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the Friendless has been established in Elwood, Gibson. Particulars as to its success are not a Door of Hope in Terre Haute, and hospitals forthcoming. A few hospitals have been estabfor the sick and injured in Goshen and Evans- lished. The railroads operating in the Territory ville. Near Middletown is a new institution for have hospitals in the adjoining States, and send the aged poor, under the management of the the injured and sick there for treatment. A few German Baptists; and at Greensburg there is deaf-mutes have received instruction in the States being erected an orphans' home by the Independ. by special arrangement. It is not known that ent Order of Old Fellows. A hospital for the any insane asylum exists in the Territory. treatment of mental and nervous diseases has Iowa.The sum expended by the State in bebeen organized in Indianapolis, and during the half of charitable institutions for the year endpast year has begun active operations. Two ing January, 1899, was $693,984.45. This amount counties in the State-Allen and Vanderburgh, was divided up as follows: Blind, $34,041.34 for have taken advantage of the law authorizing the two institutions; deaf and dumb, $43,321.43 for organization of boards of children's guardians in one institution; insane, $493,594.17, with 3,430 counties having a population of 50,000.

patients in three institutions; soldiers' orphans, There were in county poor asylums, Aug. 31, $47.599.47; Soldiers' Home, $75,428.04. 1898, 3,102; in the Soldiers' Home, Jan. 31, 1899, The Legislature of Iowa meets biennially, and 553.

was in session in 1898. The reports of the variThe number of dependent children in the Sol. ous institutions are made to cover the same pediers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home, Jan. 31, 1899, riod, as a rule. This being the case, Mr. Burnett's was 629; county orphans' homes, Oct. 31, 1898, report for 1898, which was as follows, so far as 1,596; in county poor asylums, Aug. 31, 1898, 153. charitable institutions are concerned, applies

In the Institute for the Blind, Jan. 31, 1899, equally well this year. there were 132 pupils; county poor asylums, Aug. The number of adults in the poorhouses of the 31, 1898, 151.

State is comparatively few, as several excellent The Institution for the Deaf on Jan. 31, 1899, institutions for the care of aged and infirm are contained 326 pupils; county poor asylums, Aug. in operation. 31, 1898, 49.

The State maintains an orphanage for destitute The School for Feeble-minded Youth on Jan. children at Davenport. The average during 1897 31, 1899, contained 595 pupils.

was 490, the number of girls being 200 and boys The total enrolled population of the four in- 290. Three fifths of them were soldiers' children. sane hospitals, Jan. 31, 1899, was 3,459; county Less than 50 children are supported in the almspoor asylums, Aug. 31, 1898, 422.

houses and at public expense in the various counThe following details have been made available ties of the State. concerning nine charitable institutions supported The State maintains a central school for the by the State. The figures given are for the fiscal blind at Vinton, with a smaller one at Knoxyear ending Oct. 31, 1898. The expenses shown ville. According to the last biennial report of are the net total expenses. The number of in the superintendent at Vinton, there are 246 inmates given represents the total enrolled on Oct. mates. 31, 1898: Central Hospital for the Insane: in- The State maintains an institution near Counmates, 1,680; expenses, $261,806.35; Northern cil Bluffs for the education of deaf-mutes. Hospital for the Insane: inmates, 636; expenses. The magnificent institution for feeble-minded $94,327.41; Eastern Hospital for the Insane: in- at Glenwood, lately injured by fire, was reported mates, 545; expenses, $93,067.37; Southern Hos- in 1898 as being rebuilt, with about 730 pupils, pital for the Insane: inmates, 534; expenses, $98, with many applicants unable to be admitted for 667.07; Soldiers' Home: expenses, $70,933.70; lack of room. The estimated value of equipment Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home: expenses, is $350,000. $93,637.99; Institution for the Deaf: expenses, Three asylums for the insane are now in opera$63,468.09; Institute for the Blind: expenses, tion, and the fourth, at Cherokee, will soon be $30,494.01; School for Feeble-minded: expenses, completed. A great number of insane patients, $80,000.

deemed incurable, are kept by the counties in Indian Territory.-The Indian Territory is local asylums. At Clarinda, according to the unorganized so far as general legislation is con- latest report, there were 747 patients. At Mount cerned. The five civilized tribes have each a Pleasant the ninth biennial report gives an averlegislative body, but the acts of these pertain age of 885. Independence Hospital has a capacity only to the tribal limits. There are orphan for 1,000 patients, and is full. An industrial schools in each tribe. The work of these has building, erected in 1897, contains shops for male been quite effective in many cases. In the Choc- patients to work in, chiefly during the winter taw nation a school is conducted for orphan girls season. In these shops repairs are made to clothat Garvin, Indian Territory, one for boys at ing and shoes, and a number of useful articles, Academy, Indian Territory, and the nation ar- such as slippers, brooms, harness, baskets, rag ranged by special contract with the Atoka Bap- carpets, cocoa-fiber matting, door mats, and pictist Academy to care for 50 orphan children. tures, are produced. There is also a printing

Work to about the same extent is done for or- office, from which a monthly paper is issued. The phans in the other nations. There are many poor hospital also maintains a large farm, a training white people renting land of the Indians and school for nurses, and a well-appointed pathologworking in mines or cutting timber. There are ical laboratory. thus many chances of orphanage, with but poor Kansas.-The State charitable institutions of opportunity of relief. A very hopeful work has Kansas include the State Insane Asylum, Tobeen started at Pryor Creek for the purpose of peka; Insane Asylum, Osawatomie; Institutions caring for the white orphans. This movement for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb, Olathe; is dependent wholly upon contributions for sup- Institution for the Education of the Blind, Kanport.

sas City; Asylum for Idiotics and Imbecile Youth, There are no poorhouses in the Territory. In Winfield; and Soldiers' Orphans' Home, Atchison. some of the tribes special provision is made for A new ward building, for which $65,000 was apthe indigents. An effort was made two years propriated by the Legislature of 1897, is now a ago to establish a school for the blind at Fort part of the institution. The same Legislature

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appropriated $12,000 for improved drainage and The State School for Deaf and Dumb in Baton water supply at the Institution for the Education Rouge takes care of 90 inmates. of the Deaf and Dumb. Within the past three The State Insane Asylum at Jackson contains years $35,000 was granted for improvements at about 1,200 insane persons, both male and female. the Soldiers' Orphans' Home. In addition to these Maine.-Very little legislation was enacted in appropriations, the sum of $37,000 has been the last Legislature under the heading of charigranted for improvements at the Institution for ties and correction. Destitute children are well the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth. cared for in the State. The sick and injured are According to the latest available official report, carefully provided for in the various city hosthe number of inmates at the Topeka Insane pitals. The Maine General Hospital is in a prosAsylum was 781; Osawatomie Insane Asylum, perous condition, as are the other hospitals of 1,026; Institution for Deaf and Dumb, 261; In the State, being supported in part by the State, stitution for the Blind, 98; Asylum for Idiotic but receiving also liberal donations from time and Imbecile Youth, 132; Soldiers' Orphans' to time. Home, 175.

The blind are cared for out of State instituA prepared statement of expenditures by the tions. Deaf-mutes are cared for in the main State for these various institutions and for all School for Deaf-mutes, which is a most excellent charitable and benevolent purposes during the institution, situated in Portland, and supported fiscal year ending June 30, 1899, shows the fol- by the State. Feeble-minded children are cared lowing totals: Blind Asylum, $19,998; Deaf and for in the Massachusetts School for FeebleDumb Asylum, $42,430.22; Idiotic and Imbecile minded. The insane asylum is receiving increased Asylum, $52,614.82; two insane asylums, $314, attention every year by the Legislature and those 686.09; Soldiers' Orphans' Home, $30,342.62; interested in the care of this class of unfortunates. State Soldiers' Hoine, $44,857.10; maintenance of Its nominal capacity is 600; daily average numdestitute insane, $223,130.40.

ber, 727. Included in the totals for the two insane asy. The total receipts of the Maine General Hoslums is $37,737.15 expended for new buildings and pital were, in 1898, $58,209; total expenditures, permanent improvement, and also included in the $51,404; number of beds, 146; daily average numtotal for idiotic and imbecile asylum is $20,846.75 ber of beds occupied, 91; number of in-patients, for buildings. The item for hospitals and homes 1,335; number of out-patients, — ; cost per inis an appropriation of $700 each to 16 different patient per day, $1.49. private hospitals and homes in the State. The Maryland.-Interest in hospital provision is item for maintenance of destitute insane is an growing in Maryland. The Railroad Young Men's appropriation made by the last Legislature di- Christian Association Hospital, opened Nov. 28, rectly to the various counties for the care and 1898, is now in operation at Hagerstown. A maintenance of insane persons cared for by the small charity hospital has been opened at Camcounties because there was no room for them in bridge, the State contributing $1,500. The sum the State asylums. They were allowed 50 cents of $10,000 has also been given, with a comfortper day per person so cared for, and the accounts able house and 13 acres of ground, for the Hoscovered a period of from one to four years back. pital for Consumptives, situated about 6 miles

Kentucky.-There were 317 inmates in the from Baltimore. Provision has now been made almshouse on the first of the year; received dur- for 50 insane women at the Springfield Insane ing year, 240; number at close of year, 323. Hospital, until recently used for male patients

During the year the Children's Free Hospital only. The Henry Watson Children's Aid Society cared for 117 afflicted children; received at City takes special interest in wayward and dependent Hospital during the year, 1,686 patients; remain children. ing at close of fiscal year, 136.

Baltimore City Insane Hospital has a nominal The Kentucky Institute for the Blind received capacity of 450, daily average number, 425; Hosduring the year 112 pupils in the white depart. pital for the Insane, Catonsville: nominal cament; in the colored department, 24; total, 136. pacity, 450; daily average number, 515; Mount This institution was extensively remodeled, Hope Retreat, Baltimore: nominal capacity, 570; adapting it thoroughly for its special work. daily average number, - ; Sheppard Asylum,

In the Institute for Feeble-minded Children an Baltimore: nominal capacity, 150; daily average increase was noted in the number of inmates over number, 81. the previous year. Twenty were admitted dur- Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, is a gening the year. At the close of the fiscal year there eral hospital. Total receipts, $200,964; total exwere 134 inmates.

penditures, $200,964; number of beds, 320; daily The three insane asylums of the State showed average number of beds occupied, 241; number at the beginning of the year 2,650 patients. Ad- of in-patients, 3,633; number of out-patients, missions during the year, 778; present at close of 64,273; cost per in-patient per day, $1.55. fiscal year, 2,705.

Massachusetts. -The State appropriations for Louisiana.-The State appropriations for charitable institutions, 1898, include the followcharitable institutions for the current fiscal year ing: Blind, $30,000; deaf and deaf-mutes, $60,000; include the following: Blind, $10,000 for one in- insane, including dipsomaniacs and epileptics, stitution; deaf and dumb, $18,000 for one institu- $416,492.32; feeble-minded, $48,000; indigent and tion; insane, $100,000 for one institution; hos- neglected children, $105,000; hospitals for conpitals, $108,000 for two institutions; Soldiers' sumptives and eye and ear, $45,000; paupers, Home, $17,940; Lepers' Home, $7,000.

$235,047.20; almshouses, $189,230. Shakespeare Almshouse shelters 125 old people The Legislature of 1898 passed an act providof both sexes; Faith Home for Aged Colored ing for the establishment of a State Board of !nWidows, 18; Dames Hospitalities, 29 paupers of sanity, to which were transferred most of the both sexes; Memorial Home for Young Women, powers and duties relating to the insane, hitherto 34; Touro Infirmary, 29.

belonging to the State Board of Lunacy and About 2,000 orphans are sheltered in sectarian Charity. The last-named board has become the asylums.

State Board of Charity, and has the supervision The Charity Hospital of New Orleans has a of the State sane poor and the State minor wards, daily average of 622 inmates.

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investigation of settlements of both the sane and 428; Worcester Insane Hospital: nominal cathe insane poor.

pacity, 900; daily average number, 871. The Legislature has also passed an act provid- Boston City Hospital is a general hospital. ing that " whenever a woman shall be committed Total receipts, $374,000; total expenditures, $374,to any insane hospital or asylum the magistrate 194; number of beds, 768; daily average number committing her shall, unless she is accompanied of beds occupied, 676; number of in-patients, by her father, husband, brother, or son, desig- 11,634; number of out-patients, 22,712; cost per nate a woman who shall be an attendant or one in-patient per day, $1.40. of the attendants to accompany her to the hos- Î'he City Hospital, Worcester, is also a genpital or asylum of commitment."

eral hospital. Total receipts, $72,727; total exThe new State Hospital for Epileptics, which penditures, $64,229; number of beds, 140; daily was opened nearly a year ago, has already more average number of beds occupied, 95; number of than its complement of numbers; and the Legis. in-patients, 2,218; number of out-patients, 2,205 ; lature has appropriated money for the erection cost per in-patient per day, $1.55. of a new building, which, when completed, will, Michigan.—The sums expended by the State with the other buildings, enable the trustees to in behalf of charitable institutions for the two provide for about 350 patients, and secure a bet- years ending June 30, 1898, were as follow: ter classification of the inmates than can be ar- Blind, $25,200; deaf and dumb, $91,635.69; insane, ranged for at present. The Legislature has also $88,430.15; dependent children, $66,766.98; feeblechanged the age of commitment to this institu- minded, $75,503.20. tion, so that, instead of providing for the care Two laws have been enacted by the Legisand treatment of adults only, the hospital now lature of 1899 relating to charitable and correceives patients of fourteen years of age and rectional matters-namely, one prohibiting nonupward.

incorporated societies, associations, organizaThe State Board of Charity has for two suc- tions, or persons from receiving, maintaining, or cessive years recommended that all dependent placing out minor children in homes; and one children—that is, those who become a public providing for State supervision of, and the reportcharge because they are orphans or because their ing to the State Board of Corrections and Chariparents are too poor to maintain them-as well ties by all incorporated societies the whole or as juvenile offenders and neglected children, a part of the business of which is to receive, should be cared for, maintained, and controlled maintain, or place out minor children in homes. by the State, irrespective of the question of their There is now pending in the Legislature a bill local settlement. The effect of the law would providing for State care of defective dependent be to provide better care and treatment, on the children. The statistical information here given whole, for the children, and, while it would im- is of the date of June 30, 1898, the close of the pose an additional burden on the Commonwealth, last biennial period of Michigan: would relieve many of the small towns of con- Poor in poorhouses number 6,065; destitute siderable expense. A bill embodying this recom- children, at the State Public School, 159; under mendation was recently presented to the Legis- control in homes, 1,304; total, 1,463; blind, in lature, and was favorably reported on by the Michigan School for the Blind, 109; deaf-mutes, committee; but differences of opinion arose with in Michigan School for Deaf, 398; feeble-minded regard to the wording of certain clauses of the children, in Michigan Home for Feeble-minded bill, and the whole matter has been referred to and Epileptic, 201. the next general court.

The number of insane in State asylums is The number of poor in State institutions, 1898, 4,217; in county homes, 145; in jails, 13; in priwas 1,278; in local almshouses, 3,796; in families, vate asylums, 226; total, 4,601. 435; total, 5,509.

The insane asylums and hospitals include the Of destitute children, State charges in fami- Asylum for Dangerous and Criminal Insane, lies, there were 1,728; town charges in institu- Ionia: nominal capacity, 305; daily average numtions, 584; town charges in families, 439; total, ber, 230; Asylum for the Insane, Kalamazoo: 2,751.

nominal capacity, 1,254; daily average number, The number of deaf in institutions is 313; 1,244; Eastern Michigan Asylum, Pontiac: nomiblind, 251.

nal capacity, 950; daily average number, 1,059; In hospitals and asylums, according to the Northern Michigan Asylum, Traverse City: nomilatest available report, there are 6,969 inmates; nal capacity, 1,000; daily average number, 994; boarded out from hospitals, 106; in local alms- St. Joseph's Retreat, Dearborn: nominal cahouses, 1,214; town charges in families, 98; in pacity, school for feeble-minded, 602; total, 8,989. In Grace Hospital, Detroit, is a general hospital. addition to the above, there are 74 sane in- Total receipts, $36,232; total expenditures, $36,mates of the Massachusetts Hospital for Epi- 347; number of beds, 128; daily average number leptics and 190 inmates of the Massachusetts of beds occupied, 56; number of in-patients, 975; Hospital for Dipsomaniacs and Inebriates. number of out-patients, 2,964; cost per in-patient

Boston Insane Hospital has a nominal capacity per day, $1.76." of 526; daily average number, 480; Danvers Luna Minnesota.-The sums expended by the State tic Hospital: nominal capacity, 1,000; daily aver- in behalf of charitable institutions for the year age number, 871; Hospital for Mental Diseases, ending July 31, 1899, were as follow: Blind, $21,Brookline: nominal capacity, 25; Medfield Insane 300; deaf and dumb, $49,400; insane, $541,400 ; Hospital: nominal capacity, - ; Northampton dependent children, $37,581.75; for feeble-minded. Lunatic Hospital: nominal capacity, 550; daily $105,000; for other asylums, $140,000; for cripaverage number, 544; Receptacle for the Insane, pled and deformed children, $4,000. Ipswich: nominal capacity, —-; State Alms-. The most important legislation in the field of house, Tewksbury: nominal capacity, 1,300; daily charity enacted during the recent session of the average number, 1,292; Taunton Lunatic Hos Legislature was the provision made for additional pital: nominal capacity, — ; Westborough In- care of the chronic insane. Two State asylums sane Hospital: nominal capacity, 625; daily aver. were authorized, each to be located on a large age number, 561; Worcester Insane Asylum: farm, each to have two buildings with a capacity nominal capacity, 400; daily average number, of at least 100 inmates, the cost of construction and equipment for each building not to exceed Fergus Falls State Hospital for the Insane has $31,250. This legislation was a compromise be- a nominal capacity of 1,200; daily average numtween the advocates of the State hospitals and ber, 1,011; Rochester State Hospital: nominal cathe advocates of county asylums similar to those pacity, 1,000; daily average number, 1,103; St. existing in Wisconsin.

Peter State Hospital: nominal capacity, 650; There is at present an overcrowding in each daily average number, 977. of the three Minnesota hospitals, although a de- Mississippi.—No official statement procurtached ward has recently been completed, increas- able. It is learned from unofficial sources that ing the capacity at Fergus Falls by 200. A bill the East Mississippi Insane Asylum, Meridian, providing for a detention ward for the insane has a nominal capacity of 300; daily average in the hospitals of the three largest cities was number, 260; also that the State Lunatic Asylavorably considered, and came near passing. By lum, Hinds County, has a nominal capacity of a new law the superintendent and the secretary 825; daily average number, 825. of the board of trustees for the State hospitals Missouri.—The Missouri General Assembly of for insane now have a right to discharge pa- 1899 passed a bill to establish an insane asylum tients from the three respective hospitals. in southeast Missouri with an appropriation of

The deportation of nonresident insane has been $150,000. This will make the fifth institution successful, and the Legislature increased the ap-' for the care of the insane in this State. A bill propriation for the execution of that law. was also passed establishing a colony for feeble

The State Board of Corrections and Charities minded and epileptics. At least it had met the ap. is made responsible for the execution of the new proval of the Senate at the latest report. law to restrict the importation of dependent chil. The cornerstone of the Provident Association dren. It is not the purpose of this law to pro- Building, to cost $70,000, was laid a few months hibit such importation, but to compel importing ago. During the five years of Dr. Finney's adsocieties to conform to the same rules that are ministration the methods and management of this observed by Minnesota institutions and societies charity have been revolutionized, modern ideas in investigating the homes and supervising the and appliances have been introduced, new inchildren whom they place. The age of children dustries added, until now the Provident Associaover whom the child-placing societies may ac- tion takes front rank in quality and quantity quire absolute guardianship has been increased of organized charity work in this country. Infrom two to ten years.

vestigation precedes relief. During the last year The probate courts of Minnesota may now give 12,608 cases were investigated. Having no muthe entire guardianship of children to volunteer nicipal outdoor relief, about 75 per cent. of all institutions which have the approval of the State that is given comes from the St. Louis Provident Board of Corrections and Charities, but this does Association. not involve any payment on the part of the State Poor in poorhouses number 4,000, including St. to the institutions thus acquiring guardianship. Louis Poorhouse. Destitute children, 2,500 in pri

Truant officers may be appointed by the school vate institutions; 400 a year cared for by St. boards.

Ann's, Bethesda, and Colored Orphans' Home. On nomination of the State Board of Correc- Sick and injured, 215 soldiers in the State Federal tions and Charities the district judges are to and Confederate Homes at St. James and Higappoint probation officers for a period of two ginsville; 823 in the Female and City Hospitals years. The probation law is modeled after the at St. Louis; 43,963 cases treated at the City Massachusetts law, except that it applies simply Dispensary in St. Louis in 1898. Blind in the to juveniles; and, after sentence is pronounced, State, 2,456-about one half of these under the it may be suspended pending satisfactory con- school age, twenty-four years; in the State Blind duct instead of being postponed, as in Massachu. School in St. Louis, 106 pupils. Deaf-mutes in setts.

the State, 2,003; 350 pupils in the State School District poorhouses may now be established in at Fulton. Feeble-minded children in the State, counties having a joint population of at least 5,000; 1,600 within the limit of the school age. 35,000, the property and equipment to be paid There are 3,600 inmates in the asylums at St. by the interested counties in proportion to their Joseph, Nevada, St. Louis, Fulton, and on the assessed valuation. The poorhouses are to be poor farms. managed by the chairmen of the boards of com- The insane asylums and hospitals include St. missioners in the counties interested, and pay. Louis Insane Asylum: nominal capacity, 300; ment is to be made in proportion to the number daily average number, 516; State Lunatic Asylum, of days' board furnished inmates sent by the No. 2, St. Joseph: nominal capacity, — ; State respective counties.

Lunatic Asylum, No. 3, Nevada: nominal caThe State Board of Corrections and Charities pacity, 760; daily average number, 628. was given power to condemn lockups analogous Kansas City Hospital is a general hospital. to power which it has had for many years to Total receipts, $35,000; total expenditures, $18,condemn county jails. The condition of lockups 261; number of beds, 240; daily average number has greatly improved since the passage of a law of beds occupied, 145; number of in-patients, in 1895 obliging towns and cities to obtain the 1,842; number of out-patients, — ; cost per inapproval of the State Board of Corrections and patient per day, 35 cents. Charities before lockups can be erected or exten- Montana.-The most important legislation of sively repaired.

the last Legislature in the field of charities and The Odd Fellows are erecting a widows and correction was the establishment of a home for orphans' home at Northfield, Minn. This is the feeble-minded and a law permitting children to first orphanage established in a number of years. be taken from inhuman parents. A home for

The poor in poorhouses number 495; destitute children until they can be adopted by worthy children in State Public School, 233; sick and people has been established. injured in hospitals, 898; blind in School for The poor in poorhouses are pretty well cared Blind, 70: deaf-mutes in School for Deaf, 233; for in most counties; destitute children are cared feeble-minded children, 643.

for in Orphans' Home; sick and injured are cared There are three State insane hospitals, with for in hospitals. For blind and deaf-mutes there over 3,000 inmates; none in jails or poorhouses. is one school.

The insane are cared for at State expense in amount includes the following items: Blind, an excellent manner at Warm Springs, Deer $3,994; deaf and dumb, $4,510; insane, $24,745; Lodge County, Mont. Its nominal capacity is feeble-minded, $1,094; soldiers' homes, $8,399. 450; daily average number, 350.

Important among the changes made by the Nebraska.—The State appropriations for char Legislature of 1898-'99 was that relating to the itable institutions for the two years ending No beneficiaries of the Deaf and Dumb, Blind, and vember, 1898, were as follow: Blind, $45,775; deaf Feeble-minded fund. New Hampshire gives $10,and dumb, $55,250; insane, $366,895; feeble- 000 annually for the support of these defectives minded youth, $77,400; Soldiers' Home, $93,350, in institutions outside of the State. The law, as with 325 inmates; Home for Friendless, $31,500. it now stands, places the nomination of these

Among bills passed by the last Legislature was beneficiaries in the hands of the Board of Charione to provide for the control and maintenance ties, upon whose recommendation only the Govof the Home for the Friendless as a State insti- ernor and Council can appoint children to fill the tution. A bill was introduced to create a State vacancies. A joint resolution authorizes the board of charities. The bill was framed so as Governor and Council to appoint a commission, to be in harmony with the State Constitution. to work with one appointed by the State ConSo much sympathy was expressed that for a con- ference of Charities and Corrections, to investisiderable time the friends of the bill expected gate the jail systems of the State and the State it to carry. It failed, however; but the friends control of the insane as compared with the county are determined to succeed, and are confident this care of the indigent insane, and to report to the measure will be carried at the next Legislature, next Legislature. Appropriations were granted two years hence.

to the State Insane Asylum, $50,000; Soldiers' The aged poor are largely provided for in Home, $20,000 annually for two years. Towns county almshouses, and the number has greatly and cities are privileged to expend $5,000 in the increased of late years in large centers of popula. establishment of a free bed in any hospital for tion because of the increase in the number of the benefit of the cities' sick poor, or to spend the insane. Seven old persons are now being $300 annually for a yearly bed in such an instiprovided for by the State in the Home for the tution. Friendless.

The most important new movement to be reMost of the dependent children of the State corded is the establishment, on a permanent are provided for by private associations. One basis, of a New Hampshire Conference of ChariState institution, the Home for the Friendless, ties and Corrections. The State Board of Charihas 38 children. This is also a placing-out agency, ties inaugurated this movement, and the first and children are only kept temporarily. Some meeting was held at Concord, Feb. 21, 1899. The of the larger counties have the care of a few outcome of this meeting was the incorporation dependent children.

of the conference, with Judge H. E. Burnham, No provision is made for sick and injured by Manchester, president; President William J. the State. There is only one county hospital, Tucker, of Dartmouth College, first vice-presiand it is located at Omaha. Most of the hos- dent; John M. Gile, M. D., Hanover, secretary; pitals are supported by churches.

Mrs. Lillian Streeter, Concord, treasurer. There is one State institution for the blind, The results of the first conference were inwith 79 inmates.

creased appropriations for the insane asylum and There is one institution for deaf-mutes. It has the appointment of a committee authorized by 149 inmates. Oral and manual methods of teach- law to investigate our jail systems and the State ing are employed.

care of the indigent insane. The Sociological There is one institution for feeble-minded, with Committee of the Federation of Women's Clubs 216 inmates. Many appeals are made for the aided in getting up this conference, while the admittance of others, who are refused from lack Concord Woman's Club paid all the bills thereof. of accommodations. A good many of these areA magnificent new operating room, known as provided for in county houses, and others are the Wells Building, has been given to the Elliot under private care.

Hospital, in Manchester, by Mrs. Charles Wells. There are three hospitals for the insane, one The Odd Fellows are soon to establish an orof them for incurables. The total number of phans' home. patients, according to the last report, was 1,121. There are ten counties, and the amounts disIt is difficult to estimate the number of patients bursed by their officials during the year ending in county houses. There are 90 in Douglas County Dec. 31, 1898, included $403,155 for support of Hospital alone. There are also two soldiers' and paupers. The eleven cities of the State paid sailors' homes, with a total of 254 inmates. during the same period, for support of poor, in

The insane asylums and hospitals include the cluding aid to hospitals, $105,207. The 224 Hospital for Chronic Insane, Hastings: nominal towns, which comprise one half of the aggregate capacity, 650; daily average number, 600; Hos- population, undoubtedly paid in 1898 for suppital for the Insane, Lincoln: nominal capacity, port of poor at least $50,000. (Private charity 350; daily average number, 350; Norfolk Hos- helped to maintain 5 homes for the aged, 3 orpital for the Insane, Norfolk: nominal capacity, phans' homes, 10 hospitals, 1 mercy home for 208; daily average number, 204.

females, by contributions estimated at $100,000. Nevada.—The Secretary of State reports that Fraternal and benevolent organizations dispensed the only appropriations for public charities made in charity not less than $75,000.) each year by the State of Nevada are: For care Taking into account contributions from all and support of the indigent insane, $35,500; for sources, it is estimated that at least $1,000,000 the support of the State Orphans' Home, $14,700. is contributed annually in the State for charitable The expenditures for 1898 for the former amounted purposes. to $32,058.84; for the latter, $13,229.31. The nomi- The poor in its poorhouses include, in almsnal capacity of the Hospital for Mental Diseases, houses, 692; in families (figures not procurable); Reno, is 225; daily average number, 197.

county charges in almshouses, 83; in orphan asyNew Hampshire.—The Secretary of State re- lums, 327; placed out in families, 201. ports an expenditure of $42,742 for charitable Blind children are placed in institutions outinstitutions for the year ending May, 1899. This side the State. Thirteen are now provided for.

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