Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Governor - General Herman Willem Daendels ( 1808 – 11 ) , who reached
Batavia just a month later , was a man of much military experience in the
Netherlands and recognized that Surabaya was more defensible than the open
roadsteads of ...
... demand for local doctors resulting from the plague epidemic of 1911 seems to
have been the main factor behind the decision two years later to establish a
medical school ( Nederlandsch - Indische Artsenschool , NIAS ) in Surabaya .
Fourteen months later the line was extended southward from Bangil to the small
highland town of Malang , after which the Pasuruan line was extended eastward
along the coast to the neighboring sugar port of Probolinggo . A westward line ...