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with Christ whereby it shall be effected, and of the glorious rest to which it shall introduce us, as well in this world as in the world to come.
In like manner the promises made to Adam, to Abraham, and to David, whatever reference they might have to the particular circumstances of those illus. trious individuals, had a farther and more important accomplishment in the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the second Adam, the Pro. mised Seed, the King of Israel.
The whole of the Mosaic dispensation was altogether figurative, as we see from the Epistle to the Hebrews, in which the figures themselves are illustrated and explained. But there are some facts which appear too trifling to afford any instruction of this kind. We might expect indeed that so remarkable a fact as the promulgation of the law from Mount Sinai should have in it something mysterious; but that the fears of the people on that occasion, and the request dictated by those fears, should be intended hy God to convey any particular instruction,
we should not have readily supposed : yet by these did God intend to shadow forth the whole mystery of redemption. We are sure that there was somewhat remarkable in the people's speech, by the commendation which God hinıself bestowed upon it: still however, unless we have turned our minds particularly to the subject, we shall scarcely conceive how much is contained in it.
The point for our consideration is, The request which the Israelites made in consequence of the terror with which the display of the divine Majesty had inspired them. The explication and improvement of that point is all that properly belongs to the pas. sage before us. But we have a further view in taking this text: we propose, after considering it in its true and proper sense, to take it in an improper and accommodated sense; and, after making some observations upon it in reference to the request which the Israelites then offered, to notice it in refer. ence to the requests which we from time to time make unto God in the Liturgy of our Established Church.
The former view of the text is that which we propose for our present consideration : the latter will be reserved for future discus. sion,
The Israelites made an earnest request to God: and God expressed his approbation of it in the words which we have just recit. ed; “ They have well said all that they have spoken: 0 that there were such an heart in them !” From bence we are naturally led to set before you The sentiments and dispositions which God approves; the sentiments; “ They have well said all that they have spoken;" the dispositions ; “O that there were in them such an heart.”
1st. The sentiments which he approves.
Here it will be necessary to analyse, as it were, or at least to get a clear and distinct apprehension of, the speech which God commends. It is recorded in the preceding context from the 23d verse.
66 And it came to pass, when ye heard the voice out of the midst of the darkness, (for the mountain did
burn with fire,) that ye came near unto me, even all the heads of your tribes, and your elders; and ye said, Behold, the Lord our God hath shewed us his glory, and his greatness, and we have heard his voice out of the midst of the fire: we have seen this day, that God doth talk with man and he liveth. Now therefore why should we die ? for this great fire will consume us : if we hear the voice of the Lord our God any more, then we shall die. For who is there of all flesh that bath heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived ? Go thou near, and hear all that the Lord our God shall
and speak thou unto us all that the Lord our God shall speak unto thee; and we will hear it and do it.” Then it is added, " And the Lord heard the voice of your words when ye spake unto me; and the Lord said unto me, I have heard the voice of the words of this people, which they have spoken unto thee: they have well said all that they have spoken.”
Now in this speech are contained the following things; An acknowledgement that they could not stand before the Divine Majesty ;-A desire that God would appoint some one to mediate between him and them; -and lastly, An engagement to regard ev. ery word that should be delivered to them through a Mediator, with the same obedi. ential reverence, as they would if it were spoken to them by God himself. And these are the sentiments, on which the commendation in our text was unreservedly bestowed.
The first thing then to be noticed is, Their acknowledgment that they could not stand before the Divine Majesty.
Many things had now occurred to produce an extraordinary degree of terror upon their minds. There was a blackness and dark. ness in the sky, such as they never before beheld. This darkness was rendered more visible by the whole adjacent mountain blazing with fire, and by vivid lightenings flashing all around in quick succession. The