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March 3, 1847.
The ten regi by the act of 11th February, 1847, ch. 8, to be organized.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to organize the ten regiments to be raised by virtue of the act of the eleventh of February, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, into brigades and divisions, either by allotting portions of the same to the brigades and divisions of the regular army or volunteer forces in the service of the United States, and, if the efficiency of the service shall require it, to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, such Major-generals number of additional brigadier-generals, not exceeding three, and and brigadier major-generals, not exceeding two, as the organization of the said forces may require: Provided, That each brigade shall consist of not less than three regiments, and each division of not less than two brigades: And provided, further, That the said general officers shall be immediately discharged from the service of the United States at the close of the war with Mexico.
generals to appointed.
Three assistant adjutant-generals to be appointed.
same manner as the same were performed and exercised when Frank.
thorized to ac
cept the services of volunteers
now in Mexico, and to organize
CHAP. LXI.— An Act making Provision for an additional Number of general
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the President be, and he is hereby, authorized to accept the services of such of the volunteers now in Mexico as, in his opinion, the state of the public service may require, and who may, at the termination of the present term, voluntarily engage to serve during the war with Mexico; and to organize the same into companies, battalions, and regiments, agreeably to existing laws, and to commission the officers for the same.
SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That, in addition to the pay and allowances allowances provided for the volunteers now in the service of the
1847, ch. 8. How officers
shall take rank.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be added to the adjutant-general's department one assistant adjutant-general, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of a lieutenant-colonel of cavalry, and two assistant adjutants-general, with the brevet rank, pay, and emoluments of a captain of cavalry, to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, in the same manner, and be charged with the same duties, as those authorized by existing laws.
United States, under existing laws, each volunteer who shall reënter the service under the provisions of this act, in Mexico, immediately after the close of his present term of service, shall be entitled to a bounty of twelve dollars to be paid as soon as the company shall have been duly mustered and received be [by] the mustering and inspecting officer.
Individual vol SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, that the President be, and he is unteers may be accepted to fill hereby, authorized to accept the services of individual volunteers to fill vacancies which may occur by death, discharge, or other cause, in the volunteer regiments or corps now in the service of the United States, or which may be received during the existing war with Mexico.
SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That all the officers to be appointed in the ten regiments to be raised and organized under the "Act to raise for a limited Time an additional military Force, and for other Purposes," shall take rank, in case of equal grade, in such manner as the President of the United States may direct, without regard to priority of appointment.
Number of sub
SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That to each company of said ten regiments there may be appointed the same number of subaltern alterns to a com officers as are provided by existing laws for the companies of volunteers whose term shall expire as provided in the fifth section of the act of eleventh of February eighteen hundred and forty-seven.
SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of the act approved May thirteenth, eighteen hundred and forty-six, entitled "An Act to authorize an Increase of the Rank and File of the Army of the United States," be, and the same are hereby, made applicable to the regiment of mounted riflemen authorized by the act of the ninth [nineteenth] of May, eighteen hundred and forty-six.
SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That to each regiment of dragoons, artillery, and mounted riflemen, in the regular army, there shall be added one principal teamster, with the rank and compensation of quartermaster-sergeant, and to each company of the same two teamsters, with the compensation of artificers.
SEC. 14. And be it further enacted, That all paymasters hereafter to be appointed by the President for the volunteer service of the United States shall be nominated to the Senate for confirmation to such office.
1847, ch. 8.
1846, ch. 17.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the proviso to the second section of the act approved March second, eighteen hundred and twenty-seven, entitled "An Act giving further Compensation to the Captains and Subalterns of the Army of the United States, in certain Cases," shall be so interpreted as not to include lieutenants who hold the appointments of adjutant and regimental quartermaster.
Sutlers to have no liens on pay
SEC. 11. And be it further enacted, That so much of any army regulation as gives to any sutler a lien upon any part of the pay of of soldiers, &c. the soldiers, or a right to appear at the pay table to receive the soldier's pay from the paymaster, shall be, and the same is hereby, abrogated; and all regulations extending the rights and privileges of sutlers beyond the rules and articles of war shall be, and hereby are, abrogated.
SEC. 12. And be it further enacted, That the President of the deputy United States be, and he hereby is, authorized, by and with the advice paymaster-genand consent of the Senate, to add to the pay department of the army paymasters to be two deputy paymaster-generals, with the pay, and allowances, each of appointed. a deputy quartermaster-general, and ten paymasters, with the pay and allowances each of a paymaster of the army; and the officers so appointed shall give such bonds as the President shall, from time to time, direct: Provided, That the deputy paymaster-generals shall, in addition to paying troops, superintend the payment of armies in the field.
holding the appointments adjutant and reg
1827, ch. 42.
Rank of officers
SEC. 13. And be it further enacted, That the officers of the pay department shall have rank corresponding with the rank to which of pay departtheir pay and allowances are assimilated: Provided, That paymasters shall not in virtue, of such rank, be entitled to command in the line, or other staff departments of the army: Provided, also, That the right to command in the pay department, between officers having the same rank, shall be in favor of the oldest in service in the department, without regard to the date of commission under which they may be acting at the time.
Paymasters of volunteers to be nominated to the Senate.
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That the non-commissioned Bounty to the officers, musicians, and privates of the regiment of dragoons author- regiment of dra. ized to be raised by an act entitled "An Act to raise for a limited Time an additional military Force and for other Purposes," shall receive the same bounty as is allowed to the non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates of the other regiments authorized to be raised by said act.
VOL. IX. PUB. 24
Increase of ord
SEC. 16. And be it further enacted, That the President of the depart United States be, and is hereby, authorized to add to the ordnance department, whenever he shall deem it expedient to increase the same, two captains and six first lieutenants, who shall be entitled to receive the same pay and allowances as officers of those grades, respectively, now belonging to that department, to be disbanded at the close of the war.
Brevets to non
SEC. 17. And be it further enacted, That when any non-commiscommissioned of sioned officer shall distinguish himself, or may have distinguished
himself, in the service, the President of the United States shall be, and is hereby, authorized, on the recommendation of the commanding officer of the regiment to which such non-commissioned officer belongs, to attach him by brevet of the lowest grade of rank, with the usual pay and emoluments of such grade, to any corps of the army: Provided, That there shall not be more than one so attached to any one company at the same time; and when any private soldier shall so distinguish himself, the President may in like manner grant him a certificate of merit, which shall entitle him to additional pay at the rate of two dollars per month.
Two companies to be added to ments of artil
each of regi
1821, ch. 13.
Additional companies of light
Pay of light artillery.
additional rations for the adjutantgeneral and the
1842, ch. 186.
Deficient regiments to be consolidated, and su
pernumerary officers discharged.
When the officers and forces authorized by this act shall be discharged.
SEC. 18. And be it further enacted, That there shall be added to each of the regiments of artillery two companies, to be organized in the same manner, and who shall receive the like pay and allowances in every respect as authorized by existing laws; and in addition to the four companies authorized by the act of March second, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, to be equipped as light artillery, the President is hereby empowered, when he shall deem it necessary, to designate four other companies, one in each regiment, to be organized and equipped as light artillery; and each regiment of artillery shall be allowed two principal musicians with the rates of pay provided by law for the principal musicians in the regiments of infantry.
SEC. 19. And be it further enacted, That the officers and men of the light artillery, when serving as such and mounted, shall receive the same pay and allowances as provided by law for the dragoons.
SEC. 20. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of the sixth section of the act entitled, "An Act respecting the Organization of the Army," &c., approved August twenty-third, one thousand eight hundred and forty-two, which allow additional rations to certain officers of the army, be, and the same are hereby, so extended as to embrace the quartermaster-general and adjutant-general of the army from the date of the act.
SEC. 21. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose of avoiding unnecessary expenses in the military establishment including volunteers, the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized, in case of failure in filling the rank and file of any regiment or regiments, to consolidate such deficient regiment or regiments, and discharge all supernumerary officers: Provided, That officers so discharged shall be allowed, in addition to the mileage already authorized by law, three months' pay to each.
SEC. 22. And be it further enacted, That all the officers appointed, and the additional force authorized to be raised under this act, shall be discharged at the close of the war with Mexico, except the officers of the ordnance authorized by the sixteenth section, and the two companies to each regiment of artillery authorized by the eighteenth section of this act.
APPROVED, March 3, 1847.
CHAP. LXII.—An Act providing for the Building and Equipment of four naval Steamships.
March 3, 1847.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Four first-class United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President steamships to be built and equip of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to cause to be built and equipped four first-class sea-going steamships, to be attached to the navy of the United States, and that one million of dollars be, and is hereby, appropriated for that purpose, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That from and immediately after the passage of this act, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Navy to accept, on the part of the government of the United States, the proposals of E. K. Collins and his associates, of the city of New York, submitted to the Postmaster-General, and dated Washington, March sixth, eighteen hundred and forty-six, for the transportation of the United States mail between New York and Liverpool, and to contract with the said E. K. Collins and his associates for the faithful fulfilment of the stipulations therein contained, and in accordance with the provisions of this act.
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the steamships to be employed by the said E. K. Collins and his associates in the transportation of the United States mail between New York and Liverpool shall be constructed under the inspection of a naval constructor in the employ of the Navy Department, and shall be so constructed as to render them convertible, at the least possible cost, into war steamers of the first class; and that each of said steamers shall receive on board four passed midshipmen of the United States navy, who shall serve as watch officers, and be suitably accommodated without charge to the government; and the said steamers shall also receive on board and accommodate, without charge to the government, one agent, to be appointed by the Postmaster-General, who shall have charge of the mails to be transported in said steamships.
SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That from and immediately after the passage of this act, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Navy to contract, on the part of the government of the United States, with A. G. Sloo, of Cincinnati, for the transportation of the United States mail from New York to New Orleans, twice a month and back, touching at Charleston, (if practicable,) Savannah, and Havana; and from Havana to Chagres and back, twice a month. The said mail to be transported in at least five steamships of not less than fifteen hundred tons burden, and propelled by engines of not less than one thousand horse power each, to be constructed under the superintendence and direction of a naval constructor in the employ of the Navy Department, and to be so constructed as to render them convertible, at the least possible expense, into war steamers of the first class; and that the said steamships shall be commanded by officers of the United States navy not below the grade of lieutenant, who shall be selected by the contractor, with the approval and consent of the Secretary of the Navy, and who shall be suitably accommodated without charge to the government. Each of said steamers shall receive on board four passed inidshipmen of the United States navy, who shall serve as watch officers, and be suitably accommodated without charge to the government; and each of the said steamers shall also receive on board and accommodate, without charge to the government, one agent, to be appointed by the Postmaster-General, who shall have charge of the mails to be transported in said steamers: Provided, The Secretary of the Navy may, g at his discretion, permit a steamer of not less than six hundred tons b. rden, and engines in proportion, to be employed in
Navy to accept
tation of mail be-
Steamshipshow to be constructed, &c.
Each steamship shall receive on board four passed midshipmen and a mail agent.
Secretary of Navy to contract with A. G. Sloo for transportation of mail between N. Orleans, &c.
New York and
What description of steamships shall be employed,
Each of said steamers to ceive on board
four passed midshipmen and a mail agent.
the mail service herein provided for between Havana and Chagres: Compensation. Provided, further, That the compensation for said service shall not exceed the sum of two hundred and ninety thousand dollars, and that good and sufficient security be required for the faithful fulfilment of the stipulations of the contract.
SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Navy to contract, on behalf of the government of the United States, for the transportation of the mail froin Panama to such port as he may select in the Territory of Oregon, once a month each way, so as to connect with the nail from Havana to Chagres across the isthmus; said mail to be transported in either steam or sailing vessels, as shall be deemed most practicable and expedient.
SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Navy to provide, in the contracts authorized by this act, that the Navy Department shall at all times exercise control over said steamships, and at any time have the right to take them for the exclusive use and service of the United States, and to direct such changes in their machinery and internal arrangements as the Secre1851, ch. 34, § 2. tary of the Navy may require; due provision being made in the said contracts for the mode of ascertaining the proper compensation to the contractors therefor.
APPROVED, March 3, 1847.
Security to be given.
Secretary of Navy to contract for transportation of mail from Pan ama to Oregon.
provide in the the Navy De partment shall have control over said steamships.
CHAP. LXIII. — An Act to establish certain Post Routes and for other Purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following be established as post roads:
Maine. From Dixfield, through Peru, to Canton Mills, in the county of Oxford.
From Newport, through Corinna and Dexter, to Dover, in the county of Penobscot.
From Standish, through Limington, Sebago, Denmark, and Bridgeton, to Sweden.
From Brownsville, in the county of Piscataquis, to Katadhin Iron Works.
From Monson, by Abbot, Parkman, Dexter, and Newport, to Detroit, in Maine.
New Hampshire. - From Exeter to the city of Manchester.
From the city of Manchester, through Candia, South Deerfield,
Vermont. From Bakersfield, via West Enosburgh post-office, and Enosburgh Falls post-office, to West Berkshire.
From Bridgewater to Ludlow.
From Northumberland, New Hampshire, to Sutton, Vermont.
Rhode Island. From Providence, Rhode Island, by Valley Falls, in Smithfield, Diamond Hill, in Cumberland, West Wentham, Franklin, Medway, and Holliston, to Framingham Depot, in Massachusetts.
From Providence, by Smithville or Clayville, to Killingly, Connecticut.
From Washington Village, in the State of Rhode Island, via Maple Root Meeting-House, Weaver's Hill, East Coheaghill, in West Greenwich, to Volentown, in the State of Connecticut.)
Connecticut. From Thomson via the post villages of Fish