Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Revolutionary virtue involved bringing enlightenment to the masses . The
outcome was a de facto dual system , in which all schools nominally followed the
same curriculum but some schools adhered to a much higher standard than
... ( 1936 ) ( Wirodihardjo 1951 ) . The Crisis Import Ordinance of September 1933
was followed in 1934 by the Industry Regulation Ordinance (
Bedrijfsreglementeeringsordonnantie ) , which provided a legal basis for capacity
controls to prevent ...
... dominant connection — a shuttle service for businessmen and officials , with
over thirty flights per day . Beyond Java the main connections were with
Makassar ( 11 ) and Denpasar ( 10 ) , als . Manado GAPORE 5 / 51 followed by