Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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By the mid - 1980s such measures had begun to achieve rapid and sustained
growth in manufactured exports . ... transport links with the rest of the province ,
Surabaya was as ever the favored place in East Java to locate manufacturing
workforce were , not surprisingly , retail trade ( mainly small stalls ) , restaurants
and warung ( food stalls ) , manufacturing , and transport and communications .
Manufacturing enterprises were larger than average ( 3 . 7 persons ) , which
From 1985 to 1992 this was masked by defective estimates of gross regional
domestic product ( GRDP ) which showed the share of the manufacturing sector (
including the utilities : power , gas , and water ) as fairly constant at around 20 ...