand VII. do. Spain

Oct, 14, 1784 Mar. 19, 1808 23 do. Miguel do. l'ortugal

Oct, 26. 1802 June 26, 1828) 24 Charles Felix do. Sardinia

Apr. 6, 1765 Apr. 19, 1821 56 do. Leopold II. Gr. Duke Tuscany

Oct. 3, 1797 June 18, 1824 26 Maria Louisa Duchess Parma

Dec. 12, 1791 May 30, 1814 22 do. Francis IV. Duke Modena

Oct. 6, 1779 June 8, 1815 35 do. Ch. Louis

do.
Lucca

Dec. 22, 1799 Mar. 13, 1824 24 do. Pius VII.

Pope

States of the Ch. Nov. 20, 1761 Mar. 31, 1829 67 do. Francis

King Two Sicilies Aug. 19, 1777 Jan. 4, 1825 47 do. Mahmoud II. Sultan Turkey

|July 20, 1785 July 28, 1808 23 Mah'an

King

do.

do.

* The King of Saxony and the Duke of Anhalt-Cothen are Catholics, though the greater part of their subjects are Protestants.

STATISTICAL VIEW OF ALL THE

[From the Weimar Genealogical, Histori.

[graphic]

AREA

POPULATION. EUROPEAN STATES. in English

Protestsquare miles. Catholics.

Greeks. Jews. Total.

ants. 1 Anhalt-Bernburg

334
38,510

390 38,900 2 Anhalt-Dessau

345
1,200 56,800

1,270 59,270 3 Anhalt-Cothen

330
360 34,835

415 35,610 4 Austria *.

258,603 25,650,000 3,000,000 2,970,000 480,000 32,100,500 5 Baden 5,926 730,808 343,173

16,930 1,090,911 6 Bavaria 31,317 2,880,383 1,094,633

57,574 4,032,590 7 Brunswick

1,491
2,500 240,400

1,300 244,200 8 Bremen

68
1,500 50,000

51,500 9 British Empire 117,788 6,085,300 16,197,321

15,000 22,297,621 10 Cracow 494 100,812 19,000

7,288 127,100 11 Denmark 52,268 2,000 2,049,531

6,000 2,057,531 12 Frankfort on M'n

91
6,000 42,800

5,200 54,000 13 France 213,838 31,099,518 892,947

60,000 32,052,465 14 Greece ?

550,000 15 Hamburg

150
3,060 139,440

7,500 150,000 16 Hanover 14,735 200,000 1,370,574

12,000 1,582,574 17 Hesse-Cassel 4,428 105,000 492,300

5,400 602,700 18 Hesse-Darmstadt 3,922 120,000 582,900

16,000 718,900 19 Kesse-Homburg

166
2,931 17,683

1,050 21,664 20 Hoh. Hechingen,

129
15,000

15,000 21 Hoh. Sigmaringen

386
39,600

400 40,000 22 Ionian Islands

998 35,200

800 133,898 5,500 175,398 23 Lichtenstein

51
5,800

5,800 24 Lippe-Detmold

436
1,600 75,118

76,718 25 Lucca. 413 145,000

145,000 26 Lubeck

143
400

400 46,503 27 San Marino

22
7,000

7,000 28 Meck, Schwerin 4,746

957
437,105

3,102

441, 161 29 Meck. Strelitz.

765

50
78,510

97,393 30 Modena 2,092 377,500

1,500 379,000 31 Nassau 1,753 157,638 184,651

5,717 348,006 32 Netherlands. 25,367 3,660,000 3,237,500

80,000 6,977,500 |33 Oldenburg 2,459 70,700 175,538

970 247,208 134 Parma 2,203 437,400

437,400 35 Portugal 36,510 3,782,550

3,782,550 36 Prussia 107,159 4,694,000 7,930,403

154,000 12,778,403 '37 Reuss, elder line

145
24,020

80 24,100 38 Do. younger do.

447
57,470

220

57, 690 39 Russia*

1,414,436 5,500,000 2,658,500 33,326,500 360,000 41,995,000 140 Sardinia 28,912 4,142, 177

3,200 4,167,377 41 Saxony

575 48,000 1,350,000 42 Saxe-Altenburg

2,000 1,400,000 496 150 109,343

109,493 43 Saxe-Cob'g-Gotha 1,036

11,500 130,593

1,200 143,293 44 Saxe-Meiningen

834

400
128,239

950

129,589 45 Saxe-Weimar 1,416 9,512 210,911

1,231 221,654 46 Schauenb. Lippe

206

100
25,500

25,600 47 Sch. Rudolstadt

404
200 56,625

160 56,985 48 Sch. Sonderhausen 358

200
47,906

48,106 49 Sicilies (the Two) 41,284 7,412,717

2,000 7,414,717 50 States of Church 17,210 2,468,940

15,000 2,483,940 51 Sweden. 291,163 5,000 3,869,700

4,000 3,878,700 52 Switzerland. 14,761 817,110 1,217,760

1,810 2,036,680 53 Spain 179,074 13,651,172

13,651,172 54 Turkey* . 203,566 310,000

5,878,000 315,000 9,393,000 55 Tuscany

8,381
1,291,130

9,400 1,300,530 56 Waldeck

459
800 52,700

500 54,000 57 Wurtemberg 7,615 464,000 1,062,253

9,150 1,535,403 Total. 3,104,780 |116,559,075 49,847,495 42,308,398 |1,671,640 213,977,108 * Austria, according to the Weimar Almanac, contains, in addition to the numbers inserted sums in the right-hand column, and also in the sum total.

EUROPEAN STATES, FOR 1828.

cal, and Statistical Almanac for 1830.]

FINANCES.

LAND FORCES. SEA FORCES. GOVERNMENT.

Peace. War. Revenue. Debt. In peace. In war.

Sail. Sail. 1 Absolute Mon.

$ 180,000 240,000 370 740 2 Do.

284,000 200,000 529 1,058 3 Do. 92,000 640,000 324

648 4 Do.

52,000,000 200,000,000 271,104 750,504 31 31 5 Constitutional Mon. 3,932,880 6,392, 424 11,566 20,000 6 Do. do.

12,031,547 44,402,257 53,898 71,600 7 Absolute Mon.

950,773 1,400,000 2,432 4,192 8 Republic 160,000 1,200,000 385

770 9 Constitutional Mon. 228,8-19,600 3,490,896,768 90,519 378,370 610 1,050 10 Republic

133,248

10,000 11 Absolute Mon. 4,080,000 40,000,000

38,819 74,000

120 12 Republic 304,000 3,200,000 475

946 13 Constitutional Mon. 157,700,000

480,000,000 281,000 320,000 329 350 14 ?

2,580

50 15 Republic

600,000 5,200,000 1,050 2,596 16 Limited Mon. 4,680,000 12,000,000 12,940

26,108 17 Absolute Mon. 1,800,000 780,000 9,859

11,353 18 Constitutional Mon. 2,351,456 5,589,450 8,421 12,390 19 Absolute Mon. 72,000 180,000 200

400 120 Do. 48,000

145

290 21 Do. 120,000 200,000 370

740 22 Republic 565,600

1,600 1,600 23 Constitutional Mon. 180,000

55

110 24 Absolute Mon.

196,000 280,000 690 1,380 | 25 Constitutional Mon. 288,000 600,000 800 800 3

3 26 Republic

160,000 1,200,000 406 812 27 Do.

12,000 28 Limited Mon. 920,000 3,800,000

7,160
29
Do.

200,000
200,000

742

1,434 30 Absolute Mon. 600,000 400,000 1,860

1,860 31 Limited Mon.

724,000 2,000,000 2,800 6,056 32 Constitutional Mon. 12,000,000 178,078,670 43,297 69,472 93 150 33 Absolute Mon. 600,000

2,177

4,354 134 Do.

600,000 2,000,000

1,320

1,320 35 Do. 8,740,200 24,000,000

70,000 23 23 36 Do.

30,477,600 114,840,410 165,000 524,428
Do.
56,000 2,000,000

206

412 Do.

160,000 480,000 538 1,076 39 Do.

52,000,000 200,000,000 600,000 1,039,117 12 12 40 Do. 8,740,800 24,000,000 28,000 60,000 8

8 41 Limited Mon.

4,400,000 12,800.000 13,307 24,000 12 Do. 240,000 329,640

982 1,964 43 Do.

360,000 1,200,000 1,366 2,732 44 Do. 300,000 1,000,000 1,150

2,300 45 Constitutional Mon. 719,784 2,400,000

2,164

4,020 46 Absolute Mon.

86,000 120,000 240 480 47 Limited Mon. 130,000 170,922

539 1,078 48 Do. 120,000 160,000

451 902 49 Absolute Mon. 12,593 484 84,000,000 28,436 60,000 12 246 150 Do. 4,800,000 98,000,000

9,100 6

6 51 Constitutional Mon. 7,000,000 17,264,812 45,201 138,569 30 372 52 Confed. Republics 25,509

33,578 53 Absolute Mon. 26,520,000 230,443,062 46,000 173,550 34

60 54 Despotism:

11,200,000 36,000,000 80,000 200,000 80 160 55 Absolute Mon.

8,000 8,000 56 Limited Mon.

160,000 480,000 518 1,036 57 Constitutional Mon. 3,342,818 10,942, 766 4,906 27,910

Total .: 658,847,899 5,341,721,211 1,909,175 4,578,430 1,368 2,641

3,137

40,000

9,100

in the Table, 500 Mahometans; Russia 150,000 ; Turkey 2,890,000, which are included in the

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CHARLES XIV. (formerly Marshal Bernadotte), King of Sweden and Norway; b. Jan. 26, 1764: elected Crown Prince of Sweden, August 21, 1810; succeeded to the throne, on the death of Charles XIII, Feb. 5, 1818; m. Aug. 16, 1798, EUGENIE BERNARDHINE DE CLARY, b. Nov. 8, 1781:Issue:

Joseph Francis Oscar, Crown Prince; b. July 4, 1799; m. June 3, 1823, to Princess Josephine of Leuchtenberg, b. March 14, 1807:— Issue :

1. Charles Louis Eugene, Duke of Scania ; b. May 3, 1826.
2. Francis Gustavus Oscar, Duke of Upland; b. June 18, 1827.
3. Oscar Frederick, Duke of East Gothland; b. Jan. 21, 1829."

GOVERNMENT.

Sweden and Norway, though under the government of one and the same king, who is a limited monarch, have different Constitutions.

The Diet or legislative body of Sweden consists of four orders, 1st, nobles, hereditary; 2dly, bishops, ex officio, and clergy ; 3dly, merchants or citizens; 4thly, peasants or agriculturists. Each body deliberates separately. The Diet has the right of legislation and taxation, and the superintendence of the finances ; but the king has an unconditional veto.

The Council of State, composed of two ministers, six Counsellors of State, the Chancellor of the Court, as permanent members, and reporters (rapporteurs) form the ministry of the king. The two Ministers of State, the Marshal of the Empire, and Lords of the Empire, are the highest officers of the kingdom.

Count de Gyllenborg,
Count de Wetterstedt,

Count de Rosenblad,
Count de Moerner,
Count de Loewenhielm,
Baron de Nordin,
Count de Ugglas,
M. de Schulzenheim,

Council of State.
Minister of Justice.
Minister of Foreign Affairs and of the Department

of the Colonies.
Lord of the Empire, Counsellor of State.
do.

do.

do. do.

do. do.

do. Chancellor of the Court.

do.

$

Reporters (Rapporteurs.) M. de Bergensköld,

Chuncellor of Justice. M. de Kulberg,

Secretary for Ecclesiastical Affairs. M. de Danckwardt,

Secretary for the Home Department. M. de Skogman,

Secretary of Finance and Commerce.
M. de Nordenfalk,

Secretary of War, ad interim.
Major Gen. Count de Brahe, Commander of the Army.
Vice-Admiral M. de Klint, Commander of the Navy.
His Royal Highness, the Crown Prince, Grand Admiral of Sweden, Chief Die

rector of the administration of the Navy, and Grand Master of Artillery. Count de Fleming, Marshal of the Empire, and Head of the Royal Court.

NORWAY. The Constitution of Norway combines the principles of monarchy and democracy. Nobility is abolished, and the legislative body or Diet, called the Storthing, consists of two houses.

The Council of State, composed of the Governor of the kingdom, the ministry of state, and counsellors of state, form the ministry of the kingdom of Norway. The secretaries of state are not members. One part of the ministry, namely the minister of state and two counsellors of state, who change alternately every year, reside at the royal court at Stockholm : the others compose the regency at Christiania.

Part of the Council of State at Stockholm.
M. Löwenskjöld,

Minister of State.
M. Motzfeld,

Counsellor of State.
M. Krog,

do.
M. Due, Secretary of State.

Part of the Council of State at Christiania.
Count de Platen, Governor General of the Kingdom.
M. Collet,

Head of the Departments of Finance, Commerce, and

Customs.
(M. Dirricks, Head of the Department of Religion.
M. de Fasting, Head of the Departments of the Navy and the Army.
M. de Holst, Heud of the Department of Justice and Police.
M. Falbe, Head of the Department de la revision.
M. Vogt,
Stoud Platow,

Secretary of State.

Counsellors

of State.

RUSSIA.

EMPEROR AND IMPERIAL FAMILY. NICHOLAS, Emperor of all the Russias, and King of Poland ; b. July 6, 1796; m. July 13, 1817, ALEXANDRA (formerly Charlotte), daughter of the King of Prussia, b. July 13, 1798; succeeded his brother Alexander, Dec. 1. 1825 :-Issue:

1. ALEXANDER, Hereditary Prince; b. April 29, 1818. 2. · Mary; b. August 18, 1819. 4. Alexandra; b. June 24, 1825. 3. Alga; b. Sept. 11, 1822.

5. Constantine ; b. Sept. 21. 1827.

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Princes of the Blood. Constantine ; b. May 8. 1779; renounced his right to the throne, Jan. 26, 1822, with the consent of the Emperor Alexander, and confirmed his renunciation, Dec. 8, 1825; m. May 24, 1820, June, Princess of Lowicz,

Maria, Princess of Saxe-Weimar; b. Feb. 16, 1786.
Anne, Princess of Orange ; b. Jan. 18, 1795.

Michael; b. Feb. 9, 1793; m. Feb. 20, 1824, Paulina, niece of the King of Wurtemberg, b. Jan. 9, 1807 :—Issue; Maria, Elizabeth, and Catherine.

GOVERNMENT. The government of Russia is an absolute hereditary monarchy; and in the succession to the throne females are pot excluded. The government is con

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