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il.ray or likiony
June 19, 1939
Entered according to act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1851, by WILLIAM W. STORY, in the
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1858, by William W. Story, in the
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1873, by William W. STORY, in the
University Press :
HONORABLE JOHN MARSHALL, LL.D.,
CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
Sir, I ask the favor of dedicating this work to you. I know not to whom it could with so much propriety be dedicated as to one whose youth was engaged in the arduous enterprises of the Revolution, whose manhood assisted in framing and supporting the national Constitution, and whose maturer years have been devoted to the task of unfolding its powers and illustrating its principles. When, indeed, I look back upon your judicial labors during a period of thirty-two years, it is discult to suppress astonishment at their extent and variety, and at the exact learning, the profound reasoning, and the solid principles which they everywhere display. Other judges have attained an elevated reputation by similar labors, in a single department of jurisprudence. But in one department (it need scarcely be said that I allude to that of constitutional law), the common consent of your countrymen has admitted you to stand without a rival. Posterity will assuredly confirm, by its deliberate award, what the present age has approved as an act of undisputed justice. Your expositions of constitutional law enjoy a rare and extraordinary authority. They constitute a monument of fame far beyond the ordinary memorials of political and military glory. They are destined to enlighten, instruct, and convince future generations, and can scarcely perish but with the memory of the Constitution itself. They are the victories of a mind accustomed to grapple with diMculties, capable of unfolding the most comprehensive truths with masculine simplicity and severe logic, and prompt to dissipate the illusions of ingenious doubt and subtle argument and impassioned eloquence. They remind us of some mighty river of our own country, which, gathering in its course the contributions of many tributary streams, pours at last its own current into the ocean, deep, clear, and irresistible.
But I confess that I dwell with even more pleasure upon the entirety of a life adorned by consistent principles, and filled up in the discharge
of virtuous duty; where there is nothing to regret, and nothing to conceal; no friendships broken; no confidence betrayed ; no timid surrenders to popular clamor ; no eager reaches for popular favor. Who does not listen with conscious pride to the truth, that the disciple, the friend, the biographer of Washington still lives, the uncompromising advocate of his principles ?
I am but too sensible that, to some minds, the time may not seem yet to have arrived when language like this, however true, should meet the eyes of the public. May the period be yet far distant when praise shall speak out with that fulness of utterance which belongs to the sanctity of the grave.
But I know not that, in the course of Providence, the privilege will be allowed me hereafter to declare, in any suitable form, my deep sense of the obligations which the jurisprudence of my country owes to your labors, of which I have been for twenty-one years a witness, and in some humble measure a companion. And if any apology should be required for my present freedom, may I not say that, at your age, all reserve may well be spared, since all your labors must soon belong exclusively to history?
Allow me to add, that I have a desire (will it be deemed presumptuous ?) to record upon these pages the memory of a friendship which bas for so many years been to me a source of inexpressible satisfaction; and which, I indulge the hope, may continue to accompany and cheer me to the close of life. I am, with the highest respect,
Affectionately your servant,
PREFACE TO THE FIFTH EDITION.
In this edition the authorities are brought down to January, 1891; and to the decisions of the federal Supreme Court a considerable number of decisions from the inferior federal courts, and from the State courts has been added.
The editorial notes have been separated entirely from the notes of the author; the latter run across the page, after numerals, the former are in double columns, after letters of the alphabet. The notes of the last edition (by Mr. Justice Cooley) have generally been retained, subject to such changes as time has made necessary; in a few instances, they have been recast; in some instances they have been abridged, in some enlarged. Whenever they have been reprinted without change, and contain original discussions as distinguished from a mere statement of the cases or of familiar facts, the initial c. has been added to them. The chapters added to the work by the same distinguished editor are also retained.
The present editor's notes are mostly in the second volume.
. A table of the cases cited has been added, for the first time.
M. M. B.