Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The analogy with the apparently inexplicable behavior of better - off kampung
dwellers went begging . Another conflict arose with the introduction of water
meters . To reduce fecal pollution and control the spread of infectious diseases
such as ...
Kampung dwellers knew the exchange value of their small parcels but not what
they were worth when consolidated into large blocks for redevelopment . It was
therefore very easy for a developer to pay the going kampung price and keep the
Since many kampung dwellers , and often entire communities , had gained
occupancy in more disordered times on the basis of verbal agreements with now
deceased landholders or former government officials , their formal title was
difficult to ...