Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Over recent years , there has been a return to more Westernized working hours .
The trend first became apparent in Jakarta and gradually spread to Surabaya ,
initially in the private sector . Punctuality is again emphasized , to some extent ...
These figures nevertheless disguise important trends in participation rates by
gender . ... On the other hand and despite a rising trend in female school
attendance , the proportion of workingage women in the workforce increased
from 23 ...
when the balance of trade had Auctuated without any clear trend , from 1983 the
balance of trade showed a sustained improvement . By 1990 Surabaya ' s trade
performance matched that at the height of the Korean War boom and was ...