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THE INSTITUTES"sepla Toyu

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DAVID NASMITH, Esq., LL.B.,

OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW;
AUTHOR OF THE CHRONOMETRICAL CHART OF THE HISTORY OF ENGLAND, ETC. ;

JOINT-TRANSLATOR OF ORTOLAN'S HISTORY OF ROMAN LAW

LONDON:
BUTTERWORTHS, 7, FLEET STREET,
Law Publishers to the Queen's most excellent Majestg.

[All rights reserved.]

LONDON : PRINTED BY C. F. HODGSON & son,

GOUGI SQUARE, FLEET STREET.

caus

11-25-29

TO

The Right HONORABLE

SIR WILLIAM BOVILL, Knt., D.C.L.,

LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF HER MAJESTY'S COURT OF COMMON PLEAS,

Nork

IS (BY PERMISSION)

RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED

BY

THE AUTHOR.

PREFACE.

The aim of this work is to give to the reader as succinct and clear a view as possible of the relation in which the State and the English citizen are placed by our Constitutional and Municipal Law relatively to each other. In the first Chapter, therefore, I have endeavoured to explain the philosophy of political union; in the second, to point out the legal principles common to all systems; in the third, to trace the development of our Constitution, and to show the relation now existing between the Crown, the Lords, and the Commons; in the fourth, to explain the relation of our own to other Sovereign States; and in the fifth Chapter, to indicate the various measures that have been adopted, to secure the safety and prosperity of the State regarded as an individual, and of each individual regarded as a member of the State. These several subjects constitute together what may be termed Public Law, as distinguished from Private Law. By Private Law I mean those rules by which citizens are governed in their

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