Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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2 million tonnes of sugar in both 1928 and 1929 , their export value was static in
1928 and fell by 14 percent in 1929 ( IV 1930 ) . By late 1929 the signs of the
imminent depression were unambiguous . From then on it was downhill all the
point was the assumption that the population of Surabaya would grow from
almost 2 million in 1970 to around 5 . 5 million by 2000 . Accordingly it was
desirable to establish land use categories for the entire area of the municipality
— and even ...
By tonnage , however , Java ' s sugar exports peaked at around 3 million tonnes
in 1928 and 1929 : of this East Java shipped about 1 . 8 million tonnes , and
Surabaya alone about 1 . 2 million tonnes . During the depression of the 1930s