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uate the disquietude from which Europe had The Austrian and Hungarian Delegations already suffered long enough. The third ob- met in Pesth on November 7th. In reply to jection referred to the too great extension of an address from the Delegations the Emperor the small neighboring States. Not only was it said : not against the interests of Austria-Hungary that these communities should improve and present session, I receive with double satisfaction
In view of the great task which awaits you in the better their condition, but, on the contrary, the assurances of your loyal sentiments. The sitthis country had coöperated at the Conference uation was an earnest one when the Delegations last with those who urged that Montenegro should assembled.
Events in the East had entered into receive some increase of territory; but exten
a decisive phase; we stood on the eve of a Congress sion must neither be in such measure nor in
which was to bring the results of the war into
mony with the requirements of the European balsuch a direction as to interfere with Austria's
ance of power, and with the interests of the Monnatural lines of communication with the East, archy, which were closely affected. With a patriotand be, as it were, a stimulus to further aspi- the means were given my Government which enrations calculated to cause continual disquie- abled it to make its ivfluence successfully felt in tude and agitation. In pointing out these ob both directions during and after the Congress. It jections, the Minister said he only wished to is a matter of sincere satisfaction to me that the indicate the general direction he had followed Congress succeeded in averting the imminent danand would adhere to without any mental re
ger of a European war. The consistent and genservation at the Congress. He had given frank
eral fulfillment of the Treaty of Berlin, for which my
Governmont will loyally stand up, is calculated to expression to these views in St. Petersburg and effectually prevent the return of the dangers which elsewhere.
threatened the peace of Europe and our own interOn May 25th the Austrian Governinent oc
ests. The Powers assembled in Berlin decided that cupied, at the request of the Turkish Govern- the occupation and administration of Bosnia and ment, the fortress of Ada Kaleh on the Dan- IIerzegovina should be intrusted
I accepted this task ; but I regret that, in ube. The fortress is situated on an island consequeuce of the deep-rooted confusion in the inwhich extends along the Austrian bank of the ternal state of those countries, it was not possiblo Danube, from which is separated only by a
to carry out the work of occupation peacefully. The small branch of the river; while the main resistance, however, which anarchical elements op
posed to our good intentions yielded in a short time stream lies between it and the Servian shore
to the bravery of my troops. On this occasion the opposite. The island till the middle of the army, based on general liability to military service, last century formed part of the Austrian terri- stood' the test brilliantly. I congratulate you on its tory, and not only does most of the fortress
success, gentlemen, as representatives of those peodate from that time, but even some of the ples from the midst of whom the army has issued,
and likewise as members of those representative original guns remain.
bodies who have supported my Government with The session of the Austrian Delegation was discrimination and patriotism in the development of closed on June 8th after the common budget, the defensive power of the Monaroby. The prompt amounting to 106,673,466 florins, had been
and thorough solution of our military task bas freed
the populations of Bosnia and Herzegovina from tho passed. The Austrian Reichsrath, after the terrorism of agitators, and has made it possible for passage of the compromise bill (see HUNGARY) me to order the recall
' of a considerablo portion of was closed on June 28th.
the army of occupation. It will now be the earnest In the beginning of July Freiherr von Zoll- endeavor of my Government to harmonize tho sacheim, the Cis-Leithan Minister of the Interior, dition of the Monarchy, and to hasten the time when
rifices demanded by this task with the financial conresigned on account of ill health, and Prince the administration of Bosnia and Herzegovina may Auersperg was temporarily intrusted with the be supported by the revenues of these countries. department.
The hope that this will succeed appears all the betOn July 30th the Austrian army, in accord
ter founded, as our relations to all the Powers conance with the provision of the treaty of Ber- the sacrifices demanded of you; great historical
tinue to bo most excellent. Gentlemen, great are lin, entered Bosnia. (See TURKEY.)
events, to prevent which lay not in the power of The Reichsrath reassembled on October 22d. any single State, have claimed from the monarchy In the Lower IIouse the President thanked the unusual exertions; but I am animated þy the conarmy for its bravery, heroism, and self-sacrifice, discrimination of their representatives will prove
fidence that the patriotism of my peoples and the and his remarks were received with loud cheers. equal to the greatness of the historical occasion... I The Austrian estimates for 1879, which were am convinced that you will unite your efforts with distributed
to the members, showed a reduc- those of my Government in order that the work betion of 12,000,000 forins in the expenditure, gun in the interest of European peace and the prop, and a decrease of 4,000,000 forics in the rev: pority and dignity of the Monarchy may be happily
terminated. In this firm confidence, I wish you enue, as compared with 1878.
success in your work and greet you heartily.
STATES AND TERRITO
655 467 73 12 136 14 13 23 161
1 698 353
87 330 195 SOS 416 154
33 327 298
99 839 876 SO
3 93 205
1 913 536
43 290 924
113 1.305 1,9,14 141
3 65 173
1 872 1.725 613
BACK, Sir George, Admiral, a distin The following is a summary of the statistics guished Arctic navigator, died on Sunday, June of the Regular Baptist churches in the United 23d, at the age of 81. Born in 1796 he entered States, as they are given in the "American the royal navy in 1808, and the following year Baptist Year Book” for 1878: was taken prisoner by the French and kept in captivity for five years.
In 1819 he accompanied Franklin on his hazardous expedition from Iludson's Bay to the mouth of the Cop
14,619 permine, and thence eastward along the north- California.
5,111 ern coast of America. During this journey of Colorado.
20,640 over 1,000 miles, on foot and in canoes, with the mercury often 57° below zero, Back dis- Delaware.
10,061 played consummate fortitude and the highest Pistrict of Columbia.
17,913 degree of sagacity; indeed, Franklin attributed Georgia
2,593 1,329 205,306 to the personal exertions of Back the ultimate safety of the expedition. He was promoted Indiana
41,611 to a lieutenancy in 1821. In 1825 he was again Indian Territory.
5,295 with Franklin in the Arctic regions, seeking
23,479 to make the northwest passage. Again, the Kentucky
156,086 safe return of the expedition was mainly at
20,528 tributable to Back’s fertility of resource and
Maryland.. indomitable force of will. He was promoted Massachusetts to the rank of commander in 1825. In 1833
23, -89 he commanded an expedition to search for Sir Mississippi
113,909 John Ross, then in the north-polar regions.
8,788 He was again in the Arctic seas in the year Vevada
52 1836–37. On his return to England he retired New llampshire.
New Jersey. from active service. Ile was knighted in 1839;
New Mexico. attained flag rank in 1857, and the rank of admiral in 1867.
47,615 BAPTISTS. I. REGULAR BAPTISTS IN TIIE United States.—The whole number of asso Pennsylvania
Rhode Island ciations in 1878 was 1,018; number of ad
107,669 ditions to the churches by baptism, 102,292 ;
107,416 total increase of meinbers during the year,
t'tah. 91,839; number of Sunday schools, 10, 422; Vermont
9,569 of officers and teachers in the same, 96,
825 850 ; of Sunday-school scholars, 806,317; total
23,723 amount of benevolent contributions, $1,318,
23,356 888.77. The ten theological institutions re
Wyoming turned 40 instructors, with 459 students, all
14,596 2,024,224 preparing for the ministry; property valued at $1,815,547, and endowment funds of $1,360, The anniversaries of the Northern Baptist 515, from which $57,127 of income were real- societies of the l'nited States were held at Clereized. Thirty-one colleges and universities re- land, Ohio, beginning with that of the Ameri. turned 264 instructors, of whom 42 were wo can Baptist Publication Society, which held its men, and 4,793 students, of whom 850 were fifty-fourth meeting May 28th. The receipts women, and 573 wero studying for the minis- of this Society for the year have been $264,059 try. The property of these institutions was in the business department, and $10,551 in valued at $7,465,691, and their aggregate en the missionary department; in all, $304,610. dowment funds were $3,307,770, yielding an- Twenty-two new publications had been issued, nual incomes amounting to $175,628. The making the whole number of works on the number of academies, seminaries, institutes, and catalogues of the Society's publications 1,151. female colleges returned in the "Year Book” The total issues of the year were equal to 305,is 16, with 285 instructors, of whom 172 wero 727,245 pages 18mo, and since its organizawomen, and 4,286 students, of whom 2,5.56 tion in 1824 the Society had published 86,664,were women, and 362 were preparing for the 1233 copies of books, tracts, and periodicals. ministry. These schools returned a total prop The forty-sixth annual meeting of the Amerierty valuation of $2,392,585, and ten of them cun Buptist Home Mission Society was held havi endowment funds amounting to $352,000, May 29th. The receipts of the Society for the and yielding a total income of $10,450. year had been $175,209, showing a falling off
of $14,614 from the previous year, and the mended to the liberality of the people of the disbursements had been $174,119. The in- Northern churches. debtedness was now $45,433, having increased The anniversary of the Woman's Baptist $1,980 during the year. There were 222 mis- Home Missionary Society was held May 29th. sionaries under appointment of the Society, who The report dealt chiefly with the history of reported 19,140 persons in the Sunday schools the organization of the Society, which was under their care, and had baptized 1,834 per- effected February 1, 1877. Its object is to
The churches aided by the Society had coöperate with the American Baptist Home contributed $5,911 to benevolent objects. A Missionary Society. Its total receipts for the new school for freedmen had been opened at year had been $6,337, and its expenditures Natchez, Miss., making the whole number of $3,401.56. Auxiliaries' had been formed in schools for the education of preachers and fourteen States and Territories, and contributeachers among these people eight, with 35 tions had been received from nearly every teachers and 1,056 students. The property of Northern State. The Society had nine misthe schools was all paid for, and free from en- sionaries in the field-five in the Southern cumbrances. Applications had been inade for States and four among the American Indians. an increase of the teaching force, which the A meeting of representatives of the three Board, for want of means, had seldom been societies of Baptist women, organized for the able to grant. A school had been asked for in promotion of foreign missions, the Society of Alabama, which could not be provided for the the East, the Society of the West, and the So
This Society has been assigned ciety of the Pacific Coast, was held at Cleveby the Government to the charge of the Union land, Ohio, May 30th. The Society of the Mission in the Indian Territory, embracing East reported a balance in the treasury of Creeks, Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and $2,000, and under its care in the Asiatic misSeminoles, numbering 56,700 persons; and it sions, 24 missionaries, 25 Bible-readers, and has also churches among the Delawares, Sacs 34 schools, with 834 pupils. The Society emand Foxes, Ottawas, Nez Percés, and Miamis. braced 618 circles and 99 mission hands; its A resolution was adopted remonstrating against receipts for the year had been $14,318; and it the transfer of the Indian Bureau from the had had ten missionaries under appointment, Department of the Interior to that of War, and sustained two schools at Ongole. except under the guarantee that the Indians The twenty-third meeting of the Southern should not thereby be deprived of the care of Baptist Contention was held at Nashville, the religious associations under which the re- Tenn., beginning May 9th. The Rev. J. P. cent policy of the Government had placed them. Boyce, I). D., presided. The report of the The mission among the Chinese in California Foreign Mission Board showed that its total had been carried on in coöperation with one receipts for the year from all sources had been of the churches in San Francisco. This ar- $35,710.45, of which $1,123 had been conrangement would cease in July, when the Board tributed for the fund for the chapel in Rome. hoped to put the work in charge of a suitably The expenditures had been $22,182.41, divided qualified missionary. The missionary_work among missions in Europe, China, and Africa. among the German populations in the United The Board possessed an invested fund of $18,States was carried on in coöperation with the 200, and owed debts of $4,500. A church had Eastern and Western German Baptist Confer- been bought for the Italian mission in Rome, ences, which bore one half the expense. The in the neighborhood of the Pantheon and the Society also labored among the Scandinavians University of Rome, for the sum of $28,500 and the French. The appointment of a super- in gold, to be paid within six months. Five intendent of missions to freedmen, and coöp- thousand dollars were still needed to complete eration with the Southern Baptists in promot- the payment, and an equal amount would be ing ministers' institutes among the freedmen, required to complete certain improvements were approved.
which it would be necessary to make in the The sixty-fourth annual meeting of the church. The sum of $7,500 was obtained in American Baptist Missionary Union was held the Convention. The receipts of the Ilome May 30th. The whole amount paid in to the Mission Board bad been $11,949, and the sum treasury of the Society during the year had of $4,535.76 had been paid to missionaries. been $278,723, of which $13,044 was for addi- Thirty-seven churches and 75 other stations tions to the invested funds. The sum appli- had been supplied, and 39 Sunday schools concable to the payment of the current expenses ducted, with 112 teachers and 1,228 pupils. A of the year was $217,992, but the expenditure report was made of the progress of the work had exceeded this sum, and the treasury was of education among the Indians. An offer of in debt $26,489. There were 140 missionariesland had been made to the Board for the ademployed in Burmah, Assam, the Telugu coun vancement of this work, which the Board was try, China, Japan, France, Germany, Sweden, advised to accept, with the view of establishand Spain, with 956 native helpers; and they ing a manual-labor school. The duty of the reported 793 churches and 63,115 members. Convention toward the colored people was the The enterprise of the Southern Baptist Con- subject of a special report, which repeated a vention in buying a church at Rome was com recommendation made in the previous year
No. of communicante.
70 103 113 61 47 31 23 36 31 14 11 39
7 37 26 10 05
6 30 22 11 45
916 636 795
Central New York,
22 100 21 37 49 40 61 17 23 361 86 10
12 SS 13 34 53 32 51 17 17 25 20 9
that ministers' institutes be organized among these people, and the ministers of the Convention give their special attention to the same, and advised that the circulation of religious literature among them and their instruction in denominational doctrines be looked after. The
9,074 Convention commended the organization of
4,656 woman's missionary societies, and advised
4,551 that they be made auxiliary to the regular Vermont... boards for home and foreign missions. Prog- Massachusetts and Rhode Island
5,850 was reported on the effort to raise Genesee
1,929 funds for the Southern Baptist Theological Susquehanna.
New York and Pennsylvania. Seminary, formerly at Greenville, S. C., now at Louisville, Ky. The churches of Kentucky Union had undertaken to raise the sum of $300,000
2,128 for the endowment of the seminary, provided Ohio and Pennsylvania.
1,647 the other Southern States would raise $200,000.
1,488 The sum of $281,000 had been raised in Ken
4,050 tucky, and between $65,000 and $70,000 in the other States. The seminary had been attended
4,487 during the year by about ninety students, and
St. Joseph's Valley
1,028 had graduated five in tho full course and four
1,560 in the English courses.
1,631 A National Colored Baptist Contention met
2,287 at Nashville, Tenn., June 6th, for the purpose of discussing measures for the advancement of
1,419 education among the members of the colored
Kansas. churches in the South. Delegates were in at Northern Kansas and Southern Netendance from Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas, Virginia, and Indiana. The Rev. N. G. Merry, Virginia Free Baptist Association. of Nashville, Tenn., presided. A constitution Ontario, P. Q.... was adopted for a “ National Colored Bap- Bengal and Orissa. tist Missionary and Educational Convention,” l'nion Association... which shall hold annual meetings, and the ob- Quarterly meetings not connected with
a yearly ineeting.... jects of which were declared to be: “1st, the
Churches not connected establishment of a book depository and religious publishing house; 20, coöperation with
1,419 1,252 75,686 the American Baptist Home Mission Society in its work of educating the freedmen; and The Kentucky Yearly Meeting, having 18 3d, the establishment and support of a religious churches, 15 ordained preachers, and 725 comnewspaper in the interest of truth and tho col- municants, has been formed out of yearly meetored Baptist churches." Arrangements were ings whose statistics are included in the foregomade to publish an address to the white Bap- ing table, since their returns were made up. tists of the North and South, setting forth tho The number of yearly meetings is 39; of quarappreciation entertained by the Convention of terly meetings, 167; number of licensed preachthe assistance which they had given to the col- ers, 152. ored people, and requesting a continuance of Besides the societies included in the Freewill their liberality; and an address to the colored Baptist Church, there are a number of assoBaptist churches, North and South, urging them ciations of Baptists in America which in docto encourage a higher standard of religious trine and polity are in general agreement with worship, and to recognize the importance and the Freewill Baptists. Among them are sevnecessity of education and morality among their oral associations of General Baptists in Indipeople. The organization of a firm to be known ana, Illinois, Kentucky, and some adjoining as the Colored Baptist Repository and Publish- States, numbering several thousand members, ing Company of the United States, for the pub- in support of whose doctrines and polity a lication of religious literature, was determined weekly paper is published at Oakland, Ind. A upon. The “Baptist lIerald,” Paducah, Ky., body called the Southern Baptist Association was designated as the organ of the Conven- held its first session at Friendship Church, tion.
Wayne County, N. C., in September, 1877, and II. FREEWILL BAPtist Churcn.—The statis- represented 66 churches, 68 ministers, and tics of the Freewill Baptist Church in the 3,108 members. Corresponding bodies in GeorUnited States, as they are given in the “Free- gia, South Carolina, and Tennessee, with more will Baptist Register" for 1879, show an in- than 50 ministers and churches and 2,000 memcrease of 106 churches, with a small apparent bers, are mentioned in its report. The “Baptist decrease in ministers and communicants. The Review," La Grange, N. C., is the periodical following is a summary of them :
organ of these people. The Freewill Baptist
22 15 23 7 8 7 15
churches in Tennessee, Arkansas, Georgia, Mis were granted admission to the Conference; sissippi, and Texas, agreeing with this church among them, one at Haarlem, Holland. The in doctrine but having no organic connection Executive Board of the Sabbath-school dewith it, number several thousand members. It partment reported that the total number of is thought that the total number of members Sabbath schools in the Church was 84, and of these outside bodies will not fall far short the total number of members in the Sabbath of 25,000. The list of Freewill Baptist insti- schools was 7,018. The trustees of the Sevtutions of learning for 1878 includes the fol- enth-Day Baptist Memorial Fund reported that lowing colleges and schools : Bates College, no change had taken place in the amount and Lewiston, Me.-Rev. Oren B. Cheney, D. D., condition of the fund, but that its income had President; Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, Mich.- been reduced in consequence of the shrinkage Rev. D. W. C. Durgin, D. D., President; West of rental values, in which all property suffered. Virginia College, Flemington, W. Va.—Rev. W. A paper was read, which had been prepared Calegrove, A. DI., President; Ridgeville Col- by the order of a previous Conference, on lege, Ridgeville, Ind.—Rev. S. D. Bates, A. M., "The Difference between the Seventh-Day BapPresident; Storer College, Harper's Ferry, W. tists and the Seventh-Day Adventists." The Va. (normal and academic departments in principal points of difference were shown to operation); Rio Grande College, Rio Grande, be relative to the spiritual nature of man, on Ohio;
Nichol's Latin School, Lewiston, Me.; which the doctrine of the Seventh-Day BapNew Hampton Institution, New Hampton, N. tists is more clearly in accord with that of the H. ; Austin Academy, Center Stafford, N. II.; so-called orthodox churches than that of the Whitestown Seminary, Whitestown, N. Y.; Pike Seventh-Day Adventists, and on the nature of Seminary, Pike, Wyoming County, N. Y.; Roch- the final retribution of the sinner. The subester Seminary, Rochester, Wis.; Wilton Colle- ject of preparing an exposition of the principles giate Institute, Wilton, Iowa; Maine Central of the denomination, which was standing over Institute, Pittsfield, Me.; Lyndon Literary and on a minority report made to the previous GenBiblical Institute, Lyndon Center, Vt. ; Ran- cral Conference, was referred, with the report, dall Academy, Berlin, Ohio; Green Mountain to a committee, who were instructed to report Seminary, Waterbury Center, Vt. ; Lapham upon it to the next Conference. Resolutions Institute, North Scituate, R. I.
were adopted asserting the importance of mainThe “Morning Star,” weekly, the “Little taining unity of faitli and Christian coöperaStar" and "The Myrtle," Sunday-school papers, tion, and of guarding against every tendency " Lesson Papers for Sunday Schools," and a va- to disintegration anong the churches of the riety of denominational books, aré published denomination, which were described as widely at the printing establishment in Dover, N. H. scattered throughout the United States, Great
The anniversary meetings of the benevolent Britain, Ilolland, and “ thus constantly brought societies of the church were held at Lyndon into contact with various forms of religious Center, Vt., in the first week of October. The error and skepticism”; and declaring that the receipts and expenditures of the Foreign Mis- Church is the only organization through which sionary Society had been each $18,345.98, and all moral and religious reforms should be carthe net indebtedness of the Society was $5,020, ried on, and that the Sabbath reform,
" both being $1,026 less than the amount reported at in respect to the day and the manner of obserthe previous anniversary. The sum of $26,320 vance, is one of the most important reforms of had been subscribed for the foundation of a Biblical school in connection with the mission The annual meetings of the Missionary, in India, of which $25,000 had been secured Tract, and Education Societies were held in by payment and interest-bearing notes. The connection with the meeting of the Conferschool, it was expected, would be opened in The Missionary Society had to consider March, 1879. Four missionaries had sailed for a proposition for the transfer of its work to their field of labor in October, 1877, two of the General Conference. A report was adopted, whom had been sent by the women of Rhode declaring the full transfer inexpedient, but Island and New Brunswick. The total receipts recognizing that a change in its Constitution, of the Woman's Missionary Society had been which would make all the members of the Con$5,596, and its expenditures $3,671. Many ference members of the Missionary Society, was new auxiliaries and bands had been organized, desirable. An amendment to the Constitution and a general agent of the Society reported was proposed, under the operation of which that forty-three such associations had been or the members of the Society shall consist of the ganized under her direction. The sum of delegates to the General Conference in Confer$1,460 bad been contributed for the school at ence assembled, together with all other persons Ilarper's Ferry, W. Va.
who have become life members by the payment III. THE SEVENTI-DAY Baptists. — The of $25. The Missionary Board was instructed Serenth-Day Baptist General Conference met to continue its efforts to secure a laborer for for its sixty-fourth annual session at Plainfield, the mission in China, which has been for a long N. J., September 25th. Elder W. C. Whitford time without a missionary, and send him to presided. Fifty-two churches were represented that field as soon as practicable. The proceedby letter, and three churches applied for and ings of the meeting of the Tract Society showed
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