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when hard times set in they applied to the Char- in the London market. Rice and mealies are tered Company for assistance. When the Char- grown and tobacco cultivation has been begun. tered Company repudiated all responsibility the The rubber export was nearly ten times as great authorities of the Transvaal offered them farms, as in 1898. Revenue increased as well as trade. and a large number were settled on the lands The hut tax yielded 50 per cent. more than in the which the Boers had just before taken away previous year. The armed force consists of 1,000 from the Makatese after defeating the chief natives, instructed by Sikhs and commanded by Mpefu and his followers.

British officers of the regular army. The AnThe number of mining claims registered on gonis, who were formerly troublesome, have setSept. 30, 1898, was 130,000, spread over a coun- tled down to peaceful occupations, and laborers try 500 miles long by 200 miles broad. The Char- for the plantations are obtained without hintered Company receives half the vender's scrip drance. A strong garrison is kept in a fort on for each mine that is floated. The companies their plateau. Many hundreds of natives of the that were crushing ore in 1898, when there were lake districts have gone south to work in the 4 batteries at work, obtained an average of 141 mines of Southern Rhodesia. Toward the end pennyweight to the ton, without cyanide, which of June, 1899, the troops of the protectorate were would give about 4 pennyweight more, making sent out to punish Angura and Yao chiefs souththe ore nearly twice as rich as that of the Wit- east of Lake Nyassa, on the Portuguese border. watersrand. There are veins 40 feet broad, and The Portuguese of Mozambique joined in an in the ancient mines, which were abandoned on expedition against the chief Mataka, who haraccount of water, the reefs run equally wide and bored the chiefs Makanjira and Grafi after they quite as rich.

were driven over the border, and assisted them The revenue of the Chartered Company falls in raiding British territory. far short of the expenditure, which in 1898 British Central African Protectorate.—The amounted to £783,985, while the receipts were district of Nyassaland, declared a British pro£258,786. The white police force numbers 1,200 tectorate on May 14, 1891, is administered by a men, and costs £259,000 a year. The new Coun- Royal Commissioner, Alfred Sharpe, under incil of Rhodesia, which met for the first time in structions from the Foreign Office in London, May, 1899, sanctioned taxes on luxuries, the and the expenses in excess of the local revenue colonists heretofore having been free from all are defrayed by means of a grant in aid from taxation. Machinery and foodstuffs were ex- the Imperial Government. The area is 42,217 empted, though food imported in tins and most square miles. The population in 1897 was 844,995 articles in common use are taxed at even a high- natives, 300 Europeans, and 293 Banyan traders er rate than such luxuries as plate and jewelry from India. Blantyre, the chief town, has a popuThe people and their elected representatives ob- lation of 6,000 natives and 100 Europeans. The jected to this mode of taxation, by which the local revenue in 1897 was £24,538, of which poorer classes pay most and the rich companies, £8,966 were derived from customs. The expendiincluding the Chartered Company, are quite ex- ture was £65,715. The imports in 1898 were empt. The settlers called upon the elected mem- valued at £86,428, against £78,655 in 1897; exbers of the Council to resign as a protest against ports, £27,437, against £23,299. The principal being taxed by a private commercial company. imports are cotton cloth, machinery, agricultural

British Central Africa.—The area of British implements, provisions, and hardware. The exCentral Africa, or Northern Rhodesia, is esti- ports of coffee in 1898 were £22,402 in value. mated at 251,000 square miles, with a population Ivory is the only other important export. Rice, of about 650,000. The resident Europeans num- wheat, oats, and barley are grown. A military ber 350. Experiments are being made in coffee force of 185 Sikhs and 800 native soldiers is maingrowing. Gold is found in the south. The Ste- tained for the suppression of the slave trade. venson road connecting the Nyassa and Tangan- There is also a police force of 200 men. Gunyika lakes has been repaired. The British South boats are kept on the Zambesi and Shire rivers Africa Company, which has undertaken the de- and on Lake Nyassa. velopment of the region, intends to establish a Portuguese East Africa. The Portuguese station on the Tanganyika plateau, which is possessions, now confined to the east coast north believed to be healthful, but its representative, and south of the Zambesi, are divided into the Robert E. Codrington, has hitherto remained at provinces of Mozambique, Zambesia, and LouBlantyre, in Nyassaland. The telegraph line from renco Marques, the military district of Gaza, the Cape through the British South Africa terri- and the districts of Inhambane, Manica, and tory, Portuguese East Africa, and Nyassaland Sofala. The total area is estimated at 301,000 has been continued from Zomba northward to square miles; the total population at 3,120,000. the end of Lake Nyassa, and thence to the south The boundary between Portuguese and British end of Lake Tanganyika.

Manica was arbitrated, and early in 1899 the In the country of the Barotse, on the west side commissioners of the two governments agreed of British Central Africa, the British South Africa on a rectification of the proposed line, concesCompany is represented at the king's capital by sions being made on both sides to suit the reMajor R. T. Coryndon, as Resident Commis- spective interests. The Mozambique Company, sioner. The region between Lakes Nyassa, Tan- possessing sovereign rights under a royal charganyika, Mweru, and Bangweolo is divided into ter for fifty years from 1891, administers the two the districts Chambezi, Tanganyika, Mweru, last-named districts, and the Nyassa Company Luapala, and Loangwa. The Europeans are en has like authority in the region between the gaged mostly in planting or trading, but the Rovuma, the Lurio, and Lake Nyassa. The Govsmaller branches of trade are carried on by ernment maintains a military force of 4,888 men, Banyans. The imports for the year ending of whom 3,246 are natives. The revenue for March 31. 1897, amounted to £114,000, includ. 1898 was estimated at 4,232,326 milreis, the exing £14,000 of specie. The exports were valued penditure at 3,945,765 milreis. The imports at at £40,000, showing an increase of £10,000 over the port of Mozambique in 1897 were valued at 1898. The chief articles were coffee for £24,000, £151,823, and exports at £160,571; at Beira the rubber for £10,000, and ivory for £3,000. The imports were £578,500 in value, and the exports coffee brings the highest price of any that is sold £35,460; at Lourenço Marques the imports were £784,000, and exports £38,000 in value; at friendless. West Virginia has established a home Quilimane the imports for 1895 were valued at for incurables. £94,537, and exports at £76,344. Gold mining State and municipal provision for the criminal has been attempted by English companies in classes is not included in this article. Owing to Manica. The Delagoa Bay Railroad has a length a lack of proper definition with reference to inof 57 miles on Portuguese territory, and extends dustrial and reform institutions for children, it 290 miles into the Transvaal to Pretoria. The has been deemed best not to include here items Beira Railroad runs for 222 miles on Portuguese that are given under headings referring to these territory to the border of Mashonaland. Tele- classes. graphs connect Beira with Salisbury and Lou- It is impossible within the limits of this artirenco Marques with Pretoria. The number of cle to exhibit much more than an outline; but, vessels that entered the port of Mozambique in through the courtesy of State executives, their 1897 was 236, of 171,471 tons, of which 57, of departmental officers, the general secretary of the 84,328 tons, were German, and 24, of 32,394 tons, National Conference of Charities and Corrections, British; Beira was visited by 237 vessels, 118 of the Commissioner of Labor in Washington, the them, of 131,667 tons, British, and 58, of 86,061 special agent in charge of statistics of crime, pautons, German; Lourenço Marques, by 267 ves- perism, and benevolence for the eleventh census, sels, of 691,000 tons; Chinde, by 69 vessels, of and others who are interested in the general sub32,850 tons.

ject, a sufficiently full showing has been made German Southwest Africa.—The total area available to form a statement of great interest. of the German sphere in Southwest Africa is A summary of recent and pending legislation and estimated at 322,450 square miles, with a popu the latest Federal statistics on the subject of lation of about 200,000 Hottentots, Bushmen, pauperism and benevolence will be found at the Damaras, and Kaffirs. The number of whites end of this article. in 1897 was 2,628. The military force numbers Alabama.—According to an official statement 755 officers and men, exclusive of the native recently received, there are only two charitable troops. The revenue for 1896 was 1,856,860 institutions supported by the State-i. e., the marks, of which only 156,860 marks were col. Institute for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind, at Tallected in the country and 1,700,000 marks were ladega, and the Asylum for the Insane, at Tuscacontributed from the imperial treasury. The ex- loosa. From the latest report it is noted that penditure was 1,991,480 marks. For 1899 the what is known as the Institute for the Deaf, revenue is estimated at 6,970,000 marks, includ. Dumb, and Blind embraces three distinct estabing an imperial contribution, and the expendi- lishments, divided into numerous departments, ture at 5,001,000 marks. The chief imports are including 171 deaf pupils, 100 blind pupils, and cotton cloth and provisions. The exports are 53 negro deaf-mutes and blind. The insane asyguano and ostrich feathers. The total value of lum is known as the Bryce Insane Hospital. It the imports for 1897 was £244,366, and of the will hold 1,100 patients, but the daily average exports £62,337. The German authorities, fol. is in excess, being 1,276. The expenditure for lowing the example of Natal and Rhodesia, have this latter institution in 1897-'98 was $145,424. taken measures to restrict and hamper the opera. There are no statistics available concerning pautions of Hindu traders. One edict forbids any pers in county poorhouses. Children of more than more selling of goods to the natives on credit, ten years of age are not allowed to remain in because the Indian dealers have reduced the coast poorhouses, but are assigned by probate judges natives to a state of dependence by means of to respectable families. There are orphan homes usurious contracts; and another edict imposes in connection with the churches. All the larger excessively high trading licenses.

cities of the State have hospitals. CHARITIES OF THE UNITED STATES. Alaska.--No means have been provided in The object of this article is to show, as nearly Alaska for the care of orphans, old people, deaf as possible, the amount appropriated or expended and dumb, blind, or insane persons. Steps have by each State as a unit and by the largest mu- been taken to provide, through Congress, for the nicipalities as units toward the support and establishment of an asylum or sanatorium west proper care of institutions and individuals under of the main range of the Rocky mountains for certain specified headings within their respective care and custody of persons legally adjudged boundary limits, and also to exhibit, as com- insane in Alaska. Orphan children were formerly pletely as can be done from available reports, made slaves, but the Christian missions have the totals of individuals benefited by such ap- largely done away with this cruelty. In the propriations or expenditures. These headings, village of Sitka are several men totally blind. grouped together, represent the principal chari. They are good fishermen, and earn their living ties recognized officially by State and municipal for the most part by fishing. Old people are governments. The classes treated of include: sadly neglected, unless one should be a woman 1. Poor in poorhouses, etc. 2. Destitute children. of high caste who has children. Such are well 3. Sick and injured. 4. Blind. 5. Deaf and dumb. taken care of. 6. Feeble-minded. 7. Insane. 8. Epileptics.

Arizona.—The poor, sick, and injured are Some of the minor classes are not mentioned cared for in county hospitals; blind and deafin the foregoing, and several combinations are mutes are sent to a blind asylum in an Eastern omitted because they are exceptional. For ex: State, expense being paid by the Territory; ample, in Colorado there is an institution for deaf no provision is made for feeble-minded children; and blind. A special appropriation is made in 168 insane patients are maintained entirely by that State also for dependent children, for whom the Territory in the asylum at Phænix. a home is provided, and still another for a sol- Arkansas.-Reports have been received from diers' and sailors' home. Idaho has an appro- three institutions-viz., the State Lunatic Asylum, priation under the special heading, Blind, dumb, the School for the Blind, and the Deaf-mute Inand deaf. In several States, notably Indiana and stitute. The lunatic asylum is at Little Rock, Iowa, special provision is made for soldiers' or- and has a nominal capacity of 650. The daily phans. In Massachusetts the appropriation for average number of patients is 550. The State insane includes provision for epileptics and dipso- appropriation for two years ending April 1, 1899, maniacs. Nebraska sustains a home for the was $120,000. It is reported that the number of applications for admission is steadily increas. average number of beds occupied, 378; number ing. The total enrollment for the blind school, of in-patients, 4,401; number of out-patients, 772; 1897-98, was 265. The appropriations, 1897-'98, cost per in-patient per day, 67 cents. amounted, in round numbers, to $61,000. The Information concerning charitable institutions total enrollment for the Deaf-mute Institute, supported by cities in this and other States is 1898, was 276. The appropriations, 1897-'98, given in the second part of the article, which is amounted, in round numbers, to $86,000.

devoted exclusively to municipal establishments California.—A very determined effort was under the general heading of Charity. made before the Legislature of 1899 to establish Colorado.-From the official report, 1897-'98, a State board of charities and correction. The concerning State charities, it is gathered that the bill introduced passed both houses, but was re- appropriation for deaf and blind for that year fused by the Governor. A bill for the disestab- was $5,000. This amount was for one institulishment of the Home for Adult Blind, and bills tion, having 115 patients. An expenditure of for the further improvement of the Home for the $50,318.52 is shown for one insane asylum. Care and Training of Feeble-minded Children, and Twenty thousand dollars was appropriated toespecially for the epileptic colony, newly estab- ward the support of dependent children. An aplished under the care of said home, also passed propriation of $40,000 is credited to soldiers and both houses, but were vetoed by the Governor. sailors, and $3,000 for upkeep of the State Board

Two new hospitals have been opened-one sup- of Charity. ported by a charitable Hebrew organization, but The appropriation mentioned above for deabsolutely nonsectarian as to its patients; the pendent and neglected children was a special one, other was organized by representatives of sev- intended to defray the cost of a permanent site eral Protestant churches, the Masonic order, and and building. The lunacy act of the State has Odd Fellows, called the Christian Hospital Asso- been revised, rendering its provisions similar to ciation, and is designed to care for people of a those of New York, and including insistence on good class not able to pay usual hospital rates. the deportation of pauper insane not residents of

Aged and infirm poor are maintained by their the State. Appropriations by the Legislature for respective counties in hospitals, poor farms, and maintenance and improvements recommended by almshouses. In most counties the healthy poor the State Board of Charities and Correction were are not separated from those who are sick or very liberal, considering the condition of the injured. From the counties reporting, 9,375 of State treasury. these two classes have been maintained during The appropriations for 1900 were as follow: the year 1898. In the San Francisco Almshouse State Home for Dependent Children, $15,000; the number reached 1,000.

State Insane Asylum, $30,000; State School for Destitute children are maintained chiefly in or- Mute and Blind, $22,000; State Soldiers' and phanages supported by the State. A few are Sailors' Home, $20,000. allowed in poorhouses in distant counties. Dur. Besides these legislative appropriations, a reguing the half year ending June 30, 1898, 863 or- lar tax of one fifth mill goes to the State School phans, 5,160 half orphans, 536 abandoned children, for Mute and Blind, and a one-fifth-mill tax is and 186 foundlings were supported, at a cost to appropriated for the support of the State Insane the State of $204,701.91.

Asylum. Appropriations in addition to the foreThe two State institutions for the care of the going are made for improvements, for the erection blind are the Home for Adult Blind, in Oakland, of new buildings, and for the purchase of a perand the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind Asylum, in Berke- manent site for the State Home for Dependent iey. There were 237 inmates in the latter insti- Children. tution for 1898. From the former we could ob- An important measure has been passed in the tain no information. In 1897 there were 100 State Legislature, whereby a penalty is imposed inmates,

for the commitment to or retention in county No separate State institution is maintained for temporary homes for dependent children of any deaf-mutes, they being received into the home at demented or idiotic children or children suffering Berkeley with the blind. The Catholic Sisters from incurable or contagious diseases. An effort of St. Joseph have opened during the past year was made to provide for the commitment of such a home for deaf-mutes, and have some 60 pupils. children to the care of the boards of management

Idiotic and feeble-minded persons are kept in of the county homes, in order to have them a home at Eldridge. The number of inmates, under responsible supervision, but not to place 1898, was 576. This included those in the school, them in the homes with other children, and the custodial and industrial departments. The sum matter is still under consideration. A bill to of $199,700 was allowed by the last Legislature transfer the cost of support of children in the for two years' support.

county homes from the State, where it now rests, There are five insane asylums in the State. The to the towns from which the children are comState Insane Asylum is at Stockton. Its nomi- mitted, will probably be defeated. Another bill nal capacity is 1,000 males and 500 females. The has been introduced, providing that no complaint average number of inmates is 1,564. The expendi- should be brought for the commitment of a child ture for this asylum, 1897-'98, was $193,733. The to a county home until after it had been investi. Napa State Asylum for the Insane has a nominal gated and approved by the town committee. capacity of from 900 to 950. According to the Only a portion of the counties have poorhouses latest available report, 1894_'95, the number of or poor farms, relief being given at the homes patients treated during that fiscal year was and the sick being cared for in private hospitals. 1.689. The expenditure for that year is reported The approximate population of dependent pauas being $198,862. The report of the Agnew pers is about 250 in the State. In the Soldiers' State Hospital, at Agnew, shows a nominal ca- Home, March 1, 1899, 146. pacity of 1,000. The number of patients treated. In the State Home for Dependent Children, 1897-'98, was 1,109, the daily average being 914. March 1, 1899, 64; in private orphanages, 500 (ap. The expenditure for the year was $121,169. proximate number); in county institutions, none.

The City and County Hospital, San Francisco, There are 25 hospitals in the State, nearly all is a general hospital. Total receipts, $91,394; total under private auspices, having an average popuexpenditures, $91,394; number of beds, 437; daily lation of about 500.

The State Institution for the Education of the There are no institutions for blind and deafDeaf and Blind on Mareh 1, 1899, had 114 in- mutes. Appropriations from the Legislature permates.

-mit three from each county to enter schools else. There is no institution in the State, either pub- where. lic or private, for feeble-minded children. Statis Appropriations from the Legislature permit five tics show a population of 250 such.

from each county to enter the Feeble-minded The insane in the State Hospital, March 1, School at Elwyn, Pa. 1899, numbered 473; at Dr. Work's sanatorium at The State Hospital for the Insane has 165 men Pueblo, March 1, 1899, 56; in the county hospital, and 120 women patients. The new building Denver, 15; none in county poor farms or jails. erected last year has proved a valuable addition

Connecticut.-From the official report for the and aid in caring for and in the proper treatment year ending Sept. 30, 1898, it is ascertained of cases. The bacteriological department introthat the following appropriations were granted duced by legislative enactment this last year is by the Legislature: Blind, 1 institution, $52,000; considered of marked importance. deaf and dumb, 1 institution, $40,000; insane, 3 District of Columbia.—The bill to create a institutions, $297,000; hospitals, 14 institutions, board of charities for the District of Columbia, $117,000; almshouses, 8 institutions, $129,000. which was carried over from a previous session

A temporary home is provided in each of the of Congress, was crowded out, and failed to re8 counties for the shelter of dependent and neg. ceive final consideration. The Fifty-sixth Conlected children between the ages of four and gress will be asked to consider it. A bill to creeighteen until suitable family homes can be found ate a municipal hospital was introduced, but for them. The average number of inmates in the could not be given an advanced position, and county homes is 680.

consequently failed to receive consideration. Five The sick and injured poor are cared for in a sectarian child-caring institutions were dropped number of city hospitals at the expense of the from the list of assisted institutions. A heavy towns that send them and of the State, which deficiency in current appropriations for care of furnishes appropriations for most of these hos- dependent children under official guardianship pitals. Fitch's Home for Soldiers, at Noroton, was met by adequate appropriation. An approhas an average number of 470 inmates.

priation of $65,000 was secured for new buildings The State has about 70 blind beneficiaries, of for an official institution long neglected. whom 20 are supported at the Perkins Institu- Poor in almshouse, 229; dependent children, tion, South Boston, and about 50 at the Institute 824; in hospitals, 339; blind, 21; deaf-mutes, 36; and Industrial Home for the Blind in Hartford. feeble-minded, 47; insane, 964.

The State supported during the past year 108 Two important charitable organizations have deaf pupils, of whom 74 were at the American recently been established in the District-one, a School for the Deaf, at Hartford, and 34 at the private voluntary corporation, having for its obMystic Oral School.

ject the better care of the adult blind; the other, Feeble-minded children are cared for and in a semipublic corporation, formed, at the solicitastructed at State expense at the Connecticut tion of the local government, for the purpose of School for Imbeciles, Lakeville. Average num receiving such contributions as citizens may make ber, 170.

for the relief of the poor in their own homes, and The Connecticut Hospital for the Insane, at such income from invested funds as has heretoMiddletown, has an average of about 1,900 in- fore usually been distributed to the poor by the mates, but is considerably overcrowded. The metropolitan police. This corporation, known as Retreat for the Insane at Hartford has an aver- the Citizens' Relief Committee, is the result of age of 150 patients. The number of insane per. several years of careful work for the reformation sons in the State is increasing gradually, but it of the troublesome matter of outdoor relief, and has not yet been shown that the increase is out it is believed that it will furnish an agency for of proportion to the increase in population. the distribution of such relief wholly trustworthy,

Bridgeport Hospital is a general hospital. and having for its particular duty the giving of Total receipts, $28,792; total expenditures, $28, outdoor relief. 598; number of beds, 90; daily average number Florida.-It is reported in the statement of of beds occupied, 65; number of in-patients, 819; the Superintendent of Public Instruction issued number of out-patients, — ; cost per in-patient this year that $10,000 was appropriated for 1898 per day, $1.21.

in aid of the Deaf and Blind Institute. This New Haven Hospital is also a general hospital. establishment, according to the last report, proTotal receipts, $55,327; total expenditures, $57, vided for 33 deaf and 9 blind white pupils and 18 145; number of beds, 165; daily average number deaf and 2 blind negro pupils. The superinof beds occupied, 118; number of in-patients, tendent of the Florida Asylum for the Insane, in 1,154; number of out-patients, — ; cost per in- his last report, says that the State appropriation patient per day, $1.33.

granted for 1899 was $70,000. An equal amount Delaware. --The last Legislature made the fol- has also been set aside for 1900. The expenses lowing appropriations: Society for the Preven of the institution for the year ending Dec. 31, tion of Cruelty to Children, $1,800; Babies' Hos- 1898, were $56,850.55. The nominal capacity is pital, $500; State Insane Hospital, $92,000.

650. . The average of poor in poorhouses is about 350 Georgia.—No official statements procurable. It adults and 10 children (temporarily) in the three is learned from unofficial sources that the State county almshouses. The aged poor in homes Lunatic Asylum, Milledgeville, has a nominal caaverage 72.

pacity of 2,400; daily average number, 2,247. The various homes and orphanages provide for Idaho.-The State appropriations for charities all the destitute children of the State. All are for the two years ending January, 1901, is reprivate charities, aided by small appropriations ported as $102.000. Of this total, $12,000 was set from the Legislature and the Levy Court.

apart for blind, dumb, and deaf. The appropriaSick and injured are provided for in county tion for insane patients amounted to $80,000. almshouses and in the Delaware and Homeopathic The sum of $10,000 for the Soldiers' Home is inHospitals. Patients attended in hospitals, 500; cluded in the total amount given. The latest dispensary cases, 3,000.

available report from this State shows that a

1000 forming amount the approsset

measure has become law requiring that the indi- report as required by the board. County boards gent must be supported by the relatives of the of visitation may be appointed by county judges same as far as their ability will permit.

to inspect institutions and societies receiving The State maintains the insane asylum located children under this act. at Blackfoot. It has a nominal capacity of 170; Associations incorporated in other States must daily average, 166. The Soldiers' Home, Boisé furnish the Board of Public Charities with such City, is supported in part by the State, which guarantee as they may require that they will not avails itself of the federal provisions for such introduce children “having any contagious or purposes. Some of the counties maintain poor- incurable disease, or having any deformity, or hov es. The blind, deaf-mute, and feeble-minded being of feeble mind or of vicious character, and children are educated at the expense of the State, that they will remove from the State any child under the direction of the State Superintendent which may become a public charge within five of Public Instruction, who places these defectives years after having been brought in.” in the schools or homes for defective youth of The following details have been made available the adjoining States.

concerning 13 charitable institutions supported Illinois.-- The State appropriations for chari. by the State. The figures given are for the fiscal table institutions, 1899-1900, amounted to $4,285,- year ending June 30, 1898. The expenses shown 361.12. This amount was divided up as follows: are what is known as “ ordinary expenses.” The Blind, $102,967; deaf and dumb, $217,700; insane, number of inmates given represent those remain$3,355,894.12; orphans, $138,100; hospitals for eye ing on June 30, 1898: Northern Insane Hospital: and ear, $74,200; miscellaneous charities, $396,500. inmates, 1,059; expenses, $152,093.16; Eastern

The chief event of the year in the field of chari. Insane Hospital: inmates, 2,216; expenses, $305,ties and correction has been the passage of the 187.49; Central Insane Hospital: inmates, 1,187; bill to regulate the care and treatment of de- expenses, $158,099.67; Southern Insane Hospital: pendent, neglected, and delinquent children. For inmates, 962; expenses, $121,499.79; Western Ina year past the subject has been vigorously agi- sane Hospital: inmates, 354; expenses, $16,599.14; tated. The State Conference of Charities of 1898 Asylum for Insane Criminals: inmates, 152; exdevoted its entire time to this subject. The Board penses, $29,935.50; Institution for the Deaf and of Public Charities considered the subject care- Dumb: expenses, $97,112.41; Institution for the fully. The State Federation of Women's Clubs Blind: expenses, $45,874.26; Asylum for Feebleand many of the local women's clubs discussed minded Children: inmates, 699; expenses, $105,it. The Chicago Bar Association adopted a 634.51; Soldiers' Orphans' Home: inmates, 306; unanimous resolution in favor of suitable legis expenses, $58,926.45; Eye and Ear Infirmary: inlation, and appointed a committee to draft a bill. mates, 101; expenses, $28,769.61; Soldiers' and The committee consulted with representatives of Sailors' Home: inmates, 1,399; expenses, $145,the children's institutions and the various or- 120.95; Soldiers' Widows' Home: inmates, 23; ganizations interested, and finally produced a bill expenses, $7,053.02. which, after considerable amendment, became a Indiana.—The sum expended by the State in law.

behalf of charitable institutions for the year endThe purpose of the bill is expressed in its last ing October, 1898, was $901.009.66. This amount section, as follows: “ This act shall be liberally was divided up as follows: Blind, $31,235.04; construed, to the end that its purpose may be deaf, $64,627.77; insane, $549,559.24; soldiers' and carried out, to wit: that the care, custody, and other orphans, $93,637.99; Soldiers' Home, $78,discipline of a child shall approximate, as nearly 110.61; for feeble-minded, $83,839.01. as may be, that which should be given by its The Legislature made specific appropriations parents; and, in all cases where it can be prop to the Central Hospital for Insane to the amount erly done, the child be placed in an approved of $178,000, of which $49,000 was to provide for family home, and become a member of the family two dining rooms for men and one for women, by legal adoption or otherwise."

and $110,000 for a hospital. These changes will The bill is outlined as follows: A “juvenile increase the capacity of the institution by 205. court” is established in the city of Chicago, to Specific appropriations were made to the Northbe presided over by a circuit judge chosen by his ern Hospital for Insane, amounting to $85,000, fellow-judges. Confinement of children under $80,000 of which is to be used to erect new buildtwelve years of age in county jails or police sta ings, one for men, the other for women, with a tions is prohibited. Probation officers are au capacity of 100 each. The Eastern Hospital for thorized, but without public compensation. Chil- the Insane received $75,200, out of which are to dren are brought before the court by summons be built two hospital cottages, one each for men instead of warrant.

and women, to accommodate 30 beds each, cost* Dependent children ”-i. e., those dependent ing $33,000, and one cottage for men with a on the public, homeless, abandoned, begging, ped- capacity of 48, costing $28,900. The Southern dling, performing, cruelly treated, having vicious Hospital for Insane received specific appropriaparents, etc., having been adjudged dependent- tions amounting to $60,000, including $40,000 for may be committed to the guardianship of an in- the erection of a wing to accommodate 132 padividual, a society, or an institution, with power tients. to dispose of by adoption or indenture.

An appropriation was made to build and fur“Delinquent children”-i. e., offenders against nish a dwelling house for the superintendent of State laws or municipal ordinances—may be com- the Institution for the Deaf, by reason of which mitted to an institution or to the care of a pro- it will be possible to readjust the disposition of bation officer or to an accredited association. inmates so as to accommodate 40 more. For

The law provides that it shall be unlawful to the School for Feeble-minded $47,000 was approconfine any in the same building or in the same priated specifically, $42,500 of which is to be used yard or inclosure with adult convicts, or to bring for the erection of two custodial cottages, one to any child into any yard or building in which accommodate 100 girls, the other 100 boys. adult convicts may be present.

During the past year societies for organizing Associations receiving children under this act charity have been formed in Franklin and Alexare subjected to the supervision and inspection andria. In the latter place work among tramps of the State Board of Public Charities, and must is receiving particular attention. A Home for

VOL. XXXIX.-9 A

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