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. 124 .114
Harbor of Cleveland,
57 History of Cleveland,
9 Hotels in Cleveland,
.110 in Ohio City,
.144 Inhabitants of Cleveland, residence of, &c.
66 of Ohio City, residence of, &c. Insolvents, Commissioner's Office of,
.119 Insurance Offices,.. Judges of the Supreme Court,.
.119 of the Court of Common Pleas, Light Houses, ....
116 Manufactories in Cleveland,.
50 in Ohio City,.. Mails, arrival and departure of, .. Markets,...,
45 Municipal Officers of Cleveland,.. of Ohio City,
125 Navigation and Commerce,..
57 Newspapers and Periodicals in Cleveland,
in Ohio City,
124 Ohio City, description of,.... Physicians and Surgeons in Cleveland, Population of Cleveland,
60 of Ohio City,
125 Post Office, ...., Postage, rates of..
..115 Rail Roads,......
.51 113 Schools in Cleveland,
49 in Ohio City,....
.124 Spring Cottage and Baths,.. State Officers, Stages,...
115 Streets, lanes and alleys,
46 Vessels belonging to the District of Cuyahoga..
..117 Western Seamens' Friend Society,
.106 Willey Gardens,
47 Young Ladies' Seminary,.....
....108 Young Men's Literary Association...
This work has been undertaken at the request of many respectable citizens generally interested in the diffusion of useful information. No labor has been avoided nor expense spared to render it one of the most complete of the kind in the United States.
Numerous transcriptions, imperfect or mistaken answers to enquiries, and the immense trouble and difficulty attend. ing the numbering of houses, may be adduced as furnish. ing powerful obstacles by retarding the progress of the work, and will account for any omissions or inaccuracies that may appear in the Directory.
If, notwithstanding these obstacles, the work should be found tolerably correct, the publisher indulges in the hope that it will meet with the liberal encouragement of an en. lightened public.
In this hope he commits the book to the world, certain that every means by which information is conveyed, or commercial convenience promoted and established, will be appreciated ; and a work which aims at these important objects, will meet with the encouragement to which he trusts he is entitled for honest endeavors to promote the general welfare.
To Leonard Case, Esq. Hon. John W. Willey, James S. Clarke, Esq. Hon. John W. Allen, Jonathan Williams, H. B. Payne, H. V. Willson, Henry Sexton, Harvey Ricė, Samuel Williamson, T. P. Handy, Samuel Starkweather,
Henry H. Dodge, O. P. Baldwin, Cyrus Williams, Dudley Baldwin, S. L. Severance, John Shier, J. & W. Day, Whittlesey & Harris, Canfield & Spencer, and Daniel Worley, Esqrs, and other gentlemen who have furnished information connected with the work, or who have kindly encouraged the undertaking, the 'publisher begs leave to tender his most grateful acknowledgments.
CLEVELAND City and Port of Entry, is situated on the East side of Cuyahoga River, at its mouth, on the Southern shore of Lake Erie; its site is on a gravelly plain of considerable elevation above the waters of the Lake, over which is a beautiful prospect. Distance 140 miles N. E. from Columbus, 130 N. W. from Pittsburgh, 196 by water from Buffalo, and is exactly midway from East to West of the Reserve; being just 60 miles in a direct line from each extremity; N. lat. 41° 31' W. long. 81° 46' or 4° 44' from Washington.
The city derives its name from MR. Moses CLEVELAND, the agent who accompanied the first surveying party.
In preparing for press the first Directory of Cleveland, an opinion was entertained by the author, that the follow. ing brief historical sketch of the origin of the title to the soil on which the City is built, and its early condition and progress, would not be uninteresting; more particularly, as most of the present inhabitants of the city have but recently located themselves in it, and many of them, probably, have obtained but limited information in relation to the origin of the title, which is somewhat peculiar.
The Western Reserve of Connecticut, in which the city is so pleasantly situated on the South shore of Lake Erie, and East side of Cuyahoga River, is a tract of country in the State of Ohio, bounded East by the West line of Penn. sylvania, South by the completion of the 41st degree of North latitude, West parallel with the West line of Penn. sylvania, and one hundred and twenty statute miles West from it, extending North to 428 2', which was excepted
and reserved by the State of Connecticut, (and hence is derived the name) in her deed of lands ceded to the United States Sept. 13, 1786, to the lands in said Reserve, as well as the lands ceded to the U. States, Connecticut claimed both the soil and the political jurisdiction, under and by virtue of her charter from Charles Il. This title, however, was never fully admitted by some of the other Colonies; yet to a limited extent, she actually exercised jurisdiction, and about the year 1792, granted 500,000 acres of the Western part of the Reserve to persons whose property had been destroyed by fire in the towns of New London, Groton, Fairfield and others, by the depredations of the British in the Revolutionary war, whence originated the appellation Fire Lands and Sufferer's Land Company.“ The residue of her Western Reserve lands, estimated at three millions of acres, Connecticut sold to a company of fifty-six .individuals, principally citizens of Connecticut and Massachusetts, embracing many of the most intelligent and enterprising men in those States. The company received a deed from Connecticut Sept. 5, 1795, and on the same day granted the whole tract to John Caldwell
, John Morgan and Jonathan Brace, members of said company, residing at Hartford, (all of whom are yet living and of sound business mind,) in trust, for the benefit of all those who then owned Scrip in the stock of said company, or who should afterwards become owners therein, according to articles agreed upon by the company, for the purpose of more conveniently aparting lands to each owner, according to his proportion of stock in said company; and for the more convenient management of the concerns of the com. pany they constituted a board of directors, and appointed a clerk to record their proceedings and keep a book of records of ownership and transfer of stock ; which consisted mere. ly of the price paid for said 3,000,000 of acres, and was 1,200,000 dollars; and every person who owned stock in said company was deemed to be an equitable tenantin common in the lands purchased according to the amount of stock owned, estimated in dollars, and was called so many 1,200,000 thousandths of said reserve.