Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Rules of the House of the Committee on Rules, House of Representatives, Ninety-seventh Congress, First Session, on Various Legislative Veto Bills Introduced in the 97th Congress, October 7, 28, and November 19, 1981
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983 - 408 halaman
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action administration adopted agency allowed amendment Appropriations approved argument authority become believe bill Chairman clause Commission committee concerned concurrent Congress congressional consideration considered constitutional continuous Court debate decision delegation Department disapproval effect enacted Energy executive executive branch exercise existing fact Federal FERC final give going Government hearings House Houses of Congress implementation important incremental pricing independent intent interest issue judicial legislative veto Levitas limited look major matter means MOAKLEY MORRISON natural gas necessary objection opportunity oversight passed period petitioners Phase present President problem procedure promulgated proposed provisions question reason record regulations regulatory regulatory reform Representatives resolution responsibility rule rulemaking Senate separation of powers specific statement statute subcommittee submitted things tion United veto provisions violation vote
Halaman 117 - When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner.
Halaman 132 - The doctrine of the separation of powers was adopted by the Convention of 1787, not to promote efficiency but to preclude the exercise of arbitrary power. The purpose was, not to avoid friction, but, by means of the inevitable friction incident to the distribution of the governmental powers among three departments, to save the people from autocracy.
Halaman 131 - The legislative department derives a superiority, in our Governments, from other circumstances. Its constitutional powers being at once more extensive and less susceptible of precise limits, it can, with the greater facility, mask, under complicated and indirect measures, the encroachments which it makes on the co-ordinate departments.
Halaman 15 - Nothing is so embarrassing nor so mischievous in a great assembly as the details of execution. The smallest trifle of that kind occupies as long as the most important act of legislation, and takes place of everything else.
Halaman 145 - The legislative power shall be vested in a Congress, to consist of two separate and distinct bodies of men, a House of Representatives and a Senate ; each of which shall in all cases have a negative on the other.
Halaman 118 - It is agreed on all sides, that the powers properly belonging to one of the departments ought not to be directly and completely administered by either of the other departments. It is equally evident, that neither of them ought to possess, directly or indirectly, an overruling influence over the others in the administration of their respective powers.
Halaman 406 - ... agency and includes the approval or prescription for the future of rates, wages, corporate or financial structures or reorganizations thereof, prices, facilities, appliances, services or allowances therefor or of valuations, costs, or accounting, or practices bearing on any of the foregoing; (5) "rule making...
Halaman 382 - tax expenditures" means those revenue losses attributable to provisions of the Federal tax laws which allow a special exclusion, exemption, or deduction from gross income or which provide a special credit, a preferential rate of tax, or a deferral of tax liability; and the term "tax expenditures budget" means an enumeration of such tax expenditures.
Halaman 117 - Here, then, is the fundamental constitution of the government we are treating of. The legislative body being composed of two parts, they check one another by the mutual privilege of rejecting. They are both restrained by the executive power, as the executive is by the legislative.