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46. form, s. iórm, in form, deform', reform', efform', triform, len'tiform, nulliform, inform', misinform', conform', perform', transform', platforın', uniform'.

47. en, s. n, in deaf'en, * beech'en, fresh'en, length'en, weaken, drunk'en, spóken, tóken, stolen, swollen, chéapen, ripen, open, bap'pen, locs'en, béaten, lighten, brighten, heart'en, fat'ten, writ'ten, heav'en, sev'en, wóven, flax'en, brazen, coz'en, doz'en, miz'zen, &c. (en s. ën in monosyllables) as glen, ten, wen; and in such words as twig'gen, kitch'en, hy phen, álien, woollen, ámen', spe" cimen, lin'en, as'pen, l»reth'ren, siren, mar'ten, &c.-of'ten and sof'ten s. ofn and sofn.

48. sten, s. s n, in hásten, fas'ten, unfas'ien, chásten, lis'ten, glis'in, inois'ten, chris'ten.

49. ain accented, or in a monosyllable, s. àne, in ordáin, disdain, regain, encháin, complain, explain, domáin, refráin, restráin, contáin, abstáin, chilDlain, por'celain, (ain s. én in) again', against'.

50. ain, unaccented, s. in--in vil'lain, chap'lain, chamberlain, mur'rain, ief'tain, plan'tain, foun'tain, moun'tain, cap'tain, cer'tain, uncer'tain, cur'tain,

51. ion, preceded by l or n, accented, s. yản, in baital'ion, vermillion, pavil'ion, medallion, rebellion, billion, million, postil'ion, &c. compan’ion, min'ion, doinin'ion, opin'ion, on’ion, &c.

62. sion, preceded by a, e, i, o, or u, s. zhủn in occasion, evasion, invá bien, persuasion, dissuasion, &c adhésion, inhésion, cohésion ; decis''ion, pro cis”ion, incis''ion, collision, divis''ion, provis”ion, &c. displosion, explosion, corró sior ; fúsion, diffusion, infúsion, confusion, conclusion, exclusion, allusion, intrú sion, contúsion, &c.

53. sion, preceded by any of the consonants, s. shủn, in impulsion, compulsion, expan'sion, comprehen'sion, dimen’sion, iner'sion, aver'sion, incur'sion, pass'ion, process'ion, possess'ion, miss'ion, percussion, dismiss'ion,t &c.

54. ssion, s. shủn, in pasʼsion, compas'sion, ces'sion, conces'sion, profes'. sion, egres'sior, pres'sion, session, posses'sion, mis'sion, remission, manumis'sion, concussion, discus'sion, &c.

55. tion, s. shản, in constitution, solution, elocution, caution, portion, op'tion, perception, atten’tion, contrition, addition, conjunc'tion, collec'tion, elevation, lamentation, vacation, probátion, libátion, &c.

56. tion, preceded by s, or x, s. tshún, in ambus'tion, combus'tion, ques' tion, conges'tion, diges'tion, sugges'tion, bas’tion, &c. mix'tion, admix'tion, come mix'tion, permix'tion.

57. xion, s. shủn, in flex'ion, complex'ion, annex'ion, connex'ion, prefix' jon, affix'ion, crucifix'ion, commix'ion, fux'ion.

58. son, s. zn, in reason, tréason, séason, ven'ison, poison, empoison, coun’terpoison, pris'on, impris'on, dam'son, crim'son. (son, s. zůn, in) diapason. (son, s. sún, in) son, grand'son, god'son, únison, compar'ison. (son, s. sn, in) máson, gar'rison, par’son, per’son, les'son.

59. own, s. own, in down, adown', upside-down', renown', imbrown', nut'. brown. (own, s. on, in) own, shown, blown, flown, high'flown, known, unknówn, disown, unsówn.

60. ear, s. ère, in ear, endear', rehear, overhear', besméar, appear, disappéar, upréar; arrear, leap year. (ear, s, áre, in) bear, bugbear, upbear, underbeár, overbear, forbeár, pear, tear, (v.) tear (n. a rent), wear, swear, unswear, forswear, outswear. (ear, s. dår, in) lin'ear, rectilin'ear, curvilin'ear.

61. er, s. år, in am'ber, cháinber, october, cum'ber, of'ficer, offend'er, pretend'er, fin'ger, lin'ger, lexicogʻrapher, geog'rapher, orthog'rapher, biogʻrapher, historiographer, cosmogʻrapher, controller, glim'mer, sum'mer, mar'iner, móurner, usurp'er, con'jurer, con'quer, consid'er, diam'eter, pentam'eter, hex.

* When a vowel is not sounded in the verb, it is silent also in the participles derived from it.

+ Though in some of the preceding and succeeding paragraphs it is impossible to point out the particular accented letter, yet luy means of the mark, the syllable, or sound, on which the accept rests, will not readily be mistaken.

B

am'eter, barom'eter, inter'preter, re"gister, empow'er, assayer, &c. (er, accented, s. &r, in) defer', refer', prefer', infer', deter', &c. (eer, s. ère, in) beer, rain'deer, mountaineer, enginéer, dominer, muti::ber, privatéer, volunteer chariotéer, gazettéer, &c. (e'er, s. åre, in) e'er, ne'er, whene'cr', where'er' (ier, accented, and in one syllable, s. ere, in pier, cashier, cavalier, chan. deliér, carabiniér, cannoniér, &c.

62. or, s. ůr, in ambass'ador, miéteor, an'chor, met'aphor, author, major, sénior, júnior, inférior, supériour, iriériour, war'rior, sailor, demeanor, minor, stúpor, em'peror, júror, vis'or, cen'sor, suc'cessor, profess'or, possess'or, progres'ticalor, elucidator, gladiator, medióter, ven'tilator, le'gislator, translator, sen'ator, denom'inator, moderator, or'ator, speciátor, equátor, debi'or, ac'tor, collect'or, protect'or, vic'tor, proprietor, aúditor, invent'or, &c., (or, s. or, in) or, áchor, ichor, sápor, prétor, unlocked'for, unhoped for, &c. (or and oor, s. öre, in) louis d'or', corridor', bai'tledoor, back'door, trapaloor', death's'door, ground floor, thrash'ingfloor. (oor, s. dör, in) boor, moor, poor, uomoor black'amoor.--or, s. Ör, in abhor'.

63. our, s. år, in labour, tábour, ar'bour, harbour, suc'cour, ran'cour, splen'dour, vigour, valour, colour, parʻlour, clam'our, ar'mour, rúmour, hon'our, endeav'our, fávour, sávour, &c. (our, s. owr, in) our, scour, hour, flour, sour, devour'. (our, s. óór, in) amour', par'amour, tour, contour'.--the verb to pour, s. pore, or powr.---four, s. fóre.-your, s. ure.-iour, s. yür, in behaviour, sáviour.

64. ass, s. åss, in lass, class, glass, look'ing-glass, ísing-glass, tin'glass, weath'erglass, hour'glass, amass', repass', surpass', spar'rowgrass, scur'vy. grass, car'cass, cut'lass, com'pass, encompass, tres'pass, har'ass, sasósafras, cuirass', morass', can'vas.

65. ous, s. ůs, in tremen'dous, stupen'dous, hid'eous, spontáneous, plen'teous, terráqueous, analogous, odious, stúdious, plous, várious, jeal'ous, perilous, friv'olous, cred'ulous, trem'ulous, in'famous, unan'imous, moun'tainous, luminous, poisonous, won'drous, númerous, dex'terous, odorous, clam'orous, tráiterous, adven'turous, soli'citous, momen'tous, porten'tous, gratuitous, fortuitous, &c.

66. ceous, s. shůs, in fabáceous, herbáceous, argillaceous, cetáceous, cretáceous, crustáceous, &c.

67. ious and cous, preceded by d, s. éůs, in tédious, perfid'ious, fastid'ious, insid'ious, invid'ious, compen'dious, odious, melódious, commodious, &c. hid'eous, lapid'eous, stúdious.

68. cious and scious, s. shủs, in efficácious, andácious, sagacious, fallacious, tenacious, pertinácious, spácious, grácious, vorácious, vivácious, loquácious, spécious, pre"cious, judi'cious, off"cious, mali'cious, perni'cious, auspi"cious, capri" cious, atrocious, &c. omnis'cious, con'scious, lus'cious, &c.

69. tious, s. shůs, in ostentátious, vexátious, fac'tious, ambi"tious, propi'tious, ficti''tious, adventi'tious, supersti'tious, conscien’tious, senten’tious, con. ten'tious, captious, cautious, incautious, &c.

70. uous, s. úůs, in conspic'uous, promis'cuous, assid'uous,sar'duous, ambig'uous, contig'uous, mellifluous, super'fluous, ingen'uous, stren’uous, sin'vous, impet'uous, tumultuous, contempt'uous, sumpt'uous, virt'aous, tempest'uous, con'gruous, incon'gruous.

71. eat, s. ète, in eat, beat, brow'beat, defeat, eschéat, repeat, entréat, retrčat, in sweet'meat.-eat, s. et, in threat, sweat.-eat, 8. åte, in great.eat, s. èåt, in caveat.-hereat', thereat', whereat', s. here at, thare at, hware åt.

72. ct, s. kt, in act, enaet', compact', defect', infect', per'fect, deject', select', as'pect, respect', inspect', pros'pect, direct', dissect', predict', strict, dis'trict, instinct, extinct', ad'junct, deduct', prod'uct, obstruct', instruct', construct', &c. (ct has the same sound when s is added, thus) acts, enacts', defects', infects', dejects', respects', inspects', pros'pects, directs', sects, dissects', predicts', dis'tricts, ad'juncts, &c. ,(ici, s. lte, in endict, and iudict'.)

3. ight, s. ite, in fight, alight', delight', enlight', moon'light, star'light,

[graphic]

day'light, sky'light, benight, birth'right, yes'ternight, overnight, aright, affright, down'right (adv.) outright, secondsight, eyesighi, (ight, s. {te, in) twilight, midnight, fort'night, birth'right, down'right, (adj.) up'right, foresight, in'sight, oversight. (seven-night, s. sen'nit.)

74. eight, s. ate, in freight, pen'nyweight, troy'weight, weight'ily', weight'iness, weigh'ty, eight'een, eight'fold, eight'score, eight'y. (eight, s. ite, in height, sleight.)

75. aught, s. åt, in aught, ful'fraught. (aught, s. åst, in) draught, rough:draught.

176. ought, s. åt, in ought, dear'-bought, methought', fóre-thought, allierthought, mer'ry-thought, high-wrought, inwroughi', unwrought', overwrought', besought'. (ought, s. owt, in drought.)

77. scent, s. sént, in scent, ascent', renas'cent, descent', quies'cent, convales'cent, evanes'cent, cres'cent, excres'cent, &c. 98. cw, s. o, in elbow, rain'bow, meadow, shad'ow, overshad'ow, wid'ow,

dow, bow'-window, fur'below, fallow, hal’low, shal'low, sal'low, tallow, d'low, swallow, bel'low, fellow, school'fellow, play'fellow, mel'low, yellow, billow, pillow, wil'low, fol'low, hol'low, whit'low, win'now, scarecrow, overthrow, (12) ar'row, nar'row, hurrow, mar'row, spar'row, yar'row, bor'row, mor'. row, sor'row, bur'row, fur'row. (ow, s. o, in) bow (n.) io shcot arrow's; ráreshow, foreshow', pup'petshow, overblow', below', overflow' (v.) foreknow', overgrow', overthrow' (0.) bestow'. (ow, s. ow, in) bow (n. an act of reverence, or 2'. io bend), endow', some'how, allow', disallow', mow (n.) row, good'now, enow', erenow', eyebrow, avow'.

79. ay, s. à, in bay, decay', alack'aday', noon'day, delay', relay', allay', inlay', display', overlay', mislay', waylay', dismay', defray', affray', array", betray', assay (v.), away', high'way, &c. (ay, s. à, in) mon'day, lues'day, wednes'day, thurs'day, friday, sat'urday, sun'day, yes'terday, hey-day, hol'yday, nósegay, round'elay, sooth'say, hear'say, es'say (n.), run'away, car'away, cast'away, cause'way, half'way, gang'way, path'way. hay, s. e.—quay,

80. fy, a verbal termination, s. fl, in jus'tify, rectify, púrisy, tes'tify, pa"cify, crucify, notify, ter'rify, for'tify, cal'efy, túmety, beautify, sanc'tify, sig'nify, qua'lify, glorify, &c. (ty, or fi, in the participles of such verbs, has the same sound, thus) jus'tifying, jus'tified; rec'rifying, rec'tified; púrifying, púrified, &c. (the same sound of fi prevails in the nouns derived from such verbs as tliese, sig. nifying(an actor, thus) jus'tifier, rec'tifier, púrifier, &c. (but in nouns from these verbs signifying an act, fi takes the sound of fé, thus) justification, parificátion, testification, &c. (fi has the sound of lè also in such words as) justificátor, testificátɔr, &c. (ty, sounds fl, in the verbs defy and afiy, also in the interjection fy-fy sounds fè in the adjectives) léasy, chal'ty, shelf'y, turí'y.

81. ly, unaccented, s. lė, in ábly, probably, at'fably, remark'ably, séasonably, durably, súitably, learn'edly, sacredly, assuredly, Idly, friend'ly, tmely, humanely, opportúnely, securely, purposely, ultimately, completely, politely, remotely, ab'solutely pen'sively, oc'tively, obligingly, willingly, lav'ishls, maid'ically, finally, lib'erally, delightfully, firm'ly, openly, am'ply, cléarly, or'erly, man'nerly, end'lessly, remiss'ly, hazardously, stidiously, gen'erously, perfeculi, discreetlý, sprightly, pleas'antly, diécently, prúdently, apparently, consistently, &c. (ly, accented, and in monosyllables, s. ll, in) supply', apply', comply', reply', july', ally', cutfiy', rely':

82. abły, s. åbiė, in probably, am'ically, laud'ably, peaceably, affably, variably, remark’ably, conform’ably, réasonably, séasonably, com'parably, al'terably, lol'erably, memorably, fárcurably; War'rantally, lam'entably, com'fortably, équably, observably, &c. (the abverbably, s. abie.)

83. ibly, s. eble, invin'cibly, forcibiy, cred'ibly, audibly, leg"ibly, intelligibly, intal'libly, terribly, vis'ibly, sen'sibly, pos'silly, plausibly, compatibly, percep'tibly, contemp'libly, conver'iibly, irresisi'ibly, inflex'ibly, &c.

84. ily, s. éle, in read'ily, steadily, gaud'ily, worthily, luckily, family, hap' pily, primarily, or'dinarily, solitärils, voluntarily, satisfactorily, tran'sila

s. ke

rily, búsily, lof'tily, hear'tily, &c.-mily, s. ilė, in shily, slily, wily-iiy, s, ile, in lily: -aily, s. ald, in daily, gáily.

85. iety, s. lėtė, in society, piety, impiety, contrariety, variety, ebriety, sobriety, insobriety, notoriety, propriety, impropriety, satiety, anxiety. (aiety, s. détè, in gaiety-oiety, s. oy.e-te, in moiety.)

86. ity, s. ètė, in prob'ity, saga"city, capa'city, feli''city, dupli"city, velo". city, atro" city, valid'ity, rapid'ity, prosun'dity, déity, frugal'ity, liberal'ity, plu ral’ity, fatality, abil'ity, flammabil'ity, durabil'ity, stabil'ity, credibil'ity, sensibil'. ity, flexibility, utility, human ity, len'ity, dig'nity, solem’nity, impunity, author'. ity, inaturity, quan'tity, vacuity, nativ'iiy, &c. (ity, s. itė, in) cit'y, pit'y:

87. osity, s ösére, in verbos'ity, morbos'ity, curios'ity, sententios'ity, ani mos'ity, generos'ity, impetuos'ity, &c.

VARIATION OF ACCENT. A Change of Accent takes place on the following words acco

ing as they are Nouns, Verbs, or Adjectives. Nouns. Verbs.

Norns.

Verbs. ab'ject to abject'

des'cant

to descant' ab sent to absent'

dis'count

to discount ab'stract to abstract

digest

to digest' ac'cent to accent'

es'say

to essay af fix to affix

ex port

to export as'sign to assign

ex'tract

to extract' attribute to attribute

ex'ile

to exhle ang'ment to augment

fer'ment

to ferment' bombard to bonbard'

frequent (adj.) to frequent cement to cement

im'port

to import colleague to colleagué

in'cense

to incense! collect to collect

in'sult

to insult' com'pact to compact'

object

to object compound to compound

per fume

to perfume com press to compress'

per'mit

to permit concert to concert'

pre fix

to prefix con'crete to concréie

premise

to premise conduct to conduct'

pres'age

to presage con fine to confiné

present

to present conflict to conflict

produce

to produce con'sent to consent'

project

to project con'serve to conserve

prot'est, or protest' to protest' con'sort to consort'

rebei

to rebel contest to contest'

rec'ord

to l'ecord' contract to contract

refuse

to refuse con'trast to contrast

subjeci

to subject con'vent to convent'

sur vey

to survey' con'verse to converse

torment

to torment con'vert to convert

traject

to traj'ect con'vict to convict'

transfer

to transfer con'voy to convoy'

trans port

to transport desert

to desert'

Nouns.
august (the month)
com'pact
champaign (wine)
ex'ile (banishment)
gallant (a lover)

Adjectives.
august' (noble)
con pact
cam pa gu (open)
exile ( mull)
gal'lant (bold)

Nauns.
in'stinct
invalid
Levant (a place)
min ute (of time)
supine (in gram.)

Adjectives.
instinct
inval'id
lévant (eastern)
minúte (small)
supine (indolent)

Sometimes the same parts of speech have a different accent to make a difference

of signification. buffet (a blozi) buffet' (r cupboard)

des'ert (u zvilderness) desert' (merit) to con'jure (to prac- to conjure (io intreut) sin'ister (insidious) sinis'ter (the left sirie, disa nogir)

MENTOR.

The Cruel Boy. 1. AS a bird one day was flying to seek food for its young ones, a boy, who had a gun in his hand, saw it, and shot the poor thing through its head, and down it fell to the ground. The boy then ran to it, and picked it up; and when he saw that it was dead, he was very sorry for what he had done.

2. How cruel it was to kill the poor bird, which never did any harm in all its life; and to take it from its young ones, which were in the nest, wanting it to come back and feed them.

3. The poor little birds could not think why their mother staid so long from them, and kept chirping till they were quite tired. At night they grew so cold, for want of their mother to brood over them, that they did not know what to do.

4. There were five in the nest, and two of them perished with cold and hunger in the night. The other three lived till the next morning, when, getting to the edge of the nest, to look for their mother, two of them fell out, and broke their bones.

5. They lay in great pain for some time upon the ground, but could not move, for they were too young to hop or fly. At last the poor things died. “But the other poor little bird that was left in the nest, did not die so soon, for it lived all day very cold and in great pain ; it was almost famished for want of food.

6. It kept chirping, as long as it had strength to make any noise, in hopes its mother would hear, and come and feed it. But, poor thing, she was dead, and could not hear it. So, at last, when it was quite tired, it lay still at the bottom of the nest ; and in the night it rained fast, and the wind blew; so it dieci with cold, just as it began to grow daylight.

7. Thus, there was an end of the five pretty young birds, which all died in such a painful manner, because a hard-heartexi, cruel boy shot their poor

mother.

recom

** Preparatory to the learner's commencing the reading lessons, it is strongly, mended that he be required to spell

, accent and pronounce at sight all the primitive ara derivative words in the introduction, and determine which are the initial and terminational syllables, and be practised in spelling these exercises both in and cut of the book.

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