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the personal property received under said contract in precisely the same way that they held the land, and thus the complainants were informed that they had the same right of recovery as to both. It appears, therefore, that the complainant chose to proceed against the real estate alone, doubtless upon the expectation that it would be entirely sufficient to satisfy his judgment. If in this he was mis. taken it does not by any means follow that he can at this late day file a supplemental bill in the same case for the purpose of reaching other and different property. The fact that the complainant desires to drop out of the case some of the parties defendant to the original bill does not of itself give him the right to proceed by supplemental bill.

It does not appear that the plaintiff's right of recovery as to the personal property rests upon any different ground from that upon which he proceeded against the real estate. Therefore, the fact of his recovery in the original suit shows that a change of parties was not and is not essential.

I am of the opinion that the facts set forth in the supplemental bill in this case were sufficiently disclosed in the original bill and answer to have enabled the complainants to set them up by way of amendment before the replication in the original suit, and that, therefore, they cannot be presented now by way of supplemental bill; besides, it is clear that under the twenty-ninth rule in equity the court would have granted leave to amend even after replication in such a case as this. These considerations relieve the court from the necessity of considering a question of jurisdiction which might otherwise arise. It has been repeatedly held in this circuit that this court has no jurisdiction of a case commenced in a state court on a contract by an assignee, and removed thence to this court, unless the action might have been brought here originally by the assignor.

It is probable, I think, that, although it is now, too late to raise the question as to the validity of the original proceedings and decree, the question of jurisdiction might be raised upon a supplemental bill, seeking to enlarge and extend the relief prayed, so as to include other property. The general rule is that a question of jurisdiction may be raised at any time, and as the original proceeding was wholly concluded, and a final decree rendered and fully executed, it seems probable that a plea to the jurisdiction would have to be entertained as against any supplemental proceedings. It is not, however, necessary to consider this point, nor even to determine whether the plea to the

original bill would have been good, as the present application must be disposed of on the other ground above discussed.

Let the order granting leave to complainants to file a supplemental bill be set aside, without prejudice to their right to bring an original bill for the same purpose.

PETERS and others v. LINCOLN & N. W. R. Co. and others. *

(Circuit Court, D. Nebraska. October, 1882.

1. RAILROAD CORPORATION-POWER TO LEASE-STATUTE CONSTRUED.

Under the statute of Nebraska, the lease of a line of railway, or arrangement to lease, executed by one railroad corporation to another, to be valid must be assented to by a vote of at least two-thirds of the stockholders of each corpo

ration, in stockholders' meeting assembled. 2. SAME-AGREEMENT TO LEASE MADE IN ADVANCE OF CONSTRUCTION, TO SECURE

STOCK SUBSCRIPTIONS.

No agreement to execute such a lease, made in advance of the construction of a railroad, can be specifically enforced, unless it is subsequently ratified by

a vote of the stockholders, as provided by the statute. 3. CORPORATIONS—RIGHTS OF STOCKHOLDERS.

Persons subscribing to the stock of a corporation must take notice of the law creating it and defining its powers, and if the directors, in order to secure stock subscriptions, propose to do that which they are prohibited from doing by the statute, no subscriber can be heard to say, as against the corporation, that he has been misled and deceived thereby.

Demurrer to Amended Bill. E. Wakeley, for complainant. T. M. Marquett, for defendants. McCRARY, C. J. Upon consideration of the demurrer to the original bill in this case it was held that under the statute of Nebraska the lease of a line of railroad, or an agreement to lease, executed by one railroad corporation to another, to be valid, must be assented to by a vote of at least two-thirds of the stockholders of each corporation, and that such assent must be expressed in a stockholders' meeting. It was therefore held that the agreement to execute such a lease, made without a meeting of stockholders, and without the as. sent of the requisite number of stockholders in meeting assembled, was invalid, and could not be enforced. 2 McCrary, 275; [S. C. 13

*From the Colorado Law Reporter.

FED. REP. 513.] Since this ruling an amended bill has been filed, in which it is alleged, in substance, as follows:

First, that on the twenty-fourth day of June, 1879, the Atchison & Nebraska Railroad Company, in order to promote its own interest by securing the construction of the line of the Lincoln & Northwestern Railroad, issued a circular inviting persons to subscribe to the stock of the latter company, and stating that it was proposed that the company first named should lease the new road (meaning the road to be built by the last-named company) for a term of 30 years, and pay as an annual rental therefor 35 per cent. of the gross earnings of the said new road, which, it was estimated, would provide for the payment of interest on the new bonds; second, that the members of said board of directors of the first-named company were stockholders therein, and held in the aggregate more than two-thirds of the capital stock thereof, and that most if not all the other stockholders assented to the sending out of such circulars and proposal; third, it is further alleged, upon information and be lief, that said members and stockholders did not intend to comply with said proposal if the same should be accepted, but, on the contrary, intended, after the same should be accepted and the proposed stock should be taken and the money therefor should be paid to said Lincoln & Northwestern Railroad Com. pany, to hinder and prevent the making and execution of said lease, and to oppose and vote against the same as stockholders in case a stockholders' meeting should be called; fourth, the complainants subscribed for various shares of the stock of the last-named company, and paid for same in full upon the faith of the proposal embodied in the aforesaid circular, and relying upon the same.

The prayer is that the Lincoln & Northwestern Railroad Company may be decreed to execute a lease of its road to said Atchison & Nebraska Railroad Company according to the terms and conditions of said proposal, etc., and that said last-named company may be decreed to receive said lease, and to perform and execute the same, and for an injunction to restrain the execution of a lease to the Burlington & Missouri River Railroad Company in Nebraska.

It is apparent that this relief can only be granted upon the theory that there has been a valid agreement to lease, which agreement can be enforced by the decree for specific performance.

The facts alleged do not show the existence of such an agreement; they do not show a compliance with the statute, which plainly requires, as a condition precedent to the execution of such a lease, that the directors of each of the corporations shall call a meeting of the stockholders of each, at which meeting the holders of at least twothirds of the stock represented at such meeting, in person or by proxy, and voting thereat, shall assent thereto.

The amended bill avers certain facts tending to show the assent (outside of any meeting of the stockholders) of two-thirds of the

stockholders of one company. This would not be sufficient even if the allegations applied to both companies; much less is it sufficient where they apply to one only.

Persons subscribing to the capital stock of a corporation are bound to take notice of the law creating it and defining its powers, and if the directors, in order to secure subscriptions to such stock, propose to do that which they are prohibited from doing by the terms of the statute defining their powers, no subscriber can be heard to say, as against the corporation, that he has been misled and deceived thereby. All that subscribers to the capital stock in this case had a right to assume, was that the lease would be executed in accordance with law, 'provided a meeting of stockholders should be held, and the same should be assented to by the holders of two-thirds of the stock of both corporations concerned.

Every subscriber to the stock of the Lincoln & Northwestern Railroad Company was bound to know that no valid lease could be executed, except in compliance with the statute above referred to.

The allegation that the directors of the Atchison & Nebraska Railroad Company was bound to know that no valid lease could be executed, except in compliance with the statute above referred to.

The allegation that the directors of the Atchison & Nebraska Railroad company acted in bad faith, and did not intend to vote for a lease, in case a stockholders' meeting should be called, is not sufficient to authorize the execution and enforcement of such a lease contrary to the statute and without the assent of the stockholders, as 'required thereby.

The demurrer to the amended bill is sustained.

BUSH v. UNITED STATES.

(Circuit Court, D. Oregon. November 8, 1882.)

PrioritY OF THE UNITED STATES.

The priority of the United States under sections 3466, 3467, of the Rev. St. does not attach in the life-time of an insolvent debtor unless his property is taken by process of law, as in bankruptcy, insolvency, or attachment, or he makes a voluntary assignment thereof to a third person for the benefit of his creditors; and a judgment or judgments confessed by such debtor for an amount equal to the value of his assets, with intent to hinder, delay, or defraud the United States, is not such an assignmeut.

v.14, no.6—21

Bill of Review.
George H. Williams, for plaintiffs
James F. Watson, for defendants.

DEADY, D.J. This case was before this court on October 2d,* on a motion of the district attorney to dismiss the bill of review for want of jurisdiction. The motion having been denied, the defendant demurred, and the cause was argued and submitted on the bill and demurrer,

The first question for consideration is, had the United States, upon the facts stated and found, à right of priority of payment out of the property of Griswold on January 6, 1879, by virtue of section 3466 of the Revised Statutes? which reads:

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"Whenever any person indebted to the United States is insolvent, or whenever the estate of any deceased debtor in the hands of the executors or administrators is insufficient to pay all the debts due from the deceased, the debts due to the United States shall be first satisfied; and the priority hereby established shall extend as well to cases in which a debtor, not having sufficient property to pay all his debts, makes a voluntary assignment thereof, or in which the estate and effects of an absconding, concealed, or absent debtor are attached by process of law, as to cases in which an act of bankruptcy is committed.”

At this date it appears that Griswold confessed judgments to sun. dry persons for an aggregate sum, which, together with his indebtedness to the United States and sundry mortgage creditors, far exceeded the value of his assets, and that said judgments, with the exception of the one to the plaintiffs herein for $348.82, were based upon ficti- . tious claims and confessed with the intent to hinder, delay, and defraud the United States in the collection of a claim against Griswold, then in suit in this court, and upon which it obtained judgment against him, on July 30, 1879, for $35,228, and $2,821.60 costs and disbursements. Upon this state of facts it was tacitly admitted by counsel, and assumed by the court, on the hearing of the original case, that the priority of the United States attached to the property of Griswold, subject to the liens of the valid mortgages thereon. It is admitted that the statute giving the priority of payment was not applicable to this case, unless Griswold had made a voluntary assignment of his property; and it is also admitted that he had not done so, unless the confessing of these judgments amounted to such assign. ments.

*See 13 FED. REP. 625.

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