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CHEMICALS

POWERS & WEIGHTMAN,

PHILADELPHIA,

AND

60 CEDAR STREET, NEW YORK.

The manufacture of Chemicals in this country may be said to date from the war of 1812. The commercial restrictions which accompanied it caused such a scarcity and dearness of Chemicals that many personsgenerally foreigners, who had been trained to Chemistry and Pharmacy at home-were stimulated to attempt the preparation of the more necessary articles. Among those men was ABRAHAM KUNZI, a Swiss, who had been an apothecary in his own country. He came, early in the century, to Philadelphia, and was employed in the White Lead and Oil Vitrol Works already established there. He finally formed a partnership with John Farr, a young Englishman, who had graduated from one of the best retail drug stores in London. The skill, enterprise, and integrity with which the business of FARR & KUNZI was conducted rendered the firm prosperous, and the circumstances of the times enabled them to lay the foundation of the most extensive Chemical Works in America.

The concern, thus founded by FaRR & Kunzi, is now owned and conducted by their pupils and successors, the well-known Powers & WEIGHTMAN, in whose hands it has become one of the largest Chemical Establish. ments in the world. The business of the house extends to the cities and large towns of the whole country, and its reputation is unsurpassed for the purity and beauty of its Chemicals, and for the fairness and liberality of its dealings. At their laboratory, at Ninth and Parish Streets, Phila. delphia, of which an engraving presents a view, they manufacture their staple article, Sulphate of Quinia, with Morphia, Calomel, Chloroform, Strychnia, the Salts of Iron, Mercury, and Iodine, Acetic and Tartaric Acids, and the other standard Chemicals of the United States' Pharmacopea, together with the important list of Chemicals demanded by the new art of photography. In the suburbs of Philadelpha, at Schuylkill Falls, they have a larger works, where they manufacture the heavy Chemicals used in the arts : Oil of Vitrol, Nitric and Muriatic Acids, Alum, Copperas, Blue Vitrol, Epsom Salts, &c. A few years since, following the inevitable tendency of trade, they opened a house in the metropolis, and the large proportion of the trade which finds its convenient center in New York now supplies itself from their warehouse at No. 60 Cedar Street.

F. B. BETTS & CO.,

No. 349 BROADWAY.

This Saddlery House, we believe the oldest in the United States, was established in 1816, and the present members are successors to Smith & Wright; Smith, Wright & Co.; Wright, Betts & Co.; and Betts, Nichols & Co.

Of the present firm, E. VAN ANTWERP commenced with the house of Smith & Wright, in 1818, and has been a partner in all the houses from that time until the present, with the exception of about four years. F. B. BETts commenced in 1831, now thirty-six years, without any intermission. S. A. CHURCH commenced in 1830, and has been interested the whole pariod, with the exception of six years.

• The present firm continue to supply, as in former years, their old friends, and all others who desire to purchase goods in their line, as good in quality and reasonable in price as can be found elsewhere.

There is, perhaps, no other house that keeps so full and general an assortment in this line of business.

MEN'S SADDLES, LADIES' SADDLES,
HARNESS,

BRIDLES AND MARTINGALES,
SADDLE-BAGS,

WHIPS AND TRUNKS,
GIRTHS AND SURCINGLES, SADDLERY, HARDWARE, ETC.,

form the leading features in the manufactures of this House, as well as all kinds of material used by Saddlers, Shoemakers, and Carriage Manufacturers.

The Retail Department is replete with every description of City Goods, fine Harness, Blankets, Whips, &c., being constantly on hand, or made to order.

CHARLIER
FRENCH AND ENGLISH INSTITUTE

FOR YOUNG GENTLEMEN,
Boarding and Day School, Classical and Commercial,

Nos. 48, 50 & 52 EAST TWENTY-FOURTH STREET,

NEAR MADISON PARK,

Between Fourth & Lexington Aves.

: This School is now in its thirteenth year. Its Pupils are to be found at West Point, in the Naval Academy, the Army, the Counting-House, many Colleges and Professions.

The studies pursued embrace all the studies necessary for a liberal instruction. Pupils can commence when Seven years of age in the Primary Department, and continue until they are seventeen or eighteen, ready for their future profession.

German, Spanish, and French are taught by native teachers. American pupils are obliged to speak French, the only way to acquire it in a foreign country.

Complete obedience, cheerful and prompt obedience, truth in everything, and work—such are my rules.

It is a guiding principle with my assistants and myself to accustom our pupils to use their powers of reflection and of reasoning throughout the course of their studies. We do not ask them to work beyond their powers, but require strictly the performance of their tasks ; in a word, we wish them to exert themselves conscientiously.

From JAMES G. KING, Banker. My son James was with Mr. CHARLIER for five years. My son John has been under his charge for the last eight years, and has just left him to enter College. July, 1863.

J. G. KING.

From Gen. J. S. WADSWORTH. My son Jamesthas been in Mr. CHARLIER's School, as a boarding-pupil, for the last eight years. July, 1863.

J. S. WADSWORTH.

From Hon. E. DELAFIELD SMITH, U. S. District-Attorney.
PROF. ELIE CHARLIER :
Dear Sir-I intrust my son Harold to you, with confidence.
Sept, 10, 1861.

E. DELAFIELD SMITH.

From D. D. LORD, Lawyer. For ten consecutive years my sons were at Mr. CHARLIER's School--one for six, the other for five years. Both left him to enter College. July, 1866.

D. D. LORD.

From ADRIAN ISELIN, Merchant and Banker. For the last ten years my sons have been in Prof. CHARLIER's School. One has left him to enter my counting-room, one to yo to College ; the two youngest are yet with him.

A. ISELIN. ELIE CHARLIER, Director. NEW YORK, April, 1868.

The United States is emphatically the land of schools. No where, Prussia excepted, are the great masses of the people batter instructed. New York, especially, with its one hundred and fifty public schools, two thousand teachers, and a budget of two and a half millions, can hardly be excelled.

Yet there is room for numerous private institutions; and at their head justly stands that founded by Prof. ELIE CHARLIER. Opened thirteen years ago, with only seven pupils, for years it has numbered over two hundred—as many as can be received.

Such success shows what can be done in New York by a man of talent and energy. ELIE CHARLIER, born in 1827, is the son of a pious and distinguished clergyman of the Huguenot French Church, who, as usual, had a numerous family and a moderate fortune. However, wisely determining that a superior education is in itself a mine of wealth and happiness, he procured for his son the best teachers in France and Switzerland : Agassiz, Guyot, Adolphe Monod, Merle d'Aubigne, were his professors.

After passing through the strict examinations required by French law, and teaching four years in a College, young CHARLIER, finding his native country too crowded, emigrated to the United States.

In 1852 he landed in this city, with $36 and some letters of introduction to well-known New Yorkers. Three weeks after, he was teaching in Mr. Peuquet's school, where he remained for three years. During that time he learned the English language, became acquainted with our schools, and made numerous personal friends.

In 1855 he opened his Institute in the same building it still occupies, but which has been considerably enlarged.

Professor CHARLIER has acquired an independent fortune, and could retire in well-earned repose. A love for his profession, and the gratifying evidences that his conscientious endeavors to fulfill his important mission are crowned with success, will induce him to labor on for many years to come, if health and strength are continued to be vouchsafed to him.

His example has exerted a powerful influence over the private schools of New York, and he undoubtedly merits the lasting gratitude of parents for the deep interest he has always taken in the religious as well as secular training of the pupils placed under his guidance and control.

The avenues to wealth are so numerous in the United States, that few are willing to submit to the trials of a teacher's life, unless forced by circumstances. It is time we should have professional teachers who may stamp our growing generation, as Dr. Arnold did his “Rugby boys," and raise yet higher the mental and moral standard of this noble country.

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