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stock; and a transfer or issue of the same at any such transfer agency, in accordance with the provisions of its by-laws, is valid and binding as fully and effectually for all purposes as if made upon the books of such corporation at its principal office within this State. The agencies must be governed by the by-laws and the directors of the corporation. [Repealed and substituted ; approved March 21, 1905 ; in effect in sixty days.]

142 Cal. 392. Note.-$$ 586, 587, 587a. Revises the whole of Title XI of Part IV of Division First of the Civil Code, respecting mining corporations. Sections 586 and 587 are not changed, but simply reënacted. Section 587a contains substantially the matter that was in Section 361, the word “corporations” being substituted for “companies,” and the words "and to cause notice of the time and place fixed for such meeting to be mailed to each stockholder of each of such corporations at his last known place of residence or business at least ten days before the time fixed for such meeting” being inserted. The matter added is designed to provide the mode in which notices may be served on stockholders.

a

$ 587. All stock of any such corporation, issued at transfer agency, must be signed by the president and secretary of the corporation, and countersigned at the time of its issue by the agent having charge of the transfer agency. No stock must be issued at a transfer agency unless the certificate of stock, in lieu of which the same is issued, is at the time surrendered for cancellation. [Repealed and substituted; approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days.]

Note.-See note to § 586.

$ 587a. It is lawful for two or more corporations formed, or that may hereafter be formed, under the laws of this State, for mining purposes, which own or possess mining claims or lands adjoining each other, or lying in the same vicinity, to consolidate their capital stock, debts, property, assets, and franchises, in such manner and upon such terms as may be agreed upon by the respective boards of directors or trustees of such corporations so desiring to consolidate their interests ; but no such consolidation must take place without the written consent of the stockholders representing two thirds of the capital stock of each corporation, and no such consolidation can, in any way, relieve such corporations, or the stockholders thereof, from any and all just liabilities; and in case of such consolidation, due notice of the same must be given, by advertising, for one month, in at least one newspaper in the county where the said mining property is situated, if there is one published therein, and also in one newspaper published in the county where the principal place of business of any of said corporation is. And when the consolidation is completed, a certificate thereof, containing the manner and terms of such consolidation, must be filed in the office of the County Clerk of the county in which the original certificate of incorporation of each of said corporations is filed, and a copy thereof must be filed in the office of the Secretary of State ; such certificate must be signed by a majority of each board of trustees or directors of the original corporations, and it is their duty to call, within thirty days after the filing of such certificate, a meeting of the stockholders of all of said corporations so consolidated, to elect a board of trustees or directors for the consolidated corporation, for the year thence next ensuing; and to cause notice of the time and place fixed for such meeting to be mailed to each stockholder of each of such corporations at his last known place of residence or business at least ten days before the time fixed for such meeting. The said certificate must also contain all the requirements prescribed by section two hundred and ninety. [New section ; approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days.)

Note.-See note to § 586.

8 588. It is the duty of the secretary of every corporation formed for the purpose of mining, or conducting mining in California, whether such corporation be formed and organized under the laws of the State of California or of any other State, Territory, or foreign country, to keep at some place within the State of California an office and in such office to keep a complete set of books showing all receipts and expenditures of such corporation, the source of such receipts, and the objects of such expenditures, and also all transfers of stock. All books and papers must, at all times during business hours, be open to the inspection of any stockholder. He is entitled to be accompanied by an expert, and to make copies or extracts from any such books or papers. He may, at reasonable hours, examine such mining property, accompanied by an expert, take samples, and make such other examination as he may deem necessary. It is the duty of the directors, on the second Monday of each and every month, to cause to be made an itemized account or balance sheet for the previous month, embracing a full and complete statement of all disbursements and receipts, showing from what sources such receipts were derived, and to whom and for what object or purpose such disbursements or payments were made; also all indebtedness or liabilities incurred or existing at the time, and for what the same were incurred, and the balance of money, if any, on hand. Such account or balance sheet must be verified under oath by the president and secretary, and posted in some conspicuous place in the office of the company. It is the duty of the superintendent, on the first Monday of each month, to file with the secretary an itemized account, verified under oath, showing all receipts and disbursements made by him for the previous month, and for what said disbursements were made. Such account must also contain a verified statement showing the number of men employed under him, and for what purpose, and the rate of wages paid to each. He must attach to such account a full and complete report, under oath, of the work done in said mine, the amount of ore extracted, from what part of mine taken, the amount sent to mill for reduction, its assay value, the amount of bullion received, the amount of bullion shipped to the office of the company or elsewhere, and the amount, if any, retained by the superintendent. It is his duty to forward to the office of the company a full report, under oath, of all discoveries of

mineral-bearing quartz made in said mine, whether by boring, drifting, sinking, or otherwise, together with the assay value thereof. All accounts, reports, and correspondence from the superintendent must be kept in some conspicuous place in the office of said company, open to the inspection of all stockholders. [New section; approved March 21, 1905 ; in effect in sixty days.]

Note.-$ $ 588, 589, 590. The statute of 1873-4, page 866, as amended in 1880, page 37, and 1897, page 38, is codified in the above sections, the only substantial change made being in the omission of the proviso in Section 1 of the amendatory Act of 1897, limiting its provisions to corporations whose stock is listed and offered for sale at public exchange.” The

ores

or

provisions of the part of the section omitted are unconstitutional. (See Johnston vs. Tautphaus, 127 Cal. 605.)

The following citations refer to the Act of 1873-4, which is codified in $$ 588, 589, 590 :

105 Cal. 377, 379; 115 Cal. 310; 119 Cal. 363 ; 127 Cal. 287, 605.

$ 589. Any stockholder of a corporation formed under the laws of this State for the purpose of mining, is entitled to visit, accompanied by his expert, and examine the mine or mines owned by such corporation, and every part thereof, at any time he may see fit; and when such stockholder applies to the president of such corporation, he must immediately cause the secretary thereof to issue and deliver to such applicant an order, under the seal of the corporation, directed to the superintendent, commanding him to show and exhibit such parts of said mine or mines as the party named in said order may desire to visit and examine. It is the duty of the superintendent, on receiving such order, to furnish such stockholder every facility for making a full and complete inspection of said mine or mines, and of the workings therein, and to accompany said stockholder either in person, or to furnish some person familiar with said mine or mines to accompany him in his visit to and through such mine or mines, and every part thereof. If the superintendent fails to obey such order, such stockholder is entitled to recover, in any court of competent jurisdiction, against the corporation, the sum of one thousand dollars, and traveling expenses to and from the mine, as liquidated damages, together with costs of suit. In case of such refusal, it is the duty of the directors of the corporation forthwith to remove the officer so refusing, and thereafter he must not be employed directly or indirectly by the corporation, nor must any salary be paid to him. [New section; approved March 21, 1905 ; in effect in sixty days.]

Note.-See note to § 588.

$ 590. In case of the refusal or neglect of the president to cause to be issued by the secretary the order mentioned in section five hundred and eighty-nine, such stockholder is entitled to recover against said president the sum of one thousand dollars and costs, as provided in the last section. If the directors fail to have the reports and accounts current made and posted as provided in section five hundred and eighty-eight, they are liable, either severally or jointly, to an action by any stockholder complaining thereof, and on proof of such refusal or failure, he may recover judgment for actual damages sustained by him, with costs of suit. Each of such defaulting directors is also liable to removal for such neglect. [New section; approved March 21, 1905; in effect in sixty days. ]

Note.-See note to $ 588.

TITLE XIa.

Corporations for the Formation of Chambers of

Commerce, Boards of Trade, Mechanics' Institutes, and Other Kindred Associations.

SEC. 591.

592.
592a.

592b. 592c. 592d. 592e.

Formation, organization, and powers of.
Capital stock and certificates of.
Powers which may be conferred on the trustees, directors, or

the executive committee.
Power to acquire, sell, possess, and use property.
The by-laws.
Power to levy and collect assessments.
Pre-existing corporations may become entitled to the benefit

of this title.

$ 591. Corporations for the formation and organization of chambers of commerce, boards of trade, mechanics' institutes, and other associations formed for the extension and promotion of trade and commerce, or the advancement, protection, and improvement of the mechanic arts, may be formed by twenty or more persons, who must execute and file articles of incorporation as prescribed in chapter one of title one of part four of this code. Upon receiving from the Secretary of State a certificate of the filing with him of a certified copy of its articles of incorporation, such corporation becomes a body corporate, and by its corporate name has succession for the period limited in its articles, and power: (1) To sue and be sued in any court; (2) to make and use a common seal, and alter it at pleasure; (3) to lease, purchase, hold, sell, mortgage, convey in trust, convey, release from trust or mortgage, such real and personal property as hereinafter provided ; (4) to elect and appoint such

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