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For the Use of Schools, Teachers' Institutes

and for Private Instruction

BY

LEWIS RHOTON

MEMBER OF THE LITTLE ROCK BAR, AND LATE PRINCIPAL OF THE LITTLE ROCK

PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL

AND

WILLIAM J. GALBRAITH

PROFESSOR OF CIVICS IN WISCONSIN STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, WHITEWATER, AND LATE

PRINCIPAL OF CENTENNIAL PUBLIC SCHOOL, LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS

RICHMOND, VA.
B. F. JOHNSON PUBLISHING CO.

us 8520,5

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PREFACE.

One aim of our schools should be to inculcate the principles of true citizenship. The state of Arkansas expends about $1,250,000 annually for the education of her children. It goes without saying that citizens should be honest, industrious, law-abiding, and patriotic; but one might possess all these desirable attributes, and still fall far short of the ideal citizen. The slave, who, after three centuries of bondage, was by three amendments, within less than five years, given freedom, citizenship, and suffrage, was not thereby invested with that quality which is the sine qua non of a true citizen of a republic. For in a republic one must possess a knowledge of the working principles of one's government, that will enable one to select intelligently the school, township, county, state, city, and national servants, and, if need be, to become oneself a useful public servant. Strong and abiding convictions are born only of intelligence. Knowledge is the parent of love; and an enduring love must be based upon a thorough understanding of its object. Therefore, patriotism, love of one's country, can find lodgment in the breast of him, only, who has made a careful study of the history of his people and the principles of the government under which he lives.

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