Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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For the first year of so Surabaya was spared direct contact with the war , but its
indirect effects became ever more apparent . One of the very first measures of
Japanese military rule was to forbid the use of gasoline for all but official use and
became the headquarters of the Committee for Public Safety ( BKR ) , shortly to
be renamed the Army of Public Safety ( Tentara Keamanan Rakyat , TKR ) . The
thousands of remaining Japanese were interned . Huge quantities of arms now ...
Government became involved with markets at an early stage as a means of
raising revenue . Until the mid - nineteenth century , the colonial government
farmed out the management of markets , invariably to Chinese , thereby enjoying
the tax ...