Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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He reported that none of these people could be classified as in need . All lived
either in their own homes or with other families and could still find other kinds of
work at lower wages : at the start of the dry season in May and June work was ...
As Dutch troops evacuated the city , Parindra sources reported seeing many
soldiers throwing their uniforms into the Kali Mas : “ Surabaya had nothing of the
appearance of a large city . On the roads neither cars nor pony carts ( dokar )
were to ...
Officials reported no serious food shortage and some vegetables and fruit were
sold to Surabaya . Relations with the hinterland beyond the Allied line were
almost completely broken . By various means , including flooding , the