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act making it the duty of the State assessors Prevention of Crevasses.-The Atchafalaya to make a diligent canvass of their parishes, and and Lafourche levee boards held a joint meeting to write the name, age, sex, residence in ward, in May to decide upon a line of action for the and color of every child in the parish between protection of the Lafourche country from high six and eighteen years. This has been done, and water. The levee boards have made strenuous we have now the total number of children as efforts to protect Bayou Lafourche. Since April, correctly as, we believe, it can be ascertained. 1890, they have built 7,250,000 cubic yards of The school boards of the parishes have paid the levees at an expenditure of $1,010,000, averaging assessors for their work at the rate of 4 cents in a period of nine years $112,000 per annum. per child listed, and the correctness of the lists The bulk of this money has been spent in the has been sworn to by the assessors, and examined last three or four years. In spite of all this, reand all finally approved by the State Board of sults are negative. Crevasses occur on the lower Education. In 1897 the number of children re- bayou as the result of a flood wave even when ported was 434,750; in 1898, 445,509. The pres- there is no flood on the Mississippi river. Exent enumeration gives 402,250, and upon this last cessive flood heights are reached at Raceland and number the present apportionment is made, and Lockport, and all of the lower bayou, when the all apportionments for the next four years will water is still some 5 feet below the top notch be based, unless the General Assembly shall at Donaldsonville, the head of the bayou. A change the law of 1898. The amounts of ap- moderate high water on the river causes a flood portionments of the school fund in 1898 were: below on the bayou, which breaks the levees built March, $151,963; June, $54,343.63; September, at the above-mentioned great expenditure. The $30,432.50; total, $236,739.13. In 1899: February, plan recommended in 1886 by Major Heuer, of $178,203.60; May, $80,191.62; September, $34, the United States Engineer Corps, and adopted 191.25; total, $292,586.47."

by Congress, consists of a system of locks at The State University and Agricultural and Donaldsonville, supplemented by a dredging of Mechanical College opened in the autumn with Bayou Lafourche, so as to render navigation sure. about 300 students, the largest attendance it has Congress, although adopting this plan, only gave ever shown at the beginning of the year.

money sufficient to carry on the dredging. It was Railroads.-A table showing the number of decided at the meeting to ask Congress at the miles of track laid in each State credits Louisiana next session to appropriate money sufficient to with 158.

carry out the plan of placing locks at DonaldsonThe State Railroad Commission, which was pro- . ville; and the boards pledged themselves to devote vided for by the new Constitution, organized, and to this work, in co-operation with Congress, the in March published a set of rules and regula- sums that would otherwise be required, in the tions governing the transportation of passengers absence of the locks, to put the levees in conand freight, the erection and location of depots, dition. and the posting of tariffs. Rules were also estab Water Ways Convention.—The Louisiana lished for governing telegraph and telephone com- Water Ways Association was formed at a meetpanies.

ing held in New Orleans on Dec. 18. More than Cotton.—The cotton acreage of the State this 100 persons were in attendance. M. J. Sanders year is given as 1,179,000 acres. The report of was elected president, S. F. Lewis secretary, and Secretary Hester in September gave the consump- T. J. Woodward treasurer. The following resotion of Louisiana mills at 18,025 bales. An esti- lutions were adopted: mate of the crop placed it at 507,400 bales.

Whereas, Numerous points in Louisiana that Pensions.—The State Pension Board closed its in former years were open to navigation have session March 17, after approving 317 claims, ceased to be accessible to steamers and other making a total of 1,024 claims so far approved. craft, owing to the obstructions which have been A special dispatch says the payment of these pen- permitted to accumulate in many streams; and sions is becoming a problem, and it seems almost whereas, the restoration of these streams to navicertain that next year the rates adopted some gation would open cheap public ways of transmonths ago will be reduced in order to make portation for the products of the farm and the the money go round. There seems to be no end plantation and for the wares of commerce; and to the applications, more than 25 having been whereas, the value, desirability, and productions received during the session of the board, which, of lands bordering upon the now obstructed under the rules, will lie over until its next meet- streams would be increased to an incalculable ing. The president of the board said: “No extent were these streams reopened for free navihigher duty can devolve upon the Confederates, gation; and whereas, the streams of this State singly or in camps, than that of seeing to it that offer unrivaled advantages which it is an offense skulkers, deserters, and those not coming under against natural laws to neglect; and whereas, the intent and requisites of the law shall not the method which has been pursued by the Naobtain a pension, and not deprive deserving ones tional Government of dispersing small appropriaof the small allowance the State is able to ac- tions among these streams, which appropriations cord them. Already the appropriation is ex- are largely absorbed by the way expenses of the hausted, and the board is appalled at the steady dredge and snag boats employed to remove obinflow of applications. Devoting to its labors the structions; and whereas, the work of reopening most painstaking and conscientious scrutiny, it these streams should be prosecuted upon business has felt compelled in the face of the sworn facts principles; be it presented so far in 2,050 applications to grant Resolved. That the Congress of the United 1,024 pensions. That there are undeserving ones States be and is hereby petitioned to inquire into among these is very probable. It is incumbent the expediency of purchasing an adequate fleet not alone on all good soldiers, but also on all of dredge boats, snag boats, and boats equipped good citizens, to see that the State's money is to construct locks and dams, the same to be applied only as intended by the law, which says under the direction of Government engineers and of the pensioner: 'He shall have remained true officers of the army or navy; further, that for to the Confederate States until the surrender,' the operation of such fleet adequate appropriaand he shall be in indigent circumstances and tions should be made, so that once the work of unable to earn a livelihood by his own labor.'restoring a stream to free navigation is commenced such work shall suffer no discontinuance that the “health officer of Texas, who seems to until it shall have been thoroughly completed; be vested with absolute and dictatorial powers be it further

in the matter of declaring and establishing quarResolved, That in furtherance of the preced- antine, has for several successive years entirely ing the police juries of the various parishes be cut off and prohibited all transportation of the and are hereby requested, as soon as practicable, United States mails, of passengers, and of merto furnish to the president of this association in- chandise between the two States of Louisiana formation upon the water courses (the Missis- and Texas," although intercourse with other sippi excepted) in their respective parishes, giv. countries known to be infected was maintained. ing the farthest point ever reached by steamers, About Nov. 6 the quarantine was declared at an the farthest point which, with the aid of locks end, and up to that time the court had not and dams, it would be possible to reach with handed down a decision. steam crafts; the lowest stage of water at the Lawlessness.-A lynching that took place at shallowest places, the nature of existing obstruc- Tallulah in July acquired international signifitions to navigation, and, approximately, the cost cance from the fact that the five men lynched of opening navigation to stated points on the were Italians. The trouble arose about some water courses referred to, and such other infor- goats belonging to one of the Italians. The mation upon this subject-matter as the said police goats were in the habit of sleeping and running juries may deem useful."

on the gallery of Dr. J. Ford Hodge's office and Land Claims.-By a decision of Commissioner residence. The doctor on numerous occasions Hermann, of the General Land Office, the claim requested Frank Defatta to keep his goats shut of the State as to its rights under the swamp up; but Defatta would not do it, and on the indemnity laws was allowed. “By this decision night of the 19th Dr. Hodge shot one of the the State should receive about $35,000 in money, goats on his gallery. In revenge for this Defatta besides land scrip for the swamp lands errone- with four other Italians, two of whom were his ously taken by the Government. The lands cov- brothers, waylaid the doctor on the evening of ered by the decision are swamp lands allowed July 20 and shot and mortally wounded him. to be located by the United States between March The sheriff arrested the men, but they were taken 2, 1849, and March 3, 1857. The State also claimed from him by a mob and hanged to a gallows used cash indemnity for lands sold by the United States for slaughtering beeves. A dispatch from the and granted to the State. The contention of the town said this was "the third outrage committed clerk who drew up the first opinion, which the by this same class. About two years ago Frank commissioner overruled, was that it was the in- Defatta shot and killed a negro for picking up a tention of Congress in the passage of the act of watermelon that Frank had for sale, and about March 2, 1857, to confirm to the State lands in one year ago Joe Defatta shot and killed Pat places fraudulently selected in exchange and in Mathews, landing keeper at Milliken's Bend, as consideration for the retention by the United he was passing his store, in cold blood about a States of all consideration which it had received trivial controversy they had had about some for lands subject to the grant of 1849 and 1850, freight, and was cleared by some technicality of which had been sold and allowed to be located by the law. They had frequently made their boasts the United States prior thereto, save those few that they would do as they pleased, and their particular tracts for which he concedes that the money would clear them." States are entitled to indemnity in the law in The evidence as to whether the men had been question, except that of 1849. The Government naturalized or were still Italian citizens appeared received consideration from the purchasers or to be conflicting. In the absence of the Italian locaters of land located between March 2, 1849, minister, the chargé d'affaires, Count Vinchi, and March 3, 1857, for lands which, though in made investigation. The report of the secretary fact swamp, had not been identified at the time of the embassy seems to have asserted that there of their sale or location."

were no mitigating circumstances, that Dr. Hodge New Orleans.-A State industrial fair was first drew a weapon, and that the first shot fired opened in New Orleans, May 8, with a peace by Defatta was in defense of his fallen brother, jubilee, to celebrate the ending of the war with and not a wanton attack. Describing the affair Spain and the return of the volunteers.

in detail, the report points out that some time New Orleans is the only great city in the coun- after the first two men were lynched the mob try without sewerage, the waste being carried made a second and third visit to the jail, whence off in open gutters. But in June an election was they removed and lynched the three other Italheld to take the vote of the taxpayers on the ians, all of whom, it is contended, were in utter question of improvements in this and other direc- ignorance of the wounding of Dr. Hodge. Contions. The decision was overwhelmingly in favor ceding some extenuating circumstances in the of a special tax of 2 mills for sewerage, drain- lynching of the two men immediately concerned, age, pure water, paving, park, and other improve- Marquis Romano contends that the lynching of ments. The plan contemplates an expenditure the other three was a thing of particular atrocity. of $14,000,000 in the next few years." Woman The Governor's report clashed with this at nearly property holders were allowed to vote, and were every point. mainly instrumental in gaining the victory, hav- A man suspected of cattle stealing and other ing a central league and clubs in every ward. offenses was hanged by a posse of men near Wil

The revised Constitution of Louisiana provides son on Oct. 15. that taxpaying women shall have the right to Of lawlessness in another parish, the Picayune vote in person or by proxy upon all questions said, Oct. 9: “Another shooting scrape is resubmitted to taxpayers.

ported from Tangipahoa parish, and, from the Suit against Texas.-In October the State, accounts received, the affair was on a par with acting through its Governor and counsel, pre- the many other such deeds which have made the sented a petition to the United States Supreme parish famous for the apparent spirit of lawCourt praying for an injunction to restrain Texas lessness which is believed to prevail there. It is from keeping up a quarantine against Louisiana a notorious fact that, while there have been on account of alleged danger of infection from dozens of violent crimes in the parish, not a sinyellow fever. On the part of Louisiana it is said gle person has been punished."

It was only in April that four men, apparently ter's administration. Speeches were made by belonging to the same clique, had been arrested United States Senator Caffrey, ex-Congressman in Tangipahoa on the charge of conspiracy by Boatner, and others. A few days later the asviolence and threats of violence to compel persons sociation was formed and a declaration of printo leave a place where they lawfully were. ciples was put forth. It opposed trusts, de

Legislative Session.-The Legislature met in manded fair elections and fair counts, rigid enspecial session Aug. 8, and adjourned Aug. 18. forcement of the franchise clauses of the new Twenty-one members of the Senate and 72 mem- Constitution, election of United Senators without bers of the House were present at the opening. influence of Executive patronage, appointments

The object of the session was, first, to author- to public office for fitness, reasonable rotation in ize the city of New Orleans to organize a sewer- office, and honestly conducted primaries, and said age and water board to construct and administer also: “We shall demand that the Governor to great public sanitary works, and, through the be elected shall confine himself to the discharge aid of a constitutional amendment to that effect of the duties of the executive office, and shall to permit the issuing of bonds based on a special not use as a corruption fund the power of aptax, the proceeds of which are to be used in the pointment vested in him by law to coerce and construction of the public works so provided for, influence legislative action in the election of the city having voted in favor of these improve United States Senators or otherwise,” ments June 6.

The first election under the new Constitution The Legislature was expected also to carry into was the city election at New Orleans, Nov. 7. effect the article of the Constitution authorizing The negro vote was almost entirely eliminated. various cities, towns, and drainage districts to The Jackson Democracy united on a ticket with levy special taxes and issue bonds for works of the Citizens' League, which carried the election improvement and protection from floods and for in 1896, when the citizens were roused to the sanitary purposes. Also to provide for certain pressing need of reform in the administration of improvements to be made in the State Capitol city affairs. They were defeated by the regular and grounds and other matters pertaining thereto. Democratic organization.

The important laws called for were enacted. The election of State officers will not take place The constitutional amendment to ratify the ac- till April, 1900. The Democratic State Nominattion in reference to the special tax for public ing Convention was held in Baton Rouge, Dec. improveients will be voted upon in April, 1900. 19 and 20. There were many candidates for the The water and sewerage act was passed, after first place on the ticket, among them W. W. some attempts to amend by leaving out a civil Heard, present State Auditor; Š. McC. Lawraservice provision, and to reduce the proportion son; R. H. Snyder, present Lieutenant Governor; of the fund to be spent on drainage. The so and John Dymond. The ticket chosen follows: called " country bill ” was also passed, providing For Governor, William Wright Heard; for Lieuthat " for the purpose of paving and improving tenant Governor, Albert Estopinal; for Secretary streets, roads, and alleys, purchasing or con of State, John T. Michel; for Attorney-General, structing a system of waterworks, sewerage, Walter Guion; for Superintendent of Education, drainage, lights, public parks and buildings, Joseph V. Calhoun; for Treasurer, Ledoux E. bridges, and other works of public improvements, Smith; for Auditor, Will S. Frazee. the title to which shall vest in the municipal cor- The platform denounces trusts. It calls for poration, parish, or drainage district, as the case appropriations from the Federal Government for may be, municipal corporations, parishes, and the improvement of the Mississippi, the construcdrainage districts (the city of New Orleans except tion of levees, the jettying and improvements of ed), when a majority of the town council, etc., so the southwest part of the Mississippi, and a canal petitioned in writing by one third in number and connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans with amount of the property taxpayers entitled to vote the isthmus. Gov. Foster's administration is on any proposition hereinafter set forth, may sub- praised, as well as the suffrage clause passed by mit to a vote of the property taxpayers proposi- the late Constitutional Convention disfranchistions to incur debt and issue negotiable bonds ing the negroes. No reference is made to Bryan, therefor not to exceed one tenth of the assessed to the financial question, or to any issue relating valuation of the property within said municipal to the national Democracy. corporation, parish, or drainage district, as shown The other parties did not hold their State conby the last assessment made prior to the sub- ventions before the close of the year. mission of such proposition; and when a major

LUTHERANS. The Lutheran Church in ity of the town council, etc., petitioned as afore- North America is a communion of many nationsaid, may submit to such vote propositions to alities and many languages. It has rightly been levy and assess special taxes upon the property called a polyglot Church, for its services are consubject to taxation in such corporation, parish, ducted in more than a dozen different languages. or drainage district, such taxes not to exceed 5 It is to be found in nearly every State and Terrimills on the dollar of the assessed valuation in tory of the United States and in numerous proyany one year, and not to run for a greater num inces of the Dominion of Canada, and has a ber of years than the number named in the propo- baptized membership of about 8,000,000. But it sitions submitted."

is not a foreign Church, for a large portion of Decision.—The law providing for an inherit. its members are native Americans, and most of ance tax of 10 per cent. on property received by its literature, apart from that of the periodicals, foreign heirs, for the benefit of the charity hos- is published in the English language. The most pital in New Orleans, is declared unconstitutional, important publication of this year is The Lusince, being an act concerning revenue, it should theran Cyclopædia, an octavo volume of nearly have originated in the House, whereas it did origi. 600 pages, edited by the Rev. Henry Eyster nate in the Senate.

Jacobs, D. D., LL.D., and the Rev. John A. W. Political.-An association called “the Jack. Haas, of New York city. During the previous son Democratic Association of Louisiana” was year the publication of a Lutheran Commentary formed in July. A meeting and barbecue were on the New Testament, in 12 volumes, was finheld at Rayville July 4, with the apparent object ished. These publications represent the different of bringing together the opponents of Gov. Fos- tendencies in doctrine, worship, and life, as well as the literary standing of the leading men in Breckenridge, D. D., Springfield, Ohio, President; the Church.

the Rev. William E. Fischer, D. D., Shamokin, Pa., Following is a summary of statistics as pub- Secretary; and Louis Mauss, Cincinnati, Ohio, lished in the Lutheran Church Almanac, em Treasurer. bracing the latest data collected with great care The Board of Trustees of the National Lutheran by the editor of this publication:

Home for the Aged, Washington, D. C., reported The Lutheran Church in this country is organ- that the institution has been in operation since ized into 60 district synods, and these again into 1895, that its property is valued at $50,000, and 4 general bodies, embracing 46 district synods, that it has 25 inmates. The Hymn Book Pubthe rest being independent synods. The number lishing Committee reported the completion and of clergymen is 6,657; congregations, 11,101; and publication of a book of worship with hymns of communicant members, 1,570,134, an increase in English, and tunes, as well as progress in the over last year of 225 clergymen, 588 congrega- publication of a similar work in German. The tions, and 34,582 communicant members. The Board of Trustees of the Tressler Orphans' Home, parochial or Church schools number 3,085, with Loysville, Pa., reported that the institution is in 3,856 teachers and 216,980 pupils, while the Sun- a flourishing condition, having 150 children under day schools number 6,290, with 58,508 officers and its care. The body expressed its hearty approval teachers and 550,038 scholars. The purely benevo- of the Lutheran conference held in Philadelphia, lent contributions for the year aggregate the sum Pa., in December, 1898, and reappointed the Rev. of $1,020,520.23. The educational institutions Stephen W. Owen, D. D., as its representative in number 115, of which 23 are theological semi- arranging for a similar convention in co-operanaries, 47 colleges, 35 academies, and 10 colleges tion with other Lutheran bodies. The Commitfor women, with an aggregate value of property tee on Common Service reported that its work in amounting to the sum of $4,883,846, endowment so far as Luther's catechism was concerned was amounting to $1,507,812, having 299,570 volumes completed, and presented the work in connection in their libraries, employing 657 professors and with the report. It also presented forms for 17 instructors, and having 13,235 students, of whom ministerial acts. The Committee on Literary and 2,662 have the ministry in view. There are 99 Theological Institutions presented encouraging benevolent institutions under Church control, of reports with reference to Hartwick Seminary, which 43 are orphanages, 19 homes for the aged at Hartwick, N. Y.; the Theological Seminary and aflicted, 18 hospitals, 11 immigrant and sea- and Pennsylvania College, at Gettysburg, Pa., men's missions, and 3 deaconess institutions. The Wittenberg College and Theological Seminary, at aggregate value of property of these institutions Springfield, Ohio; Carthage College, at Carthage, is $3,596,302, and the endowment $173,195, and II.; Susquehanna University, classical and theothe number of inmates is 26,161. This makes a logical departments, at Selinsgrove, Pa.; and Midtotal of 214 institutions directly or indirectly con- land College and Western Theological Seminary, trolled by Church influences, the value of whose at Atchison, Kan. The statistical secretary preproperty amounts to $8,480,148, with endowment sented the following report: “We have in our amounting to $1,681,007, or a total of $10,161,155. 24 district synods 1,545 churches, 37 more than Most of this money has been contributed in small reported two years ago; preaching stations, 188, amounts. Only one of these institutions has been a decrease of 18; 1,786 prayer meetings are held, fully established by the gift of an individual. a gain of 117; 281 students for the ministry, 31 None of the rest are sufficiently endowed, and less than in the previous two years; 37,808 catehence must depend for their support upon the chumens, a gain of 4,036. The losses were: By annual contributions made by the congregations. death, 5,947; by certificate, 6.829; other losses, The amounts already stated, however, do not 12,794; while the accessions were: by infant bapinclude the annual expenses necessary to carry tism, 22,338; adult baptism, 5,995; confirmation, on the diversified activities of the various insti. 18,742; certificate, 10,064; restoration, 3,273. The tutions, and hence the record is not complete. present reported communicant membership is The expenses necessary to carry on the opera. 192,299, an increase of only 7,571 over the pretions of the 214 institutions would add mate- vious biennium. These figures show that many rially to the $10,000,000 set down as money used pastors do not report all their accessions, since in connection with the work of the Church. As a comparison of the reported losses and accesa proof of this statement we need refer only to sions shows a net gain of 12,504. Our churches one synod—the Augustana-for whose institu- own property whose estimated value is $12,129,tions the sum of $208,248.98 was expended in 943.21, and congregations paid for local expenses 1899. The periodicals published number 165, of $2,713,390.93, or $324,916.65 more than during the which 71 are English, 51 German, 17 Norwegian, preceding two years. Our Sunday schools num8 Swedish, 8 Danish, 3 Icelandic, 2 Finnish, 2 ber 1,544, a decrease of 18. These schools have Slavonian, and l each French, Lettish, and Es- 23,625 officers and teachers and 186,695 pupils, thonian.

an increase of 1,341.” The benevolent contribuGeneral Synod. The thirty-ninth biennial tions amounted to $477,135. convention of this body was held in York, Pa., Foreign Missions.- The General Synod has misMay 24 to June 1, 1899. Twenty-four district sions in India and Africa. Following is the resynods were represented by 120 clerical and 119 port of the work in India: The Board of Foreign lay delegates. The convention was opened with Missions employs 170 workers, who labor in 514 divine service, at which the retiring president, villages containing native Christians, in 421 orthe Rev. M. W. Hamma, D, D., of Washington, ganized congregations, whose baptized memberD. C., delivered the sermon. The Hon. Frank ship in 1898 was 17.811, of whom 6,366 were Geise, mayor of York, extended a welcome to communicants. The Sunday schools number 208, the synod in behalf of the citizens, the Rev. George with 10,538 pupils. They maintain 173 elemenW. Enders, D. D., in behalf of the Lutherans of tary schools, with 203 teachers and 4,475 pupils; the city, and the Rev. Clinton E. Walter in behalf boarding school, with 130 pupils; and I colof the members of St. Paul's congregation. To lege, at Guntur, East India, of which the Rev. these addresses of welcome the president re- Luther B. Wolf is president, employing 40 teachsponded. At the first session the following offi- ers and having 863 students. The zenana de cers were elected: The Rev. Prof. Samuel F. partment contains 58 workers, 15 schools, and 913 pupils, and 14 Sunday schools with 705 pupils. gates. The district synods embrace 1,228 clergy. The mission also supports a hospital and a dis- men, 2,011 congregations, and 352,454 communi. pensary, and employs several trained nurses. The cant members; 551 parochial schools, 673 teachers, mission in Africa is in Liberia, with Muhlenberg and 26,572 pupils; 1,715 Sunday schools, 22,079 as its center. Its working force consists of officers and teachers, and 204,648 pupils. The missionaries, who labor in various localities. The benevolent offerings of the congregations for two industrial establishment of this mission is valued years amounted to $554,850.48. In connection at $77,350, embracing 560 acres of land and 50,000 with this body there are 3 theological seminaries, coffee trees, whose products are sold for the main- 7 colleges, 2 academies, 11 orphans' homes, 5 tenance of the mission. •

homes for the aged and afflicted, 7 hospitals, 4 Home Missions. The Board of Home Missions deaconess institutions, and 3 immigrant and seasupports 160 missions, at an expense of $96,533.41 men's missions. in two years. These missions are thus located: The principal features of the work of this conCalifornia, 8; Colorado, 4; District of Columbia, vention consisted in action taken on the reports 1; Mlinois, 6; Indiana, 9; Iowa, 7; Kansas, 12; of general boards and committees, of which the Kentucky, 3; Maryland, 11; Michigan, 3; Mis- following is a brief summary: souri, 3; Nebraska, 19; New Jersey, 3; New Foreign Missions.—The General Council is carMexico, 1; New York, 15; Ohio, 12; Pennsyl- rying on missionary operations in East India, vania, 39; Tennessee, West Virginia, Wisconsin, in the Madras presidency, with the city of Rajahand Wyoming, each 1. Of these, 144 are Eng: mundry as its central station. The board emlish, 14 German, and 2 Scandinavian. The board ploys 149 mission workers, who labor in 7 prinasked for $100,000 for the next biennium.

cipal stations, and have schools in 120 villages Church Extension.—The Board of Church Ex- and preaching stations in 205 villages. The numtension reported assets amounting to $352,434.42. ber of baptized Christians is 5,343, of whom 2,415 In the past two years loans, donations, and spe- are communicants. The number of children in cial appropriations were made to 205 congrega- the various schools is 2,469. On March 26, 1899, tions. A resolution was passed to the effect that the Rev. T. Joseph, a native pastor, died, and on the general body apportion among its district Jan. 8, 1899, another native, J. William, was orsynods $40,000 annually for church extension, be- dained to the office of the ministry. The misginning with April 1, 1900.

sionaries maintain a seminary and other schools Board of Education.—This board reported its for Christians and heathen at Rajahmundry, total receipts as $19,770.15, which includes a small which are attended by a large number of pupils. balance from the last biennium. Of this amount, The zenana workers maintain several schools for $19,595.92 was disbursed for the aid of various girls and women, as well as a hospital and disinstitutions.

pensary. The mission also has a printing estabDeaconess Work.-The board having this work lishment, from which books and tracts are issued. in charge reported a large increase in the inter- The total receipts of the board for this work were est of the Church in this important branch of $39,476.64, and the expenditures $36,865.96. The activity. The receipts from various sources for general body also decided to begin missionary the past two years amounted to $12,106.78. The operations in Puerto Rico, and since the convenmotherhouse, in Baltimore, Md., has 12 deacon- tion 2 men have been sent to that island. esses, 13 probationers, and l candidate. The Home Missions.—The three boards-English, course of training has been lengthened to two German, and Swedish-presented encouraging reand a half years. The institution maintains an ports of their work in this country. The Board industrial school, averaging 32 pupils, a school of English Missions has 20 stations under its difor colored children, with 30 pupils, and a Chris- rect control in various States from Massachutian kindergarten, with 9 pupils. Deaconesses setts to Washington; the Board of German Mishave served parishes in New York, Washington, sions has 58 congregations under its care, chiefly Cincinnati, Harrisburg, Baltimore, and Cumber- in the northwestern territory of Canada; the land, and in hospitals in Philadelphia and Car- Board of Swedish Missions reported missions lisle, and were engaged as nurses among the sol- under its direct control in Utah, Idaho, and Mondiers of the Spanish-American War. They made tana. Besides these, most of the district synods 1,203 visits to the poor, 1,699 to the sick, and 50 carry on missionary operations on their own terto various institutions.

ritories. The home missionary operations of this Publication Board.—This board reported assets body, through its boards and synods, embraces amounting to $160,520.06. It publishes annually 41 States and the Dominion of Canada, with 577 7 periodicals, whose combined circulation is 286, stations. These are located as follow: 133 in 250 copies. During the previous biennium it is. Pennsylvania, 40 in New York, 33 in Wisconsin, sued 11 new publications and new editions of 14 31 in New Jersey, 28 in Illinois, 24 in Minnesota, works.

23 in Nebraska, 22 in Michigan, 24 in Ontario, The next convention of this body will be held 15 in Ohio, 12 each in Colorado, Iowa, South in Des Moines, Iowa, beginning May 29, 1901. Dakota, and Texas, 10 each in Indiana, Kansas,

General Council.-This general body, com and Massachusetts, 9 each in Montana and Utah, posed of English, English-German, and Scandi 41 in the Northwest Territories of Canada, and navian synods, held its twenty-seventh conven the rest in smaller numbers in various States and tion in Wicker Park Church, Chicago, Ii., Sept. Territories. The receipts of the English and Ger28 to Oct. 4, 1899. The opening sermon was de- man boards amounted to $40,680.90, and for the livered by the Rev. George C. F. Haas, of New entire work $104,175.97. York city. The following officers were elected: Sunday-school Work.-In conjunction with the The Rev. Dr. Mattis C. Ranseen, Chicago, Presi- Board of Publication the Committee on Sunday. dent; the Rev. William K. Frick, Milwaukee, school Work is developing the General Council Wis., English Secretary; the Rev. George C. Berke- graded Sunday-school system, and, in addition to meier, Mount Vernon, N. Y., German Secretary; Scripture-lesson quarterlies, is publishing an anthe Rev. Gustaf A. Brandelle, Denver, Col., Swed- nual Teachers' Commentary, Bible Story for ish Secretary; and William H. Staake, Esq., Phila- Teachers and Pupils, Bible History, and Bible delphia, Pa., Treasurer. The 9 district synods Geography, in similar forms, as also suitable apwere represented by 91 clerical and 49 lay dele. paratus for the primary department. The total

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