Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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In November 1916 , three years after Jakarta , a Local Health Service (
Gezondheidsdienst ) was established under the new inspectorate with specific
responsibility for the city of Surabaya ( SGS 1917 ) . Its task was not patient care
Together with the medical faculty and the regional laboratory of the Public Health
Service , it also established the city as a center of research in tropical medicine .
During the interwar years the private hospital system also greatly expanded .
The increased demand for local doctors resulting from the plague epidemic of
1911 seems to have been the main factor behind the decision two years later to
establish a medical school ( Nederlandsch - Indische Artsenschool , NIAS ) in ...