Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The worst problem was the northwest flood basin , which had silted so badly that
at high tide the saltwater flowed back into kampung drains , creating brackish
conditions ideal for breeding the anopheles mosquito . In 1950 the Department of
The fundamental problems were lack of investment , lack of maintenance , and
lack of a market . ... Command for Economic Operations ( KOTOE ) set up the
Clothing Team ( Team Sandang ) to attack the problem and take over the
The most difficult problem was the clearance of squatters who lined the banks of
the Kali Mas from Wonokromo to below Jembatan Merah . In 1975 it was
estimated that around twenty thousand families , or a hundred thousand people ...