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This house was established in 1845 by BALTHAZAR KREISCHER and CHARLES MUMPETON, under the firm name of KREISCHER & MUMPETON, and so continued until 1849, when, by the decease of the latter, B. KREISCHER carried on the business in his own name. In 1859, his nephew becoming associated, changed the style to KREISCHER & NEPhew, and two years later, upon the admission of AD. WEBER, again changed to KREISCHER & Co. In 1861, the partnership was dissolved, and the present style again adopted. The success of this house in their branch of manufacture has been marked and satisfactory. Considerable difficulties had been experienced about 1854 in procuring a reliable supply of Clay, and the proprietors feeling the necessity of having their own mines, purchased the Clay property (discovered by B. KREISCHER) situated at Westfield, Richmond County, Staten Island, and there erected extensive works for the manufacture of Fire-Brick and Clay.

The Clay here prepared was transported to the New York Works by means of a propeller built expressly for that purpose. Large additions were made to these premises in 1855, and such was the growth and prosperity of this little village by reason of Mr. KREISCHER's enterprise and success that a post-office was established, and the place named Kreischerville.

In 1865, valuable Clay beds, at Woodbridge, N. J., and Chester County, Pa., were purchased, and the business had become so prosperous that the New York Manufactory was rebuilt, and a new system of burning and drying, together with improvements in machinery, &c., were introduced.

In 1867, large works were also built in the city of Philadelphia by B. KREISCHER, W. A. LOUGHRIDGE, and GEORGE Ellis, to extend the business of manufacturing Fire-Brick, Drain-Tiles, and Clay Retorts.

For a period of more than a quarter of a century B. KREISCHER has given close study and personal supervision to this important branch of manufacture. The European systems have regularly been examined by him, and valuable improvements have, from time to time, been made. Such untiring energy, industry, and perseverance, have met with the deserved reward of gaining the highest reputation for his goods, whereever they have been used.

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This old house, formerly Christal & Donohue, is located at No. 226 Pearl Street, their Warehouse forming one of the architectural features of New York. It is truly a beautiful structure, having a handsome ornamental iron front, painted in exact imitation of marble, and was erected by the firm expressly for their own use. Messrs. Christal & Struthers, having a long experience, are thoroughly familiar with all the details of their business, and the celebrity which articles of their manufacture have gained throughout the country, affords ample proof that they have not applied themselves to their pursuits for nearly a generation in vain. They have an extensive factory at Brooklyn, provided with the most approved machinery for the production of the national White-Lead, the Pennsylvania and Lehigh Zinc Paint, and Colors for all use; also the most extensive arrangements for the importation in large quantities, of Linseed Oil, English White-Lead, French Zinc-White, Window-Glass, &c. Their past and present success, and high reputation, is an evidence of the prominent part they have taken in building up our city.

STONE & BARRON, Book, Law, and Job Printers,

98 Nassau Street,



New YORK, April 22d, 1868. Messrs. STONE & BARRON :

GENTLEMEN—I could not more appropriately than here, tender you my thanks for the unusually expeditious manner in which you have completed this History of New York. To Mr. WILLIAM L. STONE, of your firm, I feel especially indebted for its authorship. It would perhaps be out of place to express an opinion regarding its merits as a valuable and standard publication—of that, the press and the public will be the proper critics. A continuance and increase of your marked success in business, will not be surprising, while such industry, enterprise, and ability, coupled with conscientious endeavors to subserve mutual interests, continue to be evinced and employed in its management.

Very sincerely, yours,


From the New York Journal of Commerce of April 6, 1868. HISTORY OF NEW YORK CITY.–We have received a few advance sheets of a new work under this title, soon to be issued in this city. It is written by WILLIAM L. STONE, son of the well-known editor of that name, now deceased, who has followed his father's footsteps in the paths of historical research, as his previous works (Life and Times of Sir William Johnson, &c.,) fully testify. Mr. STONE was engaged for a few months in his father's profession, but is now carrying on the printing business, which gives him more leisure for his favorite pursuits in the line of authorship. The forthcoming work promises to possess rare interest, not only for our citizens, but for all who are attracted by historical themes.


This firm has deservedly risen to a prominent position among those private banking institutions which have of late years found such favor among, and proved so convenient to, business men throughout the country. The marked and rapid success of this house is mainly attributable to the energy, enterprise, and ability, which has always characterized its efforts, and to the adoption of the soundest principles and most perfect system of the General Banking business. Conducted the same as an incorporate bank, it offers the same facilities, with the advantages of the individual and special attention of experienced and shrewd managers (always in the market) to the interests of those who intrust financial matters and operations to their care.

United States' Securities purchased and for sale ; all issues on hand ready for instant delivery at the lowest Market Rate, free of all Commission Charges. Deposits in Currency and Gold received; Certificates issued therefor, bearing interest at the current rate. Merchants, Bankers, Corporations, and Individuals opening accounts with them will be allowed Five Per Cent. Interest on all daily balances, subject to Check on demand, without notice. Drafts upon them pass through the Clearing-House the same as those drawn upon the City Banks. They are prepared at all times to make advances to correspondents on first-class current securities, at the ruling market rate. Collections made with dispatch on all points in the Union and Canadas. Orders for Stocks, Bonds, and Gold executed promptly, strictly on Commission. Gold for payment of Duties for sale ; also Loaned in sums to suit. As special Financial Agents for the Union Pacific Rail-Road Company, they offer for sale the First Mortgage Bonds of the Company, having thirty years to run, and bearing six per cent. interest, which, with the principal, is payable in Gold:

The Devoe & Pratt Manufacturing Company.


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This Company was formed under the general manufacturing laws of the State of New York, in the early part of the present year (1868), and organized on the 1st of March, by the choice of

GEORGE W. DEVOE, President,
CHARLES PRATT, Vice-President,

FREDERICK W. Devos, Treasurer ; these gentlemen also constituting the Board of Directors. From the nature of the business, not less than the characters of the men in charge of it, we are safe in saying that few houses have done more in the pastperhaps none are likely to do more in the future—towards building up the commercial greatness of this Metropolis than THE DEVOE & PRATT MANUFACTURING COMPANY, and the firms from which it has sprung. The officers of the Company are all men who have made their own fortunes, and who owe their success in life to their own unaided efforts. The business now conducted by the Company was formerly carried on by the respective firms of F. W. Devoe & Co. and Charles Pratt, which, in their turn, had grown out of the old house of Raynolds, Devoe & Pratt, long known as the laryest wholesale paint establishment in the United States.

From the first introduction of Petroleum into use, this firm had occasion to deal in it, more or less, in connection with their general business, and in due course received, at first considerable-afterward, large orders for shipment. It soon, however, became apparent, that owing to the peculiarly volatile nature of the article, the leakage from

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