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ACT OF 1930 (10) Any other facts deemed necessary to a proper appraisement, examination, and classification of the merchandise that the Secretary of the Treasury may require.

(b) SHIPMENTS NOT PURCHASED AND NOT SHIPPED BY MANUFACTURER.-If the merchandise is shipped to a person in the United States by a person other than the manufacturer, otherwise than by purchase, such person shall state on the invoice the time when, the place where, the person from whom such merchandise was purchased, and the price paid therefor in the currency of the purchase, stating whether gold, silver, or paper.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922 "J. That when merchandise entered for customs (10) Any other facts deemed necessary to a proper duty has been consigned for sale by or on account appraisement, examination, and classification of of the manufacturer thereof, to a person, agent, the merchandise that the Secretary of the Treasury partner, or consignee in the United States, such may require. person, agent, partner, or consignee shall, at the (b) II the merchandise is shipped to a person in time of the entry of such merchandise, present to the the United States by a person other than the manucollector of customs at the port where such entry facturer, otherwise than by purchase, such person is made, as a part of such entry, and in addition to shall state on the invoice the time when, the place the certified invoice or statement in the form of where, the person from whom such merchandise an invoice required by law, a statement signed by was purchased, and the price paid therefor in the such manufacturer, declaring the cost of production currency of the purchase, stating whether gold, of such merchandise, such cost to include all the silver, or paper. elements of cost as stated in paragraph L of this Act. When merchandise entered for customs duty has been consigned for sale by or on account of a person other than the manufacturer of such merchandise, to a person, agent, partner, or consignee in the United States, such person, agent, partner, or consignee shall at the time of the entry of such merchandise present to the collector of customs at the port where such entry is made, as a part of such entry, a statement signed by the consignor thereof, dedaring that the merchandise was actually purchased by him or for his account, and showing the time when, the place where, and from whom he purchased the merchandise, and in detail the price he paid for the same: Provided, That the statements required by this section shall be made in triplicate, and shall bear the attestation of the consular officer of the United States resident within the consular district wherein the merchandise was manufactured, if consigned by the manufacturer or for his account, or from whence it was imported when consigned by a person other than the manufacturer, one copy thereof to be delivered to the person making the statement, one copy to be transmitted with the triplicate invoice of the merchandise to the collector of the port in the United States to which the merchandise is consigned, and the remaining copy to be filed in the consulate.

(c) PURCHASES IN DIFFERENT CONSULAR DISTRICTS.—When the merchandise has been purchased in different consular districts for shipment to the United States and is assembled for shipment and embraced in a single invoice which is produced for certification under the provisions of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of section 482 of this Act, the invoice shall have attached thereto the original bills or invoices received by the shipper, or extracts therefrom, showing the actual prices paid or to be paid for such merchandise. The consular officer to whom the invoice is so produced for certification may require that any such original bill or invoice be certified by the consular officer for the district in which the merchandise was purchased.

“W. That where merchandise purchased or man- (c) When the merchandise has been purchased in ufactured in different consular districts in the same different consular districts for shipment to the country is assembled for shipment and embraced in United States and is assembled for shipment and a single invoice and consulated at the shipping embraced in a single invoice which is produced for point, such invoice shall have attached thereto the certification under the provisions of paragraph (2) original bills or invoices or statements in the nature of subdivision (a) of section 482 of this Act, the inof such, showing the prices actually paid, contracted voice shall have attached thereto the original bills to be paid, fixed, or determined, and in connection or invoices received by the shipper, or extracts with each such purchase or consignment the invoice therefrom, showing the actual prices paid or to be shall state all charges and expenses as provided in paid for such merchandise. The consular officer paragraph R of this section.

to whom the invoice is so produced for certification may require that any such original bill or invoice be certified by the consular officer for the district

in which the merchandise was purchased. (d) EXCEPTIONS BY REGULATIONS.—The Secretary of the Treasury may by regulations provide for such exceptions from the requirements of this section as he deems advisable. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

[No corresponding provision in act of 1922.)

ACT OF 1930

SEC. 482. CERTIFIED INVOICE.

(a) CERTIFICATION IN GENERAL.-Every invoice covering merchandise exceeding $100 in value shall, at or before the time of the shipment of the merchandise, or as soon thereafter as the conditions will permit, be produced for certification to the consular officer of the United States

(i) For the consular district in which the merchandise was manufactured, or purchased, or from which it was to be delivered pursuant to contract;

(2) For the consular district in which the merchandise is assembled and repacked for shipment to the United States, if it has been purchased in different consular districts.

(b) DECLARATION.-Such invoices shall have indorsed thereon, when so produced, a verified declaration, in a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, stating whether the merchandise is sold or agreed to be sold, or whether it is shipped otherwise than in pursuance of a purchase or an agreement to purchase, that there is no other invoice differing from the invoice so produced, and that all the statements contained in such invoice and in such declaration are true and correct.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

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D. That all such invoices shall, at or before the shipment of the merchandise, be produced to the consular officer of the United States of the consular district in which the merchandise was manufactured, or purchased, or contracted to be delivered from, or when purchased or agreements for purchase are made in several places, in the consular district where the merchandise is assembled for shipment, as the case may be, for export to the United States, and shall have indorsed thereon, when so produced, a declaration signed by the purchaser, seller, manufacturer, owner, or agent, setting forth that the invoice is in all respects correct and true and was made at the place from which the merchandise is to be exported to the United States;

SEC. 482. DECLARATIONS ACCOMPANYING CERTIFIED INVOICES.-(a) Every invoice covering merchandise exceeding $100 in value shall, at or before the time of the shipment of the merchandise, or as soon thereafter as the conditions will permit, be produced for certification to the consular officer of the United States

(1) For the consular district in which the merchandise was manufactured, or purchased, or from which it was be delivered pursuant to contract;

(2) For the consular district in which the merchandise is assembled and repacked for shipment to the United States, if it has been purchased in different consular districts.

(b) Such invoices shall have indorsed thereon, when so produced, a verified declaration, in a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, stating whether the merchandise is sold or agreed to be sold, or whether it is shipped otherwise than in pursuance of a purchase or an agreement to purchase, that there is no other invoice differing from the invoice so produced, and that all the statements contained in such invoice and in such declaration are true and correct.

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(c) MAKING AND SIGNING.-Every certified invoice shall be made out in triplicate, or, for merchandise intended for immediate transportation under the provisions of section 552 of this Act, in quadruplicate, if desired by the shipper, and shall be signed by the seller or shipper, or the agent of either; but a person who has no interest in the merchandise except as broker or forwarder shall not be competent to sign any such invoice. Where any such invoice is signed by an agent, he shall state thereon the name of his principal. "C.

and shall be made in triplicate or (c) Every certified invoice shall be made out in in quadruplicate in case of merchandise intended triplicate or in quadruplicate, if desired by the for immediate transportation without appraise- shipper, for merchandise intended for immediate ment, and signed by the person owning or shipping transportation, under the provisions of section 552 the same, if the merchandise has been actually pur- of this Act, and shall be signed by the seller or chased, or price agreed upon, fixed, or determined, shipper, or the agent of either. Where any such or by the manufacturer or owner thereof, if the same invoice is signed by an agent, he shall state thereon has been procured otherwise than by purchase, or the name of his principal. agreement of purchase, or by the duly authorized agent of such purchaser, seller, manufacturer, or

owner.

(d) CERTIFIED UNDER EXISTING LAW.-Such invoices shall be certified in accordance with the provisions of existing law. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

(d) Such invoices shall be certified in accordance

with the provisions of existing law. (e) DISPOSITION.—The original of the invoice and, if made, the quadruplicate shall be delivered to the exporter, to be forwarded to the consignee for use in making entry of the merchandise, and the triplicate shall be promptly transmitted by the consular officer to the collector of customs at the port of entry named in the invoice. The duplicate shall be filed in the office of the consular officer by whom the invoice was certified, to be there kept until the Secretary of State authorizes its destruction. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

(e) The original of the invoice shall be filed in the office of the consular officer by whom it was certified, to be there kept until the Secretary of State authorizes its destruction. The duplicate, and, if made, the quadruplicate shall be delivered to the exporter, to be forwarded to the consignee for use in making entry of the merchandise and the triplicate shall be promptly transmitted by the consular officer to the collector of customs at the port of entry named in the invoice.

ACT OF 1930 () CERTIFICATION BY OTHERS THAN AMERICAN CONSUL.-When merchandise is to be shipped from a place so remote from an American consulate as to render impracticable certification of the invoice by an American consular officer, such invoice may be certified by a consular officer of a nation at the time in amity with the United States, or if there be no such consular officer available such invoice shall be executed before a notary public or other officer having authority to administer oaths and having an official seal: Provided, That invoices for merchandise shipped to the United States from the Philippine Islands, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the island of Guam, or the Canal Zone may be certified by the collector of customs or the person acting as such, or by his deputy. ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922 (No corresponding provision in act of 1913.) (1) When merchandise is to be shipped from a

place so remote from an American consulate as to render impracticable certification of the invoice by an American consular officer, such invoice may be certified by a consular officer of a nation at the time in amity with the United States, or if there be no such consular officer available such invoice shall be executed before a notary public or other officer hav. ing authority to administer oaths and having an official seal: Provided, That invoices for merchandise shipped to the United States from the Philippine Islands or any of its other possessions may be certi. fied by the collector of customs or the person acting

as such, or by his deputy. (8) EFFECTIVE DATE.—This section shall take effect sixty days after the date of enactment of this Act. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

[No corresponding provision in act of 1922.]

ACT OF 1930

SEC. 483. CONSIGNEE AS OWNER OF MERCHANDISE.

For the purposes of this title(1) All merchandise imported into the United States shall be held to be the property of the person to whom the same is consigned; and the holder of a bill of lading duly indorsed by the consignee therein named, or, if consigned to order, by the consignor, shall be deemed the consignee thereof. The underwriters of abandoned merchandise and the salvors of merchandise saved from a wreck at sea or on or along a coast of ihe l'nited States may be regarded as the consignees. ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

SEC. III. A.

SEC. 483. OWNERSHIP FOR ENTRY.-All merchan“B. That all merchandise imported into the dise imported into the United States shall, for the United States shall, for the purpose of this Act, be purposes of this title, be held to be the property of deemed and held to be the property of the person to the person to whom the same is consigned; and the whom the same is consigned; and the holder of a bill holder of a bill of lading duly indorsed by the conof lading duly indorsed by the consignee therein signee therein named, or, if consigned to order, by named, or, if consigned to order, by the consignor, the consignor, shall be deemed the consignee thereshall be deemed the consignee thereof; and in case of of. The underwriters of abandoned merchandise the abandonment of any merchandise to the under- and the salvors of merchandise saved from a wreck writers the latter may be recognized as the con- at sea or on or along a coast of the United States signee.

may, for such purposes, be regarded as the con

signees. (2) A person inaking entry of merchandise under the provisions of subdivision (h) or (i) of section 484 (relating to entry on carrier's certificate and on duplicate bill of lading, respectively) shall be deemed the sole consignee thereof. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

[No corresponding provision in act of 1922.]

ACT OF 1930

SEC. 484. ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE.

(a) REQUIREMENT AND TIME.-Except as provided in sections 490, 498, 552, and 553 and in subdivision (j) of section 336 of this Act, and in subdivisions (h) and (i) of this section, the consignee of imported merchandise shall make entry therefor either in person or by an agent authorized by him in writing under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. Such entry shall be made at the custom. house within forty-eight hours, exclusive of Sundays and holidays, after the entry of the importing vessel or report of the vehicle, or after the arrival at the port of destination in the case of merchandise transported in hond, unless the collector authorizes in writing a longer time.

(b) PRODUCTION OF CERIIFIED INVOICE.- No merchandise shall be admitted to entry under the provisions of this section without the production of a certified invoice therefor, except that entry may be permitted if

(1) The collector is satisfied that the failure to produce such invoice is due to causes beyond the control of the person making entry;

(2) Such person ruakes a verified declaration in writing that he is unable to produce such invoice and (A) files therewith a seller's or shipper's invoice, or (B) if he is not in possession of a seller's or shipper's invoice files therewith a statement of the value, or the price paid, in the form of an invoice; and

ACT OF 1930

(3) Such person gives a bond for the production of such certified invoice within six months.

The Secretary of the Treasury may by regulations provide for such exceptions from the requirements of this subdivision as he deems advisable. ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

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Sec. III. A.

SEC. 484. ENTRY.-(a) Except as provided in

sections 490, 498, 552, and 553 and in subsection (d) E. That, except in case of personal effects of section 315 of this Act, the consignee of imported accompanying the passenger, no importation of any merchandise shall make entry therefor either in merchandise exceeding $100 in value shall be ad- person or by an agent authorized by him in writing mitted to entry without the production of a duly under such regulations as the Secretary of the certified invoice thereof as required by law, or of an Treasury may prescribe. Such entry shall be affidavit made by the owner, importer, or con- made at the customhouse within forty-eight hours, signee, before the collector or his deputy, showing exclusive of Sundays and holidays, after the entry why it is impracticable to produce such invoice; of the importing vessel or report of the vehicle, or and no entry shall be made in the absence of a certi- after the arrival at the port of destination in the fied invoice, upon affidvit as aforesaid, unless such case of merchandise transported in bond, unless affidavit be accompanied by a statement in the the collector authorizes in writing a longer time. form of an invoice, or otherwise, showing the actual (b) No merchandise shall be admitted to entry cost of such merchandise, if purchased, or if ob- under the provisions of this section without the tained otherwise than by purchase, the actual production of a certified invoice therefor, except market value or wholesale price thereof at the time that entry may be permitted if of exportation to the United States in the principal (1) The collector is satisfied that the failure to markets of the country from which the same has produce such invoice is due to causes beyond the been imported, which statement shall be verified control of the person making entry; by the oath of the owner, importer, consignee, or (2) Such person makes a verified declatarion in agent desiring make entry of the merchandise, to writing that he is unable to produce such invoice be administered by the collector or his deputy, and and (A) files therewith a seller's or shipper's invoice, it shall be lawful for the collector or his deputy to or (B) if he is not in possession of a seller's or shipexamine the deponent under oath, touching the per's invoice files therewith a statement of the sources of his knowledge, information, or belief in value, or the price paid, in the form of an invoice; the premises, and to require him to produce any and letter, paper, or statement of account in his posses- (3) Such person gives a bond in a penal sum to sion, or under his control, which may assist the offi- be fixed by the Secretary of the Treasury for the cers of customs in ascertaining the actual value of production of such certified invoice within six the importetion or any part therof, and in default months, and the payment of the penal sum so fixed of such production, when so requested, such owner, as liquidated damages in the event such invoice is importer, consignee, or agent shall be thereafter not so produced. debarred from producing any such letter, paper, or statement for the purpose of avoiding any additional duty, penalty, or forfeiture incurred under this Act, unless he shall show to the satisfaction of the court or the officers of the customs, as the case may be, that it was not in his power to produce the same when so demanded; and no merchandise shall be admitted to entry under the provisions of this section unless the collector shall be satisfied that the failure to produce a duly certified invoice is due to causes beyond the control of the owner, consignee, or agent thereof:

And when entry of merchandise exceeding $100 in value is made by a statement in the form of an invoice, the collector shall require a bond for the production of a duly certified invoice.

(C) PRODUCTION OF BILL OF LADING.–The consignee shall produce the bill of lading at the time of making entry, except that

(1) If the collector is satisfied that no bill of lading has been issued, the shipping receipt or other evidence satisfactory to the collector may be accepted in lieu thereof; [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

(c) The consignee shall produce the bill of lading at the time of making entry, except that

(1) If the collector is satisfied that no bill of lading has been issued, the shipping receipt or other evi. dence satisfactory to the collector may be accepted

in lieu thereof; and (2) The collector is authorized to permit entry and to release merchandise from customs custody with. out the production of the bill of lading if the person making such entry gives a bond satisfactory to the collector, in a sum equal to not less than one and one-half times the invoice value of the merchandise, to produce such bill of lading, to relieve the collector of all liability, to indemnify the collector against loss, to defend every action brought upon a claim for loss or damage, by reason of such release from customs custody or a failure to produce such bill of lading and to entitle any person injured by reason of such release from customs custody to sue on such bond in his own name, without making the collector a party thereto. Any person so injured by such release may sue on such bond to recover any damages so sustained by him; and (No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

(2) The collector is authorized to permit entry and to release merchandise from customs custody without the production of the bill of lading if the person making such entry gives a bond satisfactory to the collector, in a sum equal to not less than one and one-half times the invoice value of the merchandise, to produce such bill of lading, to relieve the collector of all liability, to indemnify the collector against loss, to defend every action brought upon a claim for loss or damage, by reason of such release from customs custody or a failure to produce such

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922 bill of lading and to entitle any person injured by reason of such release from customs custody to sue on such bond in his own name, without making the collector a party thereto. Any person so injured by such release may sue on such bond to recover

any damages so sustained by him. ACT OF 1930

(3) The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply in the case of an entry under subdivision (h) or (i) of this section (relating to entry on carrier's certificate and on duplicate bill of lading, respectively). [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

[No corresponding provision in act of 1922.) (d) SIGNING AND CONTENTS.-Such entry shall be signed by the consignee, or his agent, and shall set forth such facts in regard to the importation as the Secretary of the Treasury may require for the purpose of assessing duties and to secure a proper examination, inspection, appraisement, and liquidation, and shall be accompanied by such invoices, bills of lading, certificates, and documents as are required by law and regulations promulgated thereunder. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

(d) Such entry shall be signed by the consignee, or his agent, and shall set forth such facts in regard to the importation as the Secretary of the Treasury may require for the purpose of assessing duties and to secure a proper examination, inspection, appraisement, and liquidation, and shall be accompanied by such invoices, bills of lading, certificates and documents as are required by law and regulations pro

mulgated thereunder. (e) STATISTICAL ENUMERATION.-The Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Chairman of the United States Tariff Commission are authorized and directed to establish from time to time for statistical purposes an enumeration of articles in such detail as in their judgment may be necessary, comprehending all merchandise imported into the United States, and as a part of the entry there shall be attached thereto or included therein an accurate statement specifying, in terms of such detailed enumeration, the kinds and quantities of all merchandise imported and the value of the total quantity of each kind of article. F. *

That the Secretary of the Treasury (e) The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secreand the Secretary of Commerce are hereby author- tary of Commerce are authorized and directed to ized and directed to establish from time to time for establish from time to time for statistical purposes statistical purposes a list or enumeration of articles an enumeration of articles in such detail as in their in such detail as in their judgment may be necessary judgment may be necessary, comprehending all: comprehending all goods, wares, and merchandise merchandise imported into the United States, and imported into the United States, and that as a part as a part of the entry there shall be attached thereto of the declaration herein provided there shall be or included therein an accurate statement specifyeither attached thereto or included therein an ing, in terms of such detailed enumeration, the accurate statement specifying, in the terms of the kinds and quantities of all merchandise imported said detailed list or enumeration, the kinds and and the value of the total antity of each kind of quantities of all merchandise imported, and the article. value of the total quantity of each kind of article, and it shall be the duty of the consular officer, to whom the invoice shall be produced, to require

ed such information to be given.

(1) PACKAGES INCLUDED.-If any of the certificates or documents necessary to make entry of any part of merchandise arriving on one vessel or vehicle and consigned to one consignee have not arrived, such part may be entered subsequently, and notation of the packages or cases to be omitted from the original entry shall be inade thereon. One or more packages arriving on one vessel or vehicle addressed for delivery to one person and imported in another package containing packages addressed for delivery to other persons may be separately entered, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. All other merchandise arriving on one vessel or vehicle and consigned to one consignee shall be included in one entry. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

(f) If any of the certificates or documents necesa sary to make entry of any part of merchandise arriv: ing on one vessel or vehicle and consigned to one consignee have not arrived, such part may be entered subsequently, and notation of the packages or cases to be omitted from the original entry shall be made thereon. One or more packages arriving. on one vessel or vehicle addressed for delivery to one person and imported in another package containing packages addressed for delivery to other persons may be separately entered, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. All other merchandise arriving on one vessel or vehicle and consigned to one consignee

shall be included in one entry. (g) STATEMENT OF COST OF PRODUCTION.-Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, the collector or the appraiser may require a verified statement from the manufacturer or producer showing the cost of production of the imported merchandise, when necessary to the appraisement of such merchandise. (No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

(g) Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, the collector or the appraiser may require a verified statement from the manufacturer or producer showing the cost of production of the imported merchandise, when necessary to the appraisement of such merchandise.

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