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term of office, the mode and manner of their removal, the mode and manner of filling vacancies in the board caused by death, resignation, removal, or otherwise, and the power and authority of such directors, and how many thereof are necessary to the exercise of the powers of such directors, which must be at least a majority; the compensation of any of the directors, or of any officer; the number of the officers, if any, other than the directors, and their term of office; the mode of removal, and the method of filling a vacancy ; the mode and manner of conducting business; the mode and manner of conducting elections, and may provide for voting by ballots forwarded by mail or otherwise, provided the method secures the secrecy of the ballot; the mode and manner of succession of membership, and the qualifications for membership, and on what conditions, and when membership must cease, and the mode and manner of expulsion of a member, subject to the right of an expelled member to have the board of directors appraise his interest in the association in either money, property, or labor, as the directors may deem best, and to have the money, property, or labor so awarded him paid, or delivered, or performed within forty days after expulsion; the amount of membership fee, and the dues, installments, or labor which each member must be required to pay or perform, if any, and the manner of collection or enforcement, and for forfeiting or selling of membership interest for non-payment or non-performance; the method, time, and manner of permitting the withdrawal of a member, if at all, and how his interest must be ascertained, either in money or property, and within what time the same must be paid or delivered to such member; the mode and manner of ascertaining the interest of a member at his death, if his legal representatives or none of them desire to succeed to the membership, and whether the same must be paid to his legal representatives in money, or property, or labor, and within what time the same must be paid, or delivered, or performed; such other things as may be proper to carry out the purpose for which the association was formed. The by-laws must provide for the time and manner in which profits must be divided among the members, and what proportion of the profits, if any, must be added to the common property or funds of the association. But the bylaws may provide that the directors may suspend or pass the payment of any such profit, or installment of earnings, at their discretion. The by-laws and all amendments must be recorded in a book and kept in the office of the association, and a copy, certified by the directors, must be filed in the office of the County Clerk where the principal business is transacted. [New section; approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days. ]

Note.-See note § 653.

§ 653f. The property of such association is subject to attachment and execution for its lawful debts. The interest of a member in such association, if sold upon execution, or any judicial or governmental order whatever, can not authorize the purchaser to have any right, except to succeed, as a member in the association, with the consent of the directors, to the rights of the member whose interest is thus sold. If the directors choose to pay or settle the matter after such sale, they may either cancel the membership, and add the interest thus sold to the assets or common property of the association, or reissue the share or right to a new member upon proper payment therefor, as the directors may determine. [New section; approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days.]

Note.—See note tɔ 8 6537.

8 6539. The purpose of the business may be altered, changed, modified, enlarged, or diminished by a vote of two thirds of all the members, at a special election to be called for such purpose, of which notice must be given the same as the by-laws provide for the election of directors. [New section; approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days.]

Note.-See note to § 6536.

8 653h. Every association formed under this title has power of succession by its associate name for fifty years ; in such name to sue and be sued in any court; to make and use a common seal, and alter the same at pleasure; to receive by gift, devise, or purchase, hold, and convey real and personal property, as the purposes of the association may require; to appoint such subordinate agents or officers as the business may require ; to admit associates or members, and to sell or forfeit their interest in the association for default of installments, or dues, or work, or labor required, as provided by the by-laws; to enter into any and all lawful contracts or obligations essential to the transaction of its affairs, for the purpose for which it was formed, and to borrow money, and issue all such notes, bills, or evidences of indebtedness or mortgage as its by-laws may provide for; to trade, barter, buy, sell, exchange, and to do all other things proper to be done for the purpose of carrying into effect the objects for which the association is formed. [New section; approved March 21, 1905 ;' in effect in sixty days.]

Note.-See note to $ 653b.

$ 653i. Two or more associations formed and existing under this title, or under any preëxisting law authorizing their formation for the same purposes, may be consolidated, upon such terms, and for such purposes, and by such name, as may be agreed upon, in writing, signed by two thirds of the members of each such association. Such agreement must also state all the matters necessary to articles of association, and must be acknowledged by the signers before an officer competent to take an acknowledgment of deeds in this State, and be filed in the office of the County Clerk of the county wherein the principal business of the association is to be transacted, and a certified copy thereof in the office of the Secretary of State, and pay the same fees for filing and recording as required by this code for the filing and recording of the certified copy of the original articles of association; and from and after the filing of such certified copy, the former associations comprising the component parts cease to exist, and the consolidated association succeeds to all the rights, duties, and powers of the component associations, and is possessed of all the rights, duties, and powers prescribed in the agreement of consolidated association not inconsistent with this title, and is subject to all the liabilities and obligations of the former component associations, and succeeds to all the property and interests thereof, and may make by-laws and do all things permitted by this title. [New section ; approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days.]

Note.--See note to § 653b.

§ 653). Any association formed or consolidated under this title may be dissolved and its affairs wound up voluntarily by the written request of two thirds of the members. Such request must be addressed to the directors, and must specify reasons why the winding up of the affairs of the association is deemed advisable, and must name three persons who are members to act in liquidation and in winding up the affairs of the association, a majority of whom must thereupon have full power to do all things necessary to liquidation; and upon the filing of such request with the directors, and a copy thereof in the office of the County Clerk of the county where the principal business is transacted, all power of the directors ceases and the persons appointed must proceed to wind up the association, and realize upon its assets, and pay its debts, and divide the residue of its money among the members, share and share alike, within a time to be named in said written request, or such further time as may be granted them by two thirds of the members, in writing, filed in the office of said County Clerk; and upon the completion of such liquidation the said association must be deemed dissolved. No receiver of any such association, or of any property thereof, or of any right therein, can be appointed by any court, upon the application of any member, save after judgment of dissolution for usurping franchises at the suit of the State of California by its Attorney-General. [New section; approved March 21, 1905 ; in effect in sixty days.]

Note.-See note to $ 6536.

$ 653k. The right of any association claiming to be organized under this title to do business may be inquired into by quo warranto, at the suit of the Attorney-General of this State, but not otherwise. [New section; approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days.]

Note.-See note to $ 6536.

§ 6531. This title is not applicable to railroads, telegraph, telephone, banking, insurance, building and loan, or any other corporation, unless the special provisions of this code, applicable thereto, are complied with. [New section ; approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days.]

Note.-See note to $ 6536.


Recording Transfers.

Sec. 1163. Residence recorded for the purpose of service of summons,

§ 1163. Any person, firm, or corporation, may record in the office of the County Recorder of any county in the State of California a certificate setting forth the name of said person, firm, or corporation, and the place of residence of said person, firm, or corporation, and the place where service of summons may be made upon said person, firm, or corporation. The said certificate must be verified by the oath of the person, or of a member of the firm, or officer of the corporation making the same, and may be recorded without acknowledgment. Such person, firm or corporation may upon a change of place of residence file affidavit as herein provided and such last affidavit filed shall be the place designated as the place where service of summons may be made as herein provided. The fee of the Recorder for recording said certificate shall be fifty cents; and the Recorder shall keep in his office an index entitled "Index to certificates of residence,” in which must be entered the name of the person, firm, or corporation in whose behalf said certificate was filed. [New section; approved March 18, 1905; in effect in sixty days.]

SEC. 1185. Requisites for acknowledgment or proof of instrument.

§ 1185. The acknowledgment of an instrument must not be taken, unless the officer taking it knows or has satisfactory evidence, on the oath or affirmation of a credible witness, that the person making such acknowledgment is the individual who is described in and who executed the instrument; or, if executed by a corporation, that the person making such acknowledgment is the president or secretary of such corporation, or other person who executed it on its behalf. [Amendment approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days.]


SEC. 1190. Form of certificate of acknowledgment by corporations.

§ 1190. The certificate of acknowledgment of an instrument executed by a corporation must be substantially in the following form: “State of

County of“On this -day of

in the year

before me (here insert the name and quality of the officer), personally appeared

known to me (or proved to me on the oath of) to be the president (or the secretary) of the corporation that executed the within instrument (where, however, the instrument is executed in behalf of the corporation by some one other than the president or secretary, insert: known to me

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