Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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As income rises , families give high priority to more space . Poorer families are
unhappy to put up with kampung houses that are much smaller and more closely
crowded than in the village , which is seen as perhaps the greatest ...
Assuming an average family size of five , by 1939 there was one car for almost
every European family but only one in five Chinese or Arab families and one in
thirty thousand Indonesian families . Residents of the new suburbs such as
In 1918 , to make way for the new industrial estate , the Municipality also began
similarly to arrange the removal of the 457 families between the river and the
railway , to substitute land being made available at Ngagelrejo on the other side