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In order that some idea may be had of the routine work in the juvenile court a few monthly reports are herewith submitted. Indicating, as they do, a great deal of work, they only convey an inadequate idea of the enormous amount of work done. Heretofore such work in a city has been largely neglected or not done at all until criminals are made, when we spend thousands to convict them. A report marked “poor” by a teacher only indicates a breach of some little rule of discipline in school and not a repeated offense. Three-fourths of the “poor” reports are for “whispering” or similar offense. As most boys who get into court are usually lively and mischievous it makes the showing all the more creditable. Boys report at the meetings of probationers with the judge every two weeks.

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Probation officer's report for February, 1904.
Reports from teachers (written, 300; verbal, 23):
February 13-

Good
Excellent
Fair.
Poor

121 11 13 9

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Boys excuscd from reporting
Girls excused
Boys committed to State Industrial School....
Boys committed after having been placed on probation
Boys committed at time of trial
Boys tried in court....
Cases settled out of court
Complaints heard in office.
Letters written to boys...

61 82 86 283

10

నిటేషన్లు ని 460

Letters written to parents

150 Letters written, applications for positions

18 Situations obtained Physical examinations Visits made to homes

96 Visits made to schools.

12 Visits made to dance halls Visits made to slums.

12 Saloons investigated Boys brought into court Placed on probation.

13 Fined and the sentence suspended Brought into court by city railroad company for hopping cars, organized

into Little Citizens' League for Law Enforcement, and discharged 62 Parents brought into court for contributing to the delinquency of children. 11 Mothers Discharged

0 Fined

2 Suspended

1 Fathers.

8 Discharged

0 Suspended

0 Fined

8 Other than parents

0 Number contributing to the delinquency of children

11 Working boys on probation list.

51 Schoolboys on probation list

153 Shoes furnished to children (pairs)

10 Suits furnished to children

7 Needy cases relieved

40 Baths given...

100

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Boys excused from reporting
Boys on trial..
Boys committed to State Industrial School..

19 33 4 4 153

6 6 4 1 3 1 1 1

1 29.5

10 89

Cases continued
Physical examinations by Doctor Horikins
Parents brought into couri f r co.tribuirg to delique .cy of children

Mothers
Fathers

Discharged
Fined
Jail sentence.

Jail sentence (served)
Letters written to boys
Letters written to parents
Complaints heard in ofice
Cases settled out of court
Letters written, applications for positions
Situations obtained
Schoolboys on probation list
Working boys on probation list
Dependent cases recorded
Shoes furnished to boys ( pairs).
Suits furnished to boys
Needy families relieved
Children committed to Woodcroft Home for Feeble-Minded.
Runaways returned to homes outside of State
Baths given

10

2 4 1 10 4

2 120

PENNSYLVANIA.

A CAMPAIGN FOR CHILDHOOD.

By HANNAH KENT SCHOFF,

President National Congress of Mothers, Chairman Juvenile Court ('ommittee,

New Century Club, Philadelphia.

CONDITIONS IN PENNSYLVANIA IN 1899.

The establishment of the juvenile court and probation system in Pennsylvania had its inception in the case of one little girl, whose arrest, trial, and sentence brought out so terribly the horrors of court procedure concerning children in Pennsylvania that in my heart there could be neither peace nor rest until conditions could be improved.

Why the inadequacy and barbarity of our methods of dealing with the helpless and erring little ones never arrested my attention before I can not tell, but the whole subject stood out before me then in all its iniquity and in all its terrible consequences to the children; and as no one seemed to realize it, or to be doing anything to alter it, I was irresistibly impelled to make it my business to stop the spiritual slaughter of the innocents which had been going on for years. One morning in May, 1899, the Philadelphia papers gave an account of the arrest and imprisonment of a little girl for setting fire to a house. Her picture was published, and with startling headlines she was heralded to the world as a “Prodigy of crime.” Motherless since she was 2 years old, an inmate of an orphanage, and then a drudge in a city boarding house, with no companionship except that of ignorant servants, there had been little opportunity for moral responsibility or development.

Friendless, arrested, imprisoned, tried in the criminal court, and 1 sentenced to the Ilouse of Refuge, and only 8 years old!

When asked why she started the fire she frankly said, “To see the fire burn and the engines rum."

Branded as a criminal, sentenced to the companionship of girls steeped in crimes of far greater menace to her character, what hope did the future hold for her? Subjected to all the horrors of a criminal court and treated as a dangerous criminal at 8 years of age! The horror and the injustice of that poor child's treatment led me to the determination to rescue her if possible, and to do for her what I would

Parents contributing to the delinquency of children.
Fathers...

Fined and suspended.
Discharged

Fined
Mothers

Discharged..

Fined and suspended.
Number other than parents

Sentenced to jail..
Total contributing to delinquency of children
Letters to boys
Letters to parents.
Letters, applications for positions
Complaints heard in office..
Situations obtained
Adoption cases recorded
Dependent cases recorded
Children brought into court.
Children ordered to report.
Discharged
Cases fined and fine remitted.
Working boys on list
Schoolboys on list
Garments furnished needy families.
Shoes furnished to boys (pairs).
Suits furnished to boys
Needy cases relieved
Baths given, about

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Probation officer's report for April, 1904.

Reports from teachers (written, 187; verbal, 21):
April 9—

Good
Excellent.
Fair.
Poor

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Boys on trial
Boys excused.
Girls committed to State Industrial School
Parents contributing to the delinquency of children.

Fathers (fined).
Mothers (discharged).

24
10
1
3
2

had co

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