Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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However , its capital base was destroyed in 1966 by introduction of the new
rupiah at one - thousandth of the former value . Remaining funds were used to
pay off the original central government loan , now much devalued by inflation ,
but that ...
Expenditures by the naval base had already doubled between 1935 and 1938 ,
and by 1939 the workforce had expanded to around eight thousand , excluding
another four thousand seagoing personnel and eight hundred at the naval Aying
4 ) , the space between the fort and the naval base remained wasteland . The
movement of economic activity downstream awaited the demolition of the
fortifications after the 1870s and the completion of railway links . After 1890 the
OJS steam ...